Children very much like to draw secret language of children`s figure
. They represent everything that is felt on paper and notice around. Parents keep the most successful models of this creativity as a souvenir, as a rule, do not attach the rest significance. And meanwhile, having peered more attentively into the most usual children`s drawing, it is possible to see what is created in soul of the kid and what he will not manage to explain to adults further in the most confidential conversation.
“Evolution“ of the young painter
Drawing for the child is not art, and the speech. Drawing gives to the child the chance to express what owing to age restrictions he cannot put into words. In the course of drawing rational passes into the background, bans and restrictions recede. At this moment the child is absolutely free.
Children`s drawing most often clearly demonstrates the sphere of interests of the least artist. At early stages of development (till three years) from - under hands of the young artist there are hyphens, lines, circles. The kid “tries“ a pencil or a brush, experiments. Usually he at first does drawing, and then thinks out that it represented what it can be similar to. Later (by four years) the drawing plan appears. From a certain age (in 3,5 - 4) the person becomes object of close attention and studying. From the point of view of psychodiagnostics drawing of the person is one of the most exact and reliable sources of information . Complexity is only that information which is contained in such “message“ “is figuratively speaking coded“, and drawing needs to be “read“ competently. Psychologists who use pictural techniques in work have to possess sufficient qualification and experience with children. However attentive parents can always notice something unusual in creative works of the child, feel mood of the kid, catch the hidden tension. Therefore as “the pre-medical help“ we offer several lessons of the analysis of children`s drawing.
Quality depends on age
to the Child needs to suggest to draw his family. And so that all were busy with some business. Let it will have a choice of colored pencils and enough paper - the usual album leaf (A4 format) quite will approach. You should not hurry the kid or to comment on his drawing in the course of drawing. And when he will finish a family portrait, it is a high time to ask questions: whom exactly he drew also what busy all these characters. Starting the analysis of drawing, adults have to consider that its contents and, figuratively speaking, quality depend on age of the young artist. At three-year-old children people most often look as “cephalopod“: certain beings whose body and the head represent uniform “bubble“ with legs. There can be also a mug. But strictly speaking, to analyze drawing from the point of view of personal development and a psychoemotional state will be more true from 4 - 5 years . By four years the child usually already represents the person in the form of two ovals with handles and legs - sticks. In drawings of five-year-old children the head, eyes, a trunk, hands, legs appear. In six years the nose, a mouth, fingers are added to the above-mentioned (their quantity is insignificant). By seven years “painters“ do not lose sight of such details of a human image as a neck, hair any more (or a cap), clothes (at least in a schematic look), and hands and legs represent double lines. Usually are guided by these criteria at an intelligence quotient of the child.
the Analysis on... own feelings
For right reading of children`s drawing need to trust in the impressions. What emotions it causes? Rest and pacification or concern and alarm? More precisely to define it, it is possible to try to describe drawing, using the concepts “light“ - “dark“, “bright“ - “dim“, “harmonious“ - “inharmonious“, “quiet“ - “restless“, “ordered“ - “chaotic“, “cheerful“ - “sad“, “aggressive“ - “benevolent“, “rich“ - “poor“, “heavy“ - “easy“. It will help to apprehend a condition of the child more precisely.
It is possible, the similar way of an assessment will seem difficult. In this case it is possible to find the same interested parents and to exchange with them creations of kids. And then to share with each other the feelings from drawings as “independent experts“. All words which it is possible to describe drawing are related to an actual condition of the child. For example, some negative definitions. Inharmonious - restless on color, loading of parts of drawing, dynamics of characters. Chaotic - chaotic on an arrangement on a leaf. Sad - on which family members are separated, are in different parts of a leaf, persons at them are sad or at all are absent. Aggressive - with the menacing mimicry, poses, perhaps, with the weapon.can tell
At a large number of negative estimates about internal psychological trouble of the child. However you should not do hasty conclusions on the one and only drawing. Perhaps, the child is offended by someone or insufficiently well feels. Emotional experiences of the kid are usually bright and short-term, but they exert considerable impact on all its next activity including on creative.House hierarchy
the Special attention is paid by
to the analysis of structure of drawing of a family. It is necessary to compare its real structure to that which is represented by the child on paper. It is also necessary to estimate a drawing order, the size of figures and their arrangement on a leaf. The first and the largest, as a rule, represents the most significant in understanding of the young artist the family member. Children usually draw themselves near those for whom feel the greatest affection. And further all in drawing the most not nice settles down to the kid the relative. The image in a profile or a back also confirms the intense relations between this family member and the author of drawing. Children live momentary experiences. And often emotional relations with someone from relatives (recent quarrel, offense) can introduce the amendments in drawing. In this case the kid can even “forget“ someone. For example, 6 - summer Alyosha does not draw the father who pays him not enough attention and is rough. And its absence in drawing explains with the fact that “the father went to business trip“. Alice (4 years) did not draw the younger little sister Ksyusha, having explained her absence with the fact that the baby “sleeps in other room“. The girl cannot reconcile with the fact that mother from - for the sister does not pay her as much attention as before. Take place and the return situations when the child represents in drawing of really not existing family members. Sasha (5 years) surprised much the mother when drew near himself the playing kid and reported that he at last had a brother! Similar “amendments“ in structure of a family are introduced by the children unsatisfied with the emotional situation. It requires more benevolent attention from adults and games “as equals“, and it is better - entertainments in the company of other same kids.
an Important role in the analysis of children`s drawing is played also by what busy family members. If they are united by any common cause, most often it demonstrates favorable family climate. Very significant indicator of psychological proximity is the real distance between the represented figures. Drawing itself separately from the others, the child can “signal“ about the isolation in a family. If it separates the family from each other partitions or places them in different “rooms“, it can testify to problems in communication. The size of the image speaks about what place is taken by this person in emotional life of a family. For example, if the child draws the brother, younger on age, or the sister more largely than, then it is possible to assume exclusive attention to it from relatives. He “takes a lot of place in their life“.
Absence in drawing of the least artist - the frequent sign that the child feels in a family lonely and to it “is not present the place“ in the relations between relatives. It is possible to check it, having asked the kid a question: “Perhaps, you forgot someone to draw?“ Happens that even the direct instruction:“ You forgot to represent yourself“ - the child ignores or explains:“ There is no place left “, “ then will finish drawing“. Such situation is a serious occasion to think of family relationship.Very dense image of the figures as if blocking each other tells
about so close relationship of people close to the kid or about his need for such communications.
the Assessment of “a letter manner“
Rather widespread sign of the increased uneasiness of the child are of self-correction . Especially such which do not lead to improvement of quality of the image. Drawings from separate small strokes meet - the kid as if is afraid to draw a resolute line. Sometimes all drawing or some of its parts is shaded. In such cases it is possible to assume also increased uneasiness of the young artist. It is worth paying attention to exaggeratedly big eyes on a portrait, especially - if in them pupils are densely shaded. Perhaps, the kid has sensation of fear.
Numerous jewelry , indicates presence of additional details and elements of a suit at the author of drawing demonstrativeness of the child, his desire to be noticed, thirst for outer effects. It meets at girls more often.
Very much weak pressing of a pencil, low (not on age) the detalizirovannost drawing occurs at children adynamic, inclined to fast exhaustion, emotionally sensitive, psychologically unstable. And children at whom it is easy the mood for no apparent reason changes, usually in the course of drawing often change pressing: one lines are hardly noticeable, others are carried out with noticeable effort. Impulsive kids often do not finish lines or, on the contrary, draw widely therefore their drawings make impression negligent, uncontrolled. Here strong pressing and gross violations of symmetry attract attention. Sometimes the drawing “is not located“ on a leaf.
drawings where all by of a figure are represented very small Meet . Usually all composition is focused to any sheet edge. It means that the kid feels weak and does not trust in the forces. Perhaps, someone from the family is very strict with it or requirements imposed on the child do not correspond to his real opportunities.
If the kid represents himself in an open pose (hands and legs are widely placed, the figure large, is more often roundish), it speaks about his sociability and cheerfulness. And on the contrary, the “closed“ pose (hands are pressed to a body or are hidden for a back, the figure extended, angular) indicates the person closed inclined to constrain the feelings and thoughts rather.
Both in drawings of boys, and in drawings of girls it is quite often possible to notice symbols of aggressive tendencies behavior:
the big accented fists, the weapon, a frightening pose, accurately traced nails and teeth. Despite the seeming hostility, they can be expression of a protective form of behavior. Adults should understand that is a source of the increased emotional danger to their child and why for it such demonstration of the force was necessary.
a Specific place is held by drawings with violation of accepted standards of the image . In particular, image of genitals. For small children (till 4 years) this rather frequent phenomenon. Here the tendency to naturalness of life is reflected in all its manifestations. At the senior preschool children such drawing speaks about demonstrativeness, desire to draw attention in the provocative way, serves as aggression expression.
the Palette - a window to the soul?
Children very much early begin “to feel“ color and to select it for the mood and attitude. Doctor Max Lyusher, the psychologist and the researcher in the field of color, studied the choice of shades from color scale by various people. He came to conclusion that the choice of color reflects psychological qualities of the person and a state of his health.
Quantity of the colors used by the child can be considered from several positions. First of all, it is the characteristic of a level of development of the emotional sphere in general. Usually children use 5 - 6 flowers. In this case it is possible to speak about the normal average level of emotional development. Wider palette of color assumes nature sensitive, rich with emotions. If the child is more senior than 3 - 4 years draws 1 - 2 colored pencils, it most likely indicates his negative state at present: alarm (blue), aggression (red), depression (black). Use only of a simple pencil (in the presence of the choice) sometimes is treated as “lack“ of color, thus the child “reports“ that in his life there are not enough bright paints, positive emotions.the Most emotionally significant figures allocate
with a large amount of colors. And openly not accepted characters are usually drawn black or it is dark - brown color. Also certain properties of character and a state can render colors.
Each of flowers has own symbolical value :
- of it is dark - blue - concentration, concentration on internal problems, need for rest and satisfaction, introspection;
- green - steadiness, independence, persistence, obstinacy, aspiration to safety;
- red - will power, eccentricity, an orientation outside, aggression, hyperactivity, excitability;
- yellow - positive emotions, a spontaneity, inquisitiveness, optimism;
- violet - the imagination, intuition, emotional and intellectual immaturity (children often give preference to this color);
- brown - a sensual support of feelings, sluggishness, physical discomfort, it is frequent - negative emotions;
- black - depression, a protest, destruction, an urgent need for changes;
- gray - “lack“ of color, indifference, dispassionateness, desire to leave, not to notice what disturbs.
From the theory to practice
So, the kid spent over a sheet of paper with pencils in hands several minutes, and the picture is ready. As there is a lot of important for him and for parents it is hidden in this drawing! Let`s try to read it? Here the child represented himself, but the pose is unstable and there is no person. And how to communicate without the person? Difficult! Here the kid in a bed - lay down to have a rest. Perhaps, he was tired. And maybe, it is sick? And color chose brown. Yes, indeed - temperature! Why all little girls draw princesses? Quite so they feel or... very much want it. Only to come under the spotlight, to be very best... And what demand from the princess? And here boy, armed cap-a-pie. It needs protection. Perhaps, someone offended him.to
At first sight, can seem that the analysis of children`s drawings - not such a complex challenge. However it would be desirable to warn parents against tough formulations and statement of the psychological diagnosis. Let`s leave this business in experts through whose hands there passed not one hundred drawings of children. Behind the seeming simplicity and elegance of a method there is a set of nuances, interrelations of separate manifestations and features. Besides, the person analyzing drawing considers it through a prism of the personal experience and a condition of time at present. Therefore you should not do far-reaching conclusions independently. And if something in drawing of the child guarded or puzzled parents, it is better not to postpone visit to the expert. Let will help to understand!