Treat inoculations seriously
the Newborn is not so defenseless as it seems - in a womb from mother passes maternal immunity from many infections to him. Subsequently the nursed baby receives an additional portion of the antibodies helping it to resist diseases with milk.
However such immunity is temporary, dying away by the end of the first year of life. To create long or as doctors speak, active immunity to some diseases only inoculations can.
we have something to be afraid
If there were no inoculations, our children would be threatened by terrible infections which in a huge number of cases result in disability or even to death.the Statistics is eloquent
. To every tenth child who got sick with diphtheria, doctors cannot help, and he perishes. Measles in every fifth case will result the child in disability. The boy who had epidemic parotitis (mumps), perhaps, will never become a father. The rubella at pregnant women conducts to uglinesses of future child...
As inoculationswork with
Immunity to an illness is formed at introduction to an organism of the child of the weakened or killed microbe - the causative agent of that infection from which the inoculation becomes. The specific antibodies developed in response to introduction of a preparation also provide immunity to infections in the future.
Only preventive inoculations allow people to operate infections in planet scales. For example, thanks to inoculations, natural smallpox is liquidated - since 1977 in the world any case of this infection is not registered.
Harm and advantage
the Most frequent question which can be heard from parents about inoculations are a question: Whether “Inoculations to my child are dangerous?“ .
By production of modern vaccines them is cleared of unnecessary and harmful substances, leaving only what is required for creation of protection against diseases. It considerably reduces risk of collateral reactions.
Today the child, having completed a full course of inoculations according to a calendar, receives less ballast substances, than contained in one dose of the vaccine used 30 - 50 years ago. Add special substances for immunity development stimulation to some vaccines. Creation of the combined vaccines against several diseases allows to reduce at once quantity of inoculations to your child.
What is a calendar of inoculations
For creation at the child of protective immunity of usually insufficiently single inoculation. Carrying out a course of inoculations with the subsequent revaccination for immunity fixing is required.
It is important that vaccination and a revaccination of the child were made during a certain age period and in the recommended periods. The age of the child and terms of a revaccination are registered in a calendar of inoculations.
Immunization within a calendar of preventive inoculations is carried out free of charge by the vaccines of domestic and foreign production registered and allowed for use.
On a paid basis can be imparted the child from the infections which are not entering this calendar. whetherto
Needs preparation for an inoculation
- On the eve of an inoculation is necessary as - or to change a day regimen. Not less than in a week you should not give to the child of new products.
- At most of children inoculative reactions do not arise at all. The child can feel an easy indisposition, at it body temperature can increase. Ask the doctor what it is necessary (and whether it is necessary in general) to take medicine during this period to weaken allergic reactions. And as for temperature, it is the best of all to stock up febrifugal on the basis of paracetamol , for example, Children`s Panadol is the safest preparation for your kid, it always has to be in the home first-aid kit.
: the small child does not suit to aspirin (it is contraindicated to children till 15 years), analginum (in general it is forbidden in 39 countries of Europe and America). And the leading pediatricians recommend preparations on the basis of ibuprofen, only since the second half of the year of life. And not to all children, but only that who has no problems with zheludochno - an intestinal path, and that who is not sick with asthma.
you came to an inoculation
- Before carrying out an inoculation the doctor will examine the kid and will surely take it temperature (not superfluous will be to take temperature and houses, before an exit).
- Mother has the right to study the instruction to a vaccine and to check a preparation expiration date. Take
- the child on hands. Do not deceive him that pricks are absolutely painless. It is better to speak about that, “that the prick is slightly - slightly painfully“, “as komarik will bite“.
- cut off one
Under new laws any family can refuse inoculations to the child, having registered refusal by the written statement for the manager of children`s policlinic. Before making it, once again weigh all pros and cons. Do not forget that on a bowl of scales health of your child.by
In Moscow accepted such calendar of inoculations:Age
|of||Vaccination against tuberculosis|
|of 1 month||the Second vaccination against viral hepatitis B|
|of 3 months< td> the First vaccination against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis|
|of 4,5 months||the Second vaccination against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis|
|of of 6 months||Third of vaccination against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, the third vaccination against hepatitis B|
|of of 12 months||Vaccination against measles, a rubella, epidemic parotitis|
|of of 18 months||the First revaccination against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis|
|of of 20 months||the Second revaccination against poliomyelitis|
|of of 6 years||the Revaccination against measles, rubellas, epidemic parotitis|
|of of 6 - 7 years (1 class)||the First revaccination against tuberculosis|
|of of 7 - 8 years (the 2nd class)||the Second revaccination against diphtheria, tetanus|
|of of 13 years||Vaccination against viral hepatitis B (earlier not imparted) vaccination against a rubella (girl)|
|of of 14 - 15 years||the Third revaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, the second revaccination against tuberculosis|
|of of 15 - 16 years (the 10th class)||the Revaccination against measles, the epidemic parotitis which is (once) imparted|
|of Adult||the Revaccination against diphtheria, tetanus - each 10 years from the moment of the last revaccination|