Rus Articles Journal

Photo for women. Part one of

Ya noticed long ago that articles about technical things are always written counting upon men. Those who already have prior technical knowledge or love to them. Often the love to these technical characteristics blocks to men in general initial mission of a subject.

my notes are intended by

to women. The most elementary knowledge not to be afraid to take the camera in hand, and having taken, to do rather good pictures. Earlier practically all household knowledge of the camera was in hands of men. With the advent of convenient chambers with a set of automatic functions - at first film, and now and digital - the camera in everyday life even more often appears in hands of women. We remove much - children in their ezhednevnost and development, the works and needlework, trips, new meetings, beautiful landscapes, the gardens and flowers. The Internet - magazines and forums, personal pages, letters to friends and the family - all this demands photos. However, often these photos are ugly, indistinct, unsuccessfully zakomponovana, peretemnena, are not bright and weigh too much and are long loaded.

to you I will tell

Ya elementary and simple data in order that the photo brought you joy. It will be a grant for the beginners.

So, we will begin.

the Choice of a chamber

to

As a rule, will be done it is all the same by the man. Let him rummage in the Internet and compares all technical characteristics and opportunities.

What is necessary for you? Coordinate how many money you agree to spend for a chamber.

Look at

and try on whether it will be convenient to you to go, hold, cope with it? Whether not too it is heavy for you? I, for example, do not like to carry heavy objects therefore chose a chamber rather compact and easy. whether

in it the macro mode Is? (It is required to you for photography of the works as a close up.)

What

there zoom? The zoom is as far as the chamber can “approach“ object of filming or “depart“ from it without your movement. whether

Can be disconnected or to forcibly include flash?

A time for mysterious megapixels came now. All are convinced that the their is more, the better. Actually, as well as in many other things, bigger does not mean the best. It is necessary for you not bigger, but corresponding to your inquiries.

is present

In megapixels nothing mysterious, they define how many small pieces of information will register in each piece of the picture, and finally what size you will be able to print the picture clearly and accurately. whether

you Are going to give the works on professional exhibitions? In magazines with good polygraphy? To print them the size in the poster? If is not present, then, most likely, the room of photos in the Internet or prints for a house album will be your main objective.

Present to

photos from a photolaboratory where you usually print. And now present that you have a printer and special paper for a photo, and you print out photos of the same quality.

to

Then for the most widespread photo of 10 by 15 cm to you will need 0,4 megapixels.

you will be able to print with

With 1 megapixel a photo of 12 by 18 cm, or approximately in a half of a writing leaf.

With 2 megapixels - a photo of 20 by 25 cm, or approximately in a leaf of a writing format.

3 megapixels will give you a photo of 27 by 35 cm

All this

quite enough to print pictures for a house album or portraits on a wall.

to

needs the Bigger number of megapixels if you are going to print regularly a photo the size in the poster or to sell the high-quality pictures to special editions for polygraphy. However and for the simple use large permission has advantages. You will be able to cut out part of the photo and to unpack it in high quality. Present that you can always cut out part which will look good as the photo 10 on 15 for a usual album from the big poster or a calendar.

to

Absolutely definitely to you needs big memory. On ““, built in a chamber, not so many photos usually are located and if you want to go to walk and not to shiver over limited number of frames, you need an occasional seat for storage of your photos. Therefore at once get additional a flash - memory is such small card which is inserted into a chamber. You need also special cord for connection of a chamber and the computer. If he is not in a chamber complete set, it is necessary to buy it separately.

the Camera is bought

. What`s next?

to you will need to take Now

the instruction and to read the simplest data on control of the camera. Do not dare to become puzzled of terms which you do not know. Now you need to learn very simple things.

removing watched

In old cameras in the view-finder - a special small window, nestling close to it an eye. Now almost all digital cameras are supplied with the liquid crystal screen on which you see that you remove. This screen shows absolutely precisely what will be in your picture. The view-finder is a little displaced concerning a lens and sees not absolutely what is seen by a chamber. It how to look at the picture, closing one, second eye. If you take a close photo, then the difference can be considerable. Therefore get used to look at the screen, but for the sake of interest look how the world in the view-finder is visible.

Learn

where the descent button is located, that is the fact that you will press to receive a photo.

Learn to change a zoom - that is to bring closer or delete the picture, to run and drive off from it. Press this button and look how the picture changes. Usually near it the plus and minus, or one tree and several small are drawn. If you have a digital zoom - disconnect it. Also do not take it into consideration upon purchase. Integration of the picture well becomes only by means of a lens. Digital means that the lens cannot integrate further - and the picture stretches artificially, as if increasing, but losing in quality. You can make the same in a photoshop. Besides this piece eats resources of food and your batteries will quicker come to an end.

Learn to include the macro mode. Most likely, it will be the button with a small floret.

Find

also where the button of management of flash. In a normal state the chamber solves itself, there is enough or not lighting. If light bright - she removes at once. If it is not enough light - that will include flash. However you can want to include flash forcibly even if around rather light-. For example, to remove the person at a window, against light. To switch off flash not less important. Many museums forbid shooting with flash. Sometimes in any circumstances you do not want that flash gave out that you remove.

Look at

where you have a management of the menu. There you will find various permissions for a photo (the picture size in pixels), elections of the modes of shooting and other. Put everything on “car“ or “normat“. So far it enough for you will be perfect. The sizes in pixels will be shown you in the section “Picture Size“. On them you will be able to be guided what size you will have a picture on the monitor screen. I practically never remove at a resolution of 640 on 480. But if you have problems with the place of storage or you need to send quickly to someone a photo, and special beauty are not necessary - this what is necessary. My most used permission (if I remove for display on the Internet) - 1280 on 960 pixels. More for the screen it is also not required to you - your picture will leave out of limits of visible part of the monitor.

Learn

how to you to look at the finished shooting photos on a screen. And when viewing as it is possible to erase unfortunate. Then it is possible to osvobozhat the place at once and to throw out photos on which all closed eyes or the foreign passerby silt just greased indistinct shots entered a shot.

quite will drop down

of It for you for a start. If you want more something special, read in your instruction how to remove themselves. The special button provides a shooting delay after pressing descent - during this time you will manage to reach and sit down together with the company or to strike a pensive pose in a new dress against a carpet:-).

we Begin to photograph

Now when you know an arrangement of the main buttons, it is possible to start shooting. If at least once surprised you why on a photo you receive absolutely not that saw with own eyes, you need to believe that your eye is arranged much more cleverly than a chamber. When you conduct a look according to the picture, your eye and a brain automatically and continuously are accustomed to illumination, remoteness and color. Therefore all of you see rather in detail and well. If you transfer a view from the wall lit with the sun of a doorway, then literally through fractions of a second you will begin to distinguish objects there though at the first moment you saw only a dark rectangle. Your chamber will not be able to be accustomed to all places of the picture with identical success.

For the help to you and it in the center of a screen you will see a frame (perhaps, with a cross or a circle in the middle). The chamber looks that it gets to this frame and measures distance at which the image has to be accurate, and illumination in this subject - that in the picture there were enough distinguishable details. Remember the first rule: the fact that you want that left well has to get to this pryamougolnichek.

your chamber works with

so. You direct it at the right place and place the most important in a rectangular frame. It is necessary to press the button of descent smoothly to a half . At this moment the chamber does not remove, and adapts “look“ - that everything was accurate and clear. Usually for your convenience before eyes some bulb, ogonechek blinks at this time. As soon as the spark ceases to blink and burns exactly - the chamber measured everything, guided sharpness and is ready to photograph a shot. It is possible to pressurize the button up to the end, the picture will be photographed.

If at you unsharp shots are frequent

, then you did not execute these rules:

  1. of was not guided a frame in the center at the necessary subject - so, sharpness was guided at other subject and necessary to you it seems to a chamber unimportant;
  2. did not wait for
  3. when the alarm spark ceases to blink - so, the chamber did not think about sharpness yet in general and looks at everything an absent look;
  4. began to be lowered or cleaned a chamber while still there was a frame recording! It is very widespread mistake. Will press the button - and sharply throw a chamber supposedly already everything. Actually, pressing of the button - only a signal to a chamber to begin to write down. If day bright and all is visible well, the shot will grasp and will register quickly. If there is not a lot of light, the chamber has to peer into object longer, and all this time she writes down the picture which she sees. If you move it at this time - that the different provisions of objects shifted one after another will register - and the smeared, indistinct image will turn out. Therefore the iron rule - so far on the screen is a “recording“ inscription, or so far the picture stood and did not thaw, you have to keep quietly a chamber in the same position, looking at the same point.

In general, to avoid a smearing and an illegibility, try to stiffen as it is possible not more movably when you remove. Get up conveniently, leaning on both legs, press elbows to sides when you hold a chamber; and having guided at sharpness, hold the breath at that time when you pressurize the button up to the end. If is where to lean or operet a chamber - safely it do.

Covering of object

Never remove

against light. Whether you noticed that in sunny bright day at you turn out dark without details, bluish figures and faces of people? It means only one - you confused an eye and a chamber again. Remember - that people on a shot turned out well, the sun, a lamp, a window have to be at you behind the back . If you do not see a light source, that is it is in that semicircle that at you behind the back, from an ear to an ear through a nape, your purpose will be lit normally. Especially it matters in cloudy day with a diffused light. You can receive quite good and color shots if you turn to the smeared white spot on the place of the sun a back. Or gloomy and dark if you face to it.

Good sufficient light in general is very important

for a good photo. If you rent houses, try to include all lamps and lamps available to you and to remove closer to them. whether

you Saw photos where the image indoors too yellow? Or street photos of a cyanotic shade? At street and electric light a different okrashennost, and when shooting it needs to be considered. In your chamber there can just be shooting modes “indoors“ and “outside“. At these modes the chamber itself corrects colors in the necessary party. If at you the mode for street shooting is included, and you photograph houses - that photo will be too yellow. If on the street the mode is included “inside“ - all photos will be blue and cloudy. If you want to remove quicker - switch in the necessary mode for each lighting. If you forget about it, just deliver to “car“. The chamber will remove slightly more slowly because it will begin to consider each type of lighting, but you cannot remember it.

Flash

Keep in mind

that flash affects limited distance. It is the best of all if the removed object is at distance from 3 - x to 4,5 meters. Your flash normally is farther will not light. If the object is closer, at meter distance - that the figure and the person can be lit so that details will be gone.

If to you has to be removed against light, for example, you stand in the doorway and remove the person on a loggia, against the lit bright landscape, then, most likely, the person will turn out a dark silhouette, without the necessary details. Flash can improve things considerably. It will fill a dark figure and will reveal details. Such photo will look not quite natural as if the figure was cut out and pasted on a background, but, at least, the person can be made out.

Removing small things, the needlework, with flash you will notice that works look often flat, cachectic, not volume. Sharp lighting deprives objects of the habitual volume habitual an arrangement of shadows and penumbras. Therefore try to remove the works at good natural lighting - take out them on the street, on a balcony or remove in light day at a big window.

the General tone of the photo very much depends on what you will aim a frame in the center of a shot at. Remember that the chamber exactly in this frame measures illumination and by results decides how to it to see - it is how dark or light-? If you guide a frame at the dark place, the chamber will peer to consider there details - as a result all picture will become lighter that in shadows it was possible to consider details. However at the same time light places will be lightened too, and brightly lit will lose details at all. If to make on the contrary - guide a frame at the light place - your photo will darken that in this light place details were accurately visible. Very dark places can lose details in turn.

Try to remove one and too, having guided a frame in the center at the lightest and at the most dark - and compare results! Now you know that it is not always necessary to abuse a chamber for a dark or peresvetlenny shot. Always you watch that you in the center have it and it will turn out clearer and sharpest on a photo.

When I learned

about it is I very much was upset. It what turns out? Everything that has to look good, has to stick out always exactly in the middle of the photo? At all not!

you Remember shooting process? You press the button to a half and wait when ceases to blink or the bulb will light up - it means that the chamber measured everything - illumination, distance, decided what it will have bright and accurate. There is an important thing! The chamber solved it - and remembered . Now without releasing the button, you can translate a chamber so that the picture suited you - and to pressurize finally the button.

For example: if you remove a portrait, you can guide a frame at the person, wait until the chamber is adjusted, and then to translate “look“ so that the person was located to a belt. The main thing - not to descend from that place where you stand.

the Main techniques to you are familiar now to

. In the following part how to make so that your picture looked good.