Change of a profession at mature age or how to become the president of
B of one of the Soviet newspapers was published a remarkable caricature: there is an athlete at the crossroads and with the puzzled look scratches in a nape. As well as it is necessary, before it the stone lies, and on a stone it is cut: “To the right you will go, on the left you will go, you will directly go - it is necessary to work!“ This statement did not lose relevance and today. Also questions of where also as whom to work are not less important.
Change of the place of work - the phenomenon very widespread. Experts passed and pass from one organization into another in search of any benefit (most often material), at the same time their professional duties and methods remain invariable. However movement on the organizations without change of a kind of activity is not always unconditionally useful.
Psychologists proved that the person will achieve bigger success if with frequency in five - the specialty changes seven years to gain new knowledge and to meet tasks, absolutely new, unusual to it, in the professional life. Even in case of systematic creation of career from the ordinary worker to the senior manager in the concrete company new duties do not replace old, and are added to them. In other words, the essence of activity does not change - only the sphere of responsibility increases. The person continues to work in the same professional area.
As paradoxically it sounds, but after several years the worker loses qualification rather, than gets it. The fatigue from a habitual circle of labor duties collects, the person carries out them automatically, without interest. Therefore psychologists consider that any professional needs to change not the place of work from time to time, and its contents. Ronald Reagan, as we know, was dismissed in due time from a film studio “Warner Brazers“. It is unlikely he would become the great actor if continued to work there, and absolutely precisely the world would not recognize 40 - go the president of the United States of America.
Usually heads of the companies and their personnel officers make the same mistake: look for on vacant positions of experts “with experience in a similar position not less than a year“, practically without considering the applicants who were training for a new profession or not working earlier at all. They do not consider that inexperienced candidates have considerable advantages before those who already ate a dog in this or that business: lack of professional stamps, readiness for self-improvement, interest in new work, etc.
Nevertheless, presently in the Russian labor market the positive tendency was outlined: even more often people began to change not the place of work, but a profession. Mass retraining began in the period of an economic crisis 90 - x years when only those who were not afraid to study successfully adapted to changes, to acquire new knowledge and to start the professional life from scratch.Yuli Vedmedenko`s
, the specialist of department of social psychology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, considers:“ Today more and more people voluntarily change specialty. It is accepted to call this phenomenon in social psychology “a professional reoriyentation“. The modern person is free in views and acts (in comparison with the person of the Soviet era), he aspires to a high standard of living and is ready to bear a personal responsibility for events of own life, for its quality. However the professional reoriyentation is most characteristic of youth. Thinking of mature people less flexible - their professional life is influenced by already developed stereotypes, requirements to themselves are too high. Mature people are afraid to risk“.
It is valid, people are more senior than 35 years are less active, than youth. Even in case of disappointment in the activity they seldom change a profession. The thought of cardinal retraining seems to mature people senseless and even dangerous. The majority of them has no opportunity or desire to spend time and money for receiving additional education. The exception is made by only two categories of citizens: housewives at whom children already grew up and there was an opportunity to be engaged in career, and the military transferred to the reserve. Both that and others face the mass of difficulties as objective (unwillingness of employers to provide the place to the inexperienced person, age limits at receipt in higher educational institutions, etc.), and psychological (fear to make a mistake, disbelief in the forces, lack of support from relatives, etc.).Experts of different profiles (sociologists, psychologists, economists) consider by
fear of change of a profession by one of the most harmful delusions of the Russian citizens. Many people feel that they completely lost interest and creative approach to the activity, but are afraid of changes from - for opportunities to fail. Natalya Samoukina, the candidate of psychological sciences, business - the trainer, notes:“ Unfortunately, speaking about career, people most often mean its vertical component - increase in positions or growth of a salary. But there is also horizontal dynamics. The employee, having exhausted substantial opportunities in the solution of tasks in which he was engaged long ago, begins to master the new direction of professional activity - seeks to gain new knowledge, comes into new contacts, saves up experience of the solution of new tasks. Age not a hindrance for retraining. It is proved: the aspiration of the person after fifty years to receive a new profession makes active his intelligence, promotes health and longevity“.
Psychologists recognize that only people with a certain warehouse of character are capable to decide on sharp change of the professional life. According to the so-called thermometer of stresses of the American psychiatrist Thomas, the compelled change of a profession lies approximately at the same level, as divorce, - about 73 degrees (for comparison: death of one of spouses - 100 degrees).
Ability to run reasonable risks in the professional life - the most important factor of success. And vice versa - the fear of changes or fear of a failure often do not allow the person to achieve good results. The one who will learn to look at study and change of a profession as on natural part of a working career, will never remain idle. Moreover, the modern level of development of economy actually compels people to retraining. Not without reason even in safe Sweden practically each person during the life two - three times change a profession.
Positive feature of our time is existence of advice centers with which persons interested to replace a profession are helped by competent experts. But it is not the only way to find to themselves new mission. One of methods orders to change not cardinally qualification, and to expand a circle of the activity. It is for this purpose optional to leave the work bringing money, it is just necessary to find to itself additional class, as they say, to liking. It can be tutoring, writing articles, sewing, a stolyarnichestvo, etc. Often new business becomes subsequently not only darling, but also the basic.
For example, D. R. Tolkien, the author of the legendary book “Lord of the Rings“, was a professor in the field of Anglo-Saxon language and literature. For four children he began to compose the fairy tale about hobbits. At first he told them it for the night, wrote down later and published, and publishing house, having estimated, how well work was accepted by readers, ordered continuation. The trilogy “Lord of the Rings“ which made enormous success was so created. In 62 years to modest professor the glory and wealth came. And he at last could refuse long-term need to keep lists of expenses.
“Is the express - a way for definition of in what professional sphere true interests of the person lie, - the psychologist Alyona Skalkina says. - Present yourself young, healthy and fantastically the man of means. You have all material benefits what can only be invented, and there are no difficulties with acquisition of new things or services. You inherited the wealth therefore it is not required to drag on itself burden of family business from you. Having rejected all realistic objections which are thrown up by imagination, imagine the main thing: it is optional to work with . What would you begin to be engaged in? Of course, several months or even can be spent years for resorts, pools, a casino and other active recreation. And then, having been tired to have a rest? How you will struggle with inevitable feeling of senselessness of life, boredom and a hopelessness? What business would carry away you really? Having honestly and after careful consideration answered this question, you will understand what professional way - yours“.
needs to be engaged in that business which will bring not only financial wellbeing, but also internal satisfaction, and also recognition from people around. Perfectly the famous American businessman Harvey Mackay, the author of several books on business psychology formulated this thought: “The person who continuously studies will find something that to him to liking, and will achieve that it will begin to work for him (even if at first sight it had no relation to its occupation). You should not work all life at one place you were awarded with a gold watch at retirement“.