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Fans of winter sports entertainments know many types of descent from snow mountains: on mountain skiing, the sledge, a snowboard. More experienced will remember the tubing, bobsled and a toboggan. However it not everyone, than it is possible to entertain itself in the winter on a hillside. Today we will talk about less known, but from it not less interesting ways of nonconventional descent from snow mountains.

Perhaps, not all heard about zorbing . It is descent from the mountain in a huge balloon; the name comes from the English orb - the sphere. Do not worry, the fan of extreme sports does not dangle in a sphere, and is reliably recorded by means of belts, besides between external and internal covers of a sphere the airbag is created that guarantees a full integrity and safety of a zorbonavt. However persons are not recommended to be engaged in zorbing more young than four and is more senior than seventy years, and also that who suffers vegeto - vascular diseases.

several kinds of this type of descent Are, and one of them assumes existence of a small amount of the ice water in a sphere pouring the athlete during descent. You should not be engaged in zorbing in the wild area. Imagine: one business to slide in a sphere from the smooth mountain, and another matter - on a narrow path between gorges … Comments, as they say, are excessive.

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Not so long ago, less than ten years ago, in the French Alps invented a new shell for descent from the mountain - snousnut . On the structure he reminds a snowboard and a mountain bike: it is a board which forward part is capable to turn, with a metal frame and a wheel above. A design, speak, maneuverable and jumping, despite the seeming ponderousness, but it should be noted that driving on a snouskut is quite dangerous therefore it is necessary to become on it only at experience of extreme descent. But let you are not frightened by collision with dashing molodets on a strange shell during your ski walk: snousnut it is not started meanwhile in a mass production and even in the European resorts almost you will not see it that to speak about the Russian slopes! Let`s hope that this new trend in nonconventional descent will come to us not soon, and our youth with fervent squeal will not jump soon from springboards and to press skiers.

For those who are broken off between skis and a snowboard and does not know

what finally to devote itself to, at the beginning of 90 - x in France it was specially invented skvat (differently called by the monoskiboard), similar to a small snowboard or on the fitted mountain ski. Fastenings are rowed not, as on a snowboard that the athlete went sideways, and one behind another at a small angle to the longitudinal line that it was possible to go, without deploying the case. Fastenings of a skval are quite peculiar, they are supplied with the special bracket covering ahead the standing leg of the athlete to the rack giving additional rigidity and protecting from changes. It is necessary to tell, skvat - entertainment not for beginners, and serious test of skilled athletes for dexterity and skill.

are similar

of Competition for skvaler to slalom, a difference only that instead of the flexible sticks designating gate the low bright bedside tables reminding floats are used. It is connected with the fact that when passing abrupt turns the athlete almost lays down on a slope.

With skvaly snowblades (English snow blade - the edge cutting snow), differently called also by skiboards (from English ski board - literally “a ski board“) or bigfoots are a little similar (from English big foot - big foot). The snowblade represents short, up to 1 m, a board of a parabolic form with the symmetric ends (a so-called board of twin tip), sometimes with slightly bent back. Fastenings are used ski and are located as well as at a skval, only absolutely directly. Unlike a skval snowblades are not really steady at great speed and do not dispose to an extreme, and therefore are available to almost all fans of driving from mountains.

Grant

, the most traditional of all types of extreme descent can call telemark , or frikhit (English freeheel - a free heel), thought up in Norway in the middle of the 19th century. For certain all already know that not so long ago the old design of a rigid ski binding with the curved spring pressing “plinth“ of a ski boot was a thing of the past. Now do the fastenings which are rigidly fixing to stop to a ski, and therefore telemarkers with strongly fixed socks at a free heel look on ski slopes even more strange now, than looked, let us assume, fifteen years ago. Besides a free heel telemarkers differ from simple skiers in the one and only stick and so-called equipment of the cut knee, in other words, they go, having strongly bent legs in knees. The equipment of the cut knee is not dictated only by following of tradition at all: it helps the skier to be ready to descent at any relief, to jumps from springboards. Besides, telemark assumes also following actually to tradition: his adherents try to use wooden skis and sweaters knitted manually.

the fankarving belongs To “ski“ types of descent also . The name comes from the English word carving that “carving“ means. I do not know how at you, dear readers, but at me this word is strongly connected with a line from the musical Andrew Lloyd of Weber of “Cat“:“ … and cruel carving knives …“.

of Fankarving is descent from the mountain on skis, only, unlike the same telebrand, in general without sticks too. Skis have the fitted design, as well as the snowblade described above. On such skis it is possible to make abrupt turns, almost laying down on a slope. When performing turn emphasis is placed on an internal ski, but not on external, as in traditional skis. In final turn it is possible even, without reducing speed, to go uphill. Truly, a fankarving - the style helping to overcome physical laws.

It is known that summer - not time of skiers. In the summer they need to drive on equal paths on roller skis not to get out of a shape. At all not such is destiny of skateboarders. Quite recently there was a snowskate, the winter sport replacing to skateboarders driving on a wheel board with driving on a board without wheels on snow. According to the adherents, the snowskate is good the fact that it, unlike a snowboard, does not demand the special long route, for it the small space with a handrail and steps suffices. The snowskate is similar to a board, only a few more widely and more long, is made of a tree and upholstered with plastic. This direction, though young (the first boards are put in a mass production in 90 - e) already has popularity among youth and over time, perhaps, will turn into the real sport with the world federation and official competitions.

As the fan of sailing, I cannot ignore two more directions in winter sports though inherently they cannot be carried to descent from the mountain. It is a kaytskiing and ice yachting.

of Kaytskiing (from English kite - a kite, and ski - skis) represents driving on skis on a plain surface - best of all on the frozen lake or the river - after the impressive sizes a kite. From a distance it looks so as if on snow there is an invisible yacht under a spinaker. Skilled athletes can operate not one, and at once several snakes - sails. Everything that is necessary for comfortable driving - it is a plain snow-covered surface and not really strong fair wind. Despite the seeming exoticism, this sport it is widespread also in our country, recently especially often the skier under a sail can be met on the lakes of Karelia.

For certain to someone ice yachting is known to

- it is races on the frozen reservoir on the sledge under a sail. The iceboat can gather decent speed - to 100 km/h so for its management skills of fast driving and the address with sails are required. Many pages of classical children`s foreign literature are devoted to driving on iceboats.

Unfortunately, in our country from - for high cost of stock - the yacht on runners called by an iceboat - ice yachting was never popular, however quite considerable number of his adherents is in North America.

But why to us to look for exotic apparatuses in search of thrills? Let`s address more traditional types of winter sports and pastime. One of them is of a hela - sk (heli - ski), or of a hela - a bording (heli - bording), that is driving on slopes, remote from elevators, on which the athlete is thrown out by the helicopter, and the name depends on on what you ride - skis or a snowboard. This direction in winter sports arose in 50 - e in Canada, in the province British Columbia. Rise in air and dumping on the route happens group in which not to do without the skilled instructor capable to use avalanche sensors, to choose a slope for descent, and also that is important, to keep special thrill-seekers from rash and obviously risky steps. Cases when instructors had even to chain thoughtless fans of extreme driving in handcuffs are known to hold from obviously risky descent.

Considerable value has also structure of group as in sport it is accepted to be leveled on the weakest, and the skilled athlete who got to one group with the beginner most likely will not derive pleasure from driving. Helly - sk practice in many resorts of Italy, Alaska, New Zealand and Switzerland, and also on Kamchatka and Krasnaya Polyana. You will not find only in France of such entertainment, it is forbidden at insistance of ecologists.

From a hela - driving it is similar of a bekkantra that literally means “a solitude, the remote place“. This concept is understood as extra route driving on anything - on skis, a snowboard, blades. As a rule, bekkantr are fond snowboarders, the snowboard is specially intended for conquest of the remote slopes. The equipment of snowboarders - travelers includes the folding sticks playing the same role, as a staff of the medieval wanderer at ascension - a support role. Bekkantri can be engaged in Prielbrusye or on Alaska. Who remembers the movie group of the young snowboarders who got on Alaska is high to mountains and the bandits who met on the way, already knows that an obligatory component of a bekkantra is shooting of the video topics fixing descent. Friends anyhow learn about your achievements there, highly, almost under clouds! Besides video viewing - a way to indulge in memoirs and to make “blamestorming session“.

I do not exclude

that in the world there are many other ways of nonconventional winter driving. It is also not necessary to dismiss the violent imagination of fans of all nonconventional. Happens and so: there was a wish to go down from a hill, and there is no suitable stock - skis, the sledge, a Bordeaux - near at hand. And the person uses inexhaustible stocks of the imagination. The new direction is so created.

So options to drive becomes more and more in the winter. And you choose that you have more to liking - traditional skis or dashing, extreme snousnut, quiet, slow driving on a tail at a kite or dizzy descent on the skval. Good luck!