The answer to responses to the article
Article “Speech and reading“ can be read here.
Dear readers! I undertook to answer your responses concerning the article “Speech and Reading“ not at once not because I ignore your opinion. I needed time to summarize and analyse them and it is better to respond to your extremely interesting remarks. In - the first, many thanks to all who spoke. The Internet of subjects is also good that it allows to gain quickly a complete and objective idea of reaction to article. It to you not “letters of workers“ which come to edition later half a year after an exit of the issue of the magazine.your statements I would divide
into three groups: abstractly - the indignant exclamations, constructive remarks and specific questions.
we Will understand at first with the first. Contrary to opinion of the Woman Nyura, I did not forget that it to be young mother, to my younger son year and four months. He was born at home, and we live with three children in a two-room five-storey apartment block therefore I perfectly know what is it, “to be with the child right after childbirth in one room“, and at the same time to conduct economy, to pay attention to the husband and to care for the senior children. No grandmothers help me. When my oldest daughter was born, I studied on the second year of a filfak of MSU and was forced to continue very serious study and one to be engaged in the child (my husband did military service). In four months after the birth of the second daughter I began to work in the evenings so problems “mothers are careerists“ to me too are familiar not by hearsay.
Of course, I far learned to find not at once golden mean between a family and career and the way in education of children had to be looked for a trial and error method, neither courses, nor literature on early development, nor grants then were yet, there is nobody was to consult; early development, except Nikitinykh then practically nobody was engaged. I was tired of infinite feedings and decantations too, did not learn yet that there is no need to be decanted absolutely and did not learn to feed babies between times in “kengurushka“. Happened, as my children slept badly, were capricious, but it did not prevent us to do early reading, swimming and music though at that time it was still not really - that and it is fashionable. So in vain Tanya and Lisa reproach me with blind imitation fashion. A problem at all not in lack of time (see Lena Danilova`s article “Where to take time?“ ). I agree that it is possible to be engaged with the kid and one or two hours a day. The main thing - what your priorities. If children - the center of your world if you enjoy their society if you lead the general with them life, together you study and you create if it is interesting to you to be engaged with them, then you by all means will find for them time even at the most intense schedule, and at you surely everything will turn out. Well, and if you are engaged with the kid just because so it is necessary, fashionably, there is a wish that the kid was best of all, and actually you are weighed upon these occupations, then, certainly, how many time you spent for them, to sense will be a little even if your kid also will begin to speak, write or play a violin before neighbour`s children.Should tell
that, contrary to opinion of one of dear readers, I not only many times re-read article, but in general worked on it very seriously, weighing each word as the subject on which I dared to speak, seems to me extremely important, and heated discussion in conference only strengthened me in this thought. Well, and as for the style of article which seemed too graceful to the Saffron milk cap, in - the first, I thank for an appreciation, and in - the second, it would be strange to write about problems of the speech and language kondovo - chopped phrases. For Marina D. Zamechu that I criticize nobody, “having united in one big “we“. In - the first, I, as well as all other, made and sometimes I continue to make mistakes in education of children and therefore I do not seek to go in for groundless criticism at all, I want to stop on typical parental mistakes rather. In - the second, being a philologist, the teacher and the publicist, I feel responsible for problems of that society which member I am. By the way, with logic, contrary to opinion of dear Yasi, at me in university years everything was normal, studied and had excellent marks.we will pass
to constructive criticism Now. I completely agree with Katya that the Internet is a reservation highbrow. But why, including yourself elite of society, you from a threshold sweep aside discussion of a problem of degeneration of the nation in general? Certainly, me it is very pleasant that so many parents seriously are engaged in early development, and I wanted to share the experience with them and I hope that my modest councils will a little facilitate to someone life. But, besides, I wanted to discuss, exactly to discuss, but not to make scandal with transition on the personality, those problems which accept nature of the real disaster today.you can ask
: and how it concerns us, inhabitants of an intellectual reservation? If you believe that you and your children will be able to exist in it, without adjoining to the outside world in any way, then, certainly, it is possible and to wave on it a hand. But your children will read books with typographical errors (The saffron milk cap fairly is indignant with it); their school teachers will write that they “have no homework“ and “bad calligraphy of letters“ on the TV they will hear the tongue-tied speech, and in the yard will begin to play with badly speaking peers. Degradation of society in general, decrease in an intellectual level by all means will affect, to a greater or lesser extent, and I.Q. of your children. On an old Soviet habit we consider that our business - the party. But until the problems mentioning all society begin to be discussed by his citizens, nobody will begin to solve them because those who are urged by it to be engaged as obliges are concerned generally by questions of own improvement. And society, sorry for banality, it also is we.the educated parents read to
In our elite reserve of Internet users the most advanced pedagogical literature. But ninety nine percent of parents (I have no statistics, but I regularly conduct surveys) still hardly swaddle children, feed them according to the schedule and keep in beds and arenas. And for this absolute majority the book of doctor Spock recommending not to indulge children excessive tendernesses remains “The bible for parents“ still and less often to take them on hands.With the advanced literature too everything is not simple
. Really there is a lot of it, so there is a lot of that to the nonspecialist in it just right to get confused. What, by the way, is noticeable by a remark of Luda who read Domana, but for some reason decided that when the kid receives a freedom of movement, he stops development of the speech. Though the greatest merit of Doman is that he theoretically proved communication between development of physical and speech activity of the child (the quicker motive functions develop, the top departments of a brain are formed more intensively and the better the speech develops).
Considerable part of responses are made by remarks on a subject:“ We were engaged in nothing and began to speak in a year and seven“ or, on the contrary, “All of us did exactly as you write, and started talking only in two and four“. Actually, as many readers, development of the speech - process deeply individual fairly believe: girls on average begin to speak before boys, phlegmatic persons after sanguine persons, experimenters begin to mutter early and incoherently, working equipment of the speech in practice, analysts keep mum for the time being, accumulating information, and then begin to speak phrases at once. A problem at all not in it, and that in weight the age when children begin to speak increased. Alas, also the children who started talking after three when actually it is necessary to sound alarm are considered as “norm option“ now and to begin intensive treatment. Vot and Masha notices to Mara that early the speaking child (with whom Mara is just a lot of and seriously was engaged) rather an exception, than the rule.
Nobody urges to force process and to artificially stimulate the speech though I do not agree at all with Ira who considers that the early speech can do much harm to mentality of the child; feedback is rather possible: emotional children with fragile nervous system are in great need in communication and often begin to speak before peers. I do not think, Ira that your problems with stutter were connected with what you early exorcized. And I cannot understand at all where Masha managed to read about the fact that peasants in the Russian villages considered that at early the started talking children there were heavy antecedents. For the first time in life I hear that in the Russian village believed in resettlement of souls, and I taught many years mythology and ethnography.cannot force to be spoken to
of the Child earlier, than at it the relevant departments of a brain will ripen. But the speech is preceded by the huge period of passive perception of language which begins in a womb: in a brain communications between neurons develop, than their is more - the intelligence is higher and, respectively, the speech of the child is better. The period of formation of these communications is limited, it is slowed down after one and a half years and practically comes to the end by three years. If during this period the child for any reasons appears out of the language environment, in a brain irreversible processes begin, and the child will never be able already to seize the human speech in full. Therefore - and it was one of the main ideas of my article - very important that during active growth of a brain the kid appeared in the richest language environment.
Here, by the way, and Svetlana noticed that her daughter long enough did not tell, and then at once began “to read verses which heard three months ago“. Means, all - needed to be read these verses, and they affected something? In general, judging by your responses, at mothers who talked to kids much about one year, read and sang them children began to speak much earlier. The example of Luda who was engaged much with the kid who had a brain dysfunction is especially indicative, and he began to speak in time and well.
Of course, it is not necessary “to talk all day a blue streak“. Moreover, I am sure that even the tiniest children need absolutely to remain alone with themselves and to independently learn the world. Oleg`s mother (unfortunately, she was not presented) absolutely correctly does that reads and plays with the kid only when he wants it. It is, actually, many, just at such small children the attention very quickly switches: sometimes “lesson“ can last several minutes or even seconds, but it is not necessary to think that it does not bring benefit: the gained experience surely “will earn“ in several days or several months.
we will stop Now on questions which, unfortunately, was less, than it would be desirable. Olya asks why her senior daughter spoke better, than the younger son. This widespread phenomenon in families, where between children a small age difference: children well understand each other without words, the senior works as the translator for the kid, and that has no need to come into independent contact with adults
do not know, the same or other Olya worries that her daughter, though early began to speak, still (I do not know, how old is she) does not read. It is not terrible at all. The age at which children begin to read independently is very individual: from two to nine years. It depends also on readiness of a brain, and on specific features of character, and on health: the child can have not really good sight, migraines. To the kid who loves that read to him aloud, can seem that when he learns to read itself, adults will cease to read to him (it cannot be done at all!) .
Tatyana from America is interested in problems of the bilingual environment. Tanya, I do not know what books on this subject are, I think that it will be simpler to find in their America. But you arrive perfectly, seeking to create a dominant of the native language at the child. It is better that years to three until the kid completely masters the native language, it adjoined to another less: the last psycholinguistic researches show that the bilingualism slows down development of some thin psychological processes in small children. Living in the English-speaking environment, the kid will instantly learn then English.in conclusion I will answer with
to my most active opponent, the Saffron milk cap. Than filmstrips it is better than comics, it is the picture with the signature too? The difference is that in the filmstrip, as well as in the book, the picture illustrates a fragment of the coherent text, without breaking its dynamics and internal logic: you leaf through the page or overwind a shot and continue the narration. On the contrary, the comic book is a set of the pictures supplied with signatures, and is more often the “bubbles“ representing the speech of the character (sometimes it is even not the speech, but certain inarticulate interjections). These are as if the separate units of information not united in the uniform text.“ Reading“ comics does not develop the speech of the child and slows down formation text thinking without which normal training at school is impossible. Arguments about “forbidden fruit“ are extremely dangerous. Dreams of the child will hardly be limited to comics why to us then at once not to allow children to drink beer, to smoke, read pornographic magazines and to watch thrillers? On that there is also a family to form a certain moral and cultural paradigm at the child. Also believe that the child accustomed at home to good literature, the real serious cinema, talented painting will very quickly grow cold to poor hand-made articles of mass culture when he faces them at school or in the yard.
Ya it completely agrees with the Saffron milk cap that we stopped only on one tiny side of a problem of a delay of the speech and total illiteracy at children. Of course, it is possible to add both the general nevrotization of society, and bad quality of the published books, and problems with health, and illiteracy of school teachers. But we, perhaps, should deal at least with the fact that in our forces, and there, you look, we will reach also other aspects of this really incredibly complex and many-sided problem.