Curling Stounz of
the International Olympic Committee does not cease to surprise us. At the beginning of the Olympic Movement the program of the first Olympic Games included croquet mass at that time, however already at the next Olympic Games in 1904 it was excluded from the program. Not so long ago someone from the management of the Olympic committee suggested to exclude from the program of summer games modern or as spoke earlier, officer pentathlon. After end of the Olympic Games in Athens of 2004 requirements of the public to exclude from the program of the Olympic Games sports with value judgment which darlings many artistic and rhythmic gymnastics, a diving, synchronized swimming and a dressage were among began to sound again. It is still unknown what reciprocal actions of the Olympic committee will be, this requirement is based on the scandals which became frequent recently connected with refereeing errors.
In my opinion, fans of the planet were most of all surprised when they at the Winter Olympic Games in Nagano of 1998 saw athletes who rolled on ice a heavy stone and with shouts “Hurry!“ swung before it brooms. The sportswoman pushed with the easy, graceful movement a stone for the line of start, and the most interesting began further: cheerful and desperate shouts of “sviper“, feverish work as brooms, slowly sliding stone similar to the iron … All this the stone got to a circle, nacherchenny on ice.
After the Winter Olympic Games of 1998 to very few people curling known before began to find popularity and now it is not considered an exotic sport.history has some
For certain is known to much that curling arose in Scotland, but not all know that its history contains more than five hundred years. The name of game comes from the English word curl - “spiral“, “curl“ as often the stone rotates, sliding on ice. Thus, “curling“ is literally transferred as “curling“, “turning“. For the first time curling is mentioned in literature in 1511. There is even an engraving of that time with the image of the stone which is started up on ice. It is unknown what inspired then Scots to invent such extraordinary sport. Once I happened to read such legend: several men wooed one woman at once. Without knowing to which of them to give preference - all were clever, strong and good themselves - the smart bride suggested them to compete in a puskaniye of irons on lake ice. Whose iron will pass further, that also will become her elect. At competition there was all districts, and residents of the village very liked this game. And there was a curling. It is unknown whether this history is truthful, however other versions of an origin of this sport at the moment are not available.
Eventually game underwent considerable changes, and there was not soon that its option which we observe at competitions now. First athletes used the stones which fell from mountains, and tried to select stones of approximately identical size and weight. Stones had no handles, they were replaced by the deepenings formed at a stone otlamyvaniye from the rock. The first handles appeared in 1775, then stones began to grind, giving them the round form. In 1838 for fans of curling the first-ever Royal Caledonian Club was created, rules of the game were in details developed and the sizes and a form of stones are standardized.to
It is interesting that in Moscow the first curling - the club was opened in more than hundred years ago, in 1893, by the English and German diplomats then in St. Petersburg there were two more clubs which existed prior to World War I. Further development of game in our country was interfered by revolution. In the mid-thirties in the Soviet Union tried to revive curling, however success had no this sport. Curling came to our country at the end of 80 again - x years, it was revived in St. Petersburg on the basis of the State Academy of Physical Culture of Lesgaft, and since 1991 the regular championships of Russia began to be held. But the real surge in interest in curling in our country began in 1998, after the Winter Olympic Games memorable to all kerler of the world.
of the Rule of the game in curling
In curling is played on the rectangular platform the size 38,41kh4,75m. At the end of the platform the “house“ representing four concentric circles is located. In “house“ its center (tee point) is designated. On other end of the platform there is a line of blocks from which throws of stones are made.
In game are used by round granite stones (stones) with the handle attached to them from above. Otherwise they are called by bits. The weight of stones is limited to rules - if to be absolutely exact, no more than 91,96 kg - and also their size is regulated. Strangely enough, happens that in the course of game stones face and break. In that case the new stone is put on the location of the largest splinter of the broken stone.
In team are played by four persons, they are called “skip“, “third“, “second“ and “leading“. The skip is a captain, the main strategist and tactics. It defines from what point the throw of a stone will be made and properly to grate ice. The skip not only operates actions of players, but also in a disputable situation conducts negotiations with a skip of team of rivals and will coordinate quantity of the points received by teams. The skip has a deputy - vice-a skip which functions are carried out by the third player.
Start of a stone on ice is called a throw. The leader throws two stones the first, then stones are thrown by the second, then the third, game is finished by a skip. The throw is carried out as follows: throwing becomes the right leg on ice, left leans on a block and makes a start from it, holding the stone handle in the right hand. In case of need it is possible to give to a stone rotation. It for right-handed persons. The throw is made for lefthanders on the contrary. Such is in general scheme of a throw, there is also a set of other ways. The sole of the right boot slides that allows to pass several meters on ice together with a stone. Before the near test line it is necessary to let out a stone, and further it goes by inertia.
At this moment other players who are not occupied with throwing of stones grate ice with special brushes or whisks. It is called “sviping“, or “to svipovat“. During a sviping ice slightly melts, and the thin sheet of water helps a stone to continue the movement, besides from a way of a stone thus clean the small parts capable to slow down it. The skip at the same time the end of the brush shows to players where the stone has to aspire. By the way, the sviping becomes not for stimulation of interest of the audience in game and at all not in order that as spoke in one American comedy, “to pretend as if something becomes“. By means of a sviping it is possible not only to accelerate or slow down sliding of a stone, but even slightly to change its trajectory. The Sviping can be carried out only before a moving stone, and the movements of brushes should not become at all parallel to its course but only across it, and it is obligatory in both parties. During rubbing of ice it is impossible to concern a stone brush to exclude pushing it in the necessary part of “house“. Generally, athletes study a sviping long time and are constantly improved.
Participating in game the stone which crossed the test line located on the end of the platform, opposite to blocks, except for cases when it concerns other stone which crossed the line is considered. The started stone can beat out enemy stones out of house limits, however collision with a stone of the team is forbidden.the Match in curling is played by
in ten and (ends), in each of which to teams points are added. In each and 16 stones, on 8 stones on each team are played. The system of counting of points is quite difficult that here to give it; I will tell only that to team about one point for the stone located in “house“ is charged, and the stones located to a point of the center of “house“ are closer, than the opponent`s stones. If it is not possible to define exact advantage of one stone before another “by eye“, the special measuring device is used.by
in case of equal quantity of points at both teams upon completion of the tenth and carries out the eleventh extra - and for final definition of the winner.
In rules of curling the set of norms on a case of various disputable situations which in game meet much is. In general curling - game not so much on force and dexterity, like team games with a ball (yes fans of basketball and other games will not take offense at me!) how many strategic, it is even called chess on ice.Persons interested to get acquainted with rules can make by
it on the websites www closer. curling. ru (website of Russian Curling Federation), www. uni - vologda. ac. ru, www. curling. nm. ru, www. curling. h10. ru.Kerlera`s
have even the terminology for designation of various game receptions. For example, teyk - the miss (take - out) is the strong throw made with the purpose to beat out an enemy stone from “house“. Tep - bek (tap - back) - a throw by means of which move the stone which is let out earlier in a certain point. And what in language of kerler means “to skipidarit“? You correctly guessed: it means to be a skip.by
Workers of the broom and a stone
World federation of curling developed the code “Spirit of curling“ (“The Spirit of Curling“). In it it is said that not only it is pleasant to observe a good throw, in it long-term traditions of game are also shown. The true kerler plays for a prize, but not for humiliation of the rival, and therefore will prefer to lose rather, than dishonestly to win. In this game the attention from players therefore it is impossible to distract them during game at all has very important role. The spirit of game demands from the player of manifestation of true physicality, friendliness and mutual respect, both on ice, and out of it. The reservation which is contained in the Code is interesting: if the athlete violated any rule or tradition, and then realized it, then even if violation remained unnoticed, he is obliged to notify on it judges and a skip of the team. It is made, in my opinion, not only of justice reasons, but also in order to avoid emergence on the platform of difficult situations.by
Annually hold the man`s and female World Cups “The silver broom“ and the championships among juniors (young men and girls). Less large competitions are held not only command, but also between the clubs exposing several teams. By the way, on an emblem of the Russian Federation of curling the big stone painted in colors of the Russian flag and the small broom and a brush are represented.
I Hope, someone from readers became interested in this unusual sport and wants to try to play curling independently. In that case I give several addresses of sports clubs where it is possible to be engaged in game in curling:
- Curling - Planet of Ice club, m. Domodedovo, Voronezhskaya St., www. curlingclub. ru
- of EShVSM “Muscovite“, m “Tekstilshchiki“, Volgograd pr - t, 46 / 15, t. 178 - 34 - 74, 178 - 75 - 18
- of DYuSSh No. 10, m“ River station“, Zelenograd, Ozernaya Avenue, 46, t. 534 - 23 - 02, 534 - 71 - 86
If you do not dream victories at the international competitions, it is quite possible to work for own pleasure. For game in curling you need special equipment which can be acquired in the Internet - shops. The clothes have to be warm (do not forget that even on an indoor ice rink it is cool), but not holding down the movement. Woolen trousers and the knitted vest which is put on over not really thick sweater will be ideally suited. Special requirement is imposed to footwear: the sole of one boot has to be sliding, and another - nonskid. In club it is possible to hire special nozzles for footwear, called “slider“ and “anti-slider“. If you the right-handed person, the sliding nozzle (slider), has to be on the right leg as the left leg it is necessary to make a start at start of a stone, and right - to slide. Still you need a special brush or the broom. Brushes happen several types: with a bristle, with a sponge, and also changing a tilt angle of working part. Perhaps, someone from readers remembered Harry Potter and the flying brooms.
Unfortunately, now in Russia do not have the kerler capable to make the real competition to foreign athletes. But curling already begins to gain popularity in our country, and therefore we will hope that in the near future our national team will be able to compete as equals to teams of such countries as Canada and Great Britain where curling not just has the traditions and schools, but also is a mass sport.