Exercises for the children experiencing difficulties by the letter of
First and the most important - strengthening of a humeral belt. It for those children who by the letter stoop is drawn in by legs under themselves, prop up the head, lean on a back of a chair or lean a breast on a table.
- the Child gets up on hunkers, to it put a puzzle piece on a back (or any other not heavy thing). The child bears it from one end of the room in another.
B than the main thought - to the child with a weak humeral belt and a back usually difficult long to hold a straight line back. It either will bend it, or will curve. Existence on a back of a subject of which it is necessary to inform will keep him from it.can be collected by
In such state, for example, a simple puzzle. Each piece is brought separately. It is possible to put on a back of a part of “Lego“, to gather, say, 10, and then to construct of them something. It is possible to begin with 4 - 5 “passes“ for time.
- we Are on all fours, in turn raising a leg, a hand, an opposite leg and a hand. We try to keep balance, on the account (at first, say, it is necessary to hold on, counting up to three, then it is gradually possible to add).
- Drawings on a wall - to the child is given a sheet of paper and a felt-tip pen. He draws standing, having attached the sheet to a wall, holds him, the second hand. To do - how many will not bother. It is worth drawing simple things. At the seeming simplicity it it is not so simple to do exercises long.
- “Wheelbarrow“. The child gets up on all fours, the adult takes him for anklebones and the child “goes on hands“. It is possible to put size which the child will force down on the room. Difficult exercise. If the child obviously bends a back - take him not for anklebones, and for knees, hips etc. One more option of the “wrong“ performance - the child “develops in half“, buttocks up.
Strengthening big and a forefinger for the correct continence of a pencil
the Child can or it is wrong to hold a pencil, or is just too weak, or to be tired quickly of the letter, to write more slowly than others. Except strengthening of a humeral belt it is worth strengthening also fingers. The correct position of fingers at a continence of a small subject (respectively, the handle or a pencil) - big and a forefinger have to form a ring.
Wrong options :
- the child holds a subject with two fingers, the thumb is pressed to outer side of index; are not bent by
- of a phalanx of fingers, and are straightened (usually, it is the third phalanx index or the second phalanx big, or both that, and another).
- Plasticine - is very good
. For a start just it is useful to rumple plasticine in hands, to roll differently, to roll, for example, a sausage on a table or to roll a sphere two hands.
body weight for a plasticine razmyatiya - will lean all over. So still my daughter does. Rolling a ball between palms, she likes to record elbows on a table too, otherwise quickly is tired. It is in that case better not to do these exercises at a table, and to put the child on a stool before itself and to show it exercise - to roll a ball between palms, to make it before itself, over the head, to squeeze this ball between palms, to roll between palms a sausage etc.
the Problem in this case such is that the child ceases to perceive it as game, he begins to see in it “exercise“. It is necessary to find ways “to arrange“ it as game.
- Second - “we press a snake“.
the long sausage is made Of plasticine. It is put on a table or a sheet of paper. The child goes on length of “snake“ and squeezes it two fingers - big and index. At connection of these two fingers they have to form a ring.
- Rain. From a piece of plasticine small pieces are pinched off, pasted on a leaf of a color cardboard in the form of “rain drops“. From above the cloudlet is drawn, picture is ready!
for younger children with the low level of a self-assessment concerning drawing and manual skills. These are those children who do not like to draw, glue, do hand-made articles, etc. The result leaves evident, simple.
When the child pinches off plasticine - too it is worth watching that it does it index and a thumb, and together they form a ring.
- Tweezers - can allow to the child to transfer small objects by means of tweezers. For example, small balls from fur fabric or small beads.
Ya various pictures with children, on the sheet of color paper glue is smeared, the child takes balls tweezers and pastes them on a leaf of a cardboard. The tweezers undertake two fingers too - index and big.the Beads - if manipulations with plasticine and tweezers are still complicated
- (the effort is required), and the child is not able to carry out them correctly (fingers a ring) - it is worth going down on lower level and to try to achieve the correct position of fingers (that “ring“) in threading of beads on a wire, games with matches (we will tell, to put pictures from matches and to glue on paper, it, by the way, can be done also by tweezers). I successfully have a haricot - we do pictures of the haricot pasted on a color cardboard - white and brown, it turns out very beautifully and originally.
of Exercise on development of small manipulations in a palm. There are two ways of a continence of a pencil during the drawing and the letter - dynamic and static.
Static - during the drawing and the letter the child holds a pencil, phalanxes of fingers are not mobile, the main movement comes from a wrist.
Dynamic - at letter / drawing a wrist not movably, phalanxes of fingers move. In ideal option all phalanxes, including the most distant move (closest to finger-tips). The dynamic way more “adult“, has to appear to years to five - five and a half. Years in six it is already desirable. In seven - it is necessary.
of Exercise for development of small dynamics in a palm
- of the Coin. To give to the child in a hand 3 - 4 coins. It has to, holding all coins in a palm, to spread on a table ON ONE. At undeveloped manipulations of a coin will fall as it will be difficult to it to move one fingers, squeezing others and to shift coins in a palm, without helping other hand, a body etc.
- Haricot - the small bottle from - under stakes undertakes. In it haricot by layers - brown - white is gathered. It turns out very beautifully. The child takes 3 - 4 fasolina in a hand, gradually lowers them on one in a bottle. It is possible to add and the third layer - I added hummus grain (in Russia the Iranian peas or the Turkish peas are called, in my opinion). It is possible and just peas, but it is better large. To encourage the child to lower on one and that haricot did not spill.
- of “Walk“ on a pencil. The child takes a pencil (it is desirable long) in a hand, takes it usually, but for the tip, and tries one hand without the aid of another and, without putting a pencil on a table, “to reach“ the opposite end and back.
generally, with any small objects it is possible to play by the same principle - several objects on a table, the child collects them on one in a palm, then on one displays. It is worth beginning with 3, sometimes even 2 objects. More than six already you should not give. Coins, buttons, large haricot, beads (not small beads) will approach.
We with the daughter are engaged in it for about a month. Daily for 5 minutes on each “subject“. Results already are - handwriting is considerably corrected, in a class began to write quicker, is in time more.