Let`s be trained!
are written and told About training of children for school much. Psychologists speak, teachers say, parents say, and their opinions not always coincide. In shops of an eye run up from the number of books, grants in which names large letters selected the same words:“ preparation for school“.
What parents of future first grader put in concept of preparation and what it has to be?
What means “it is ready to training“?
Unfortunately, in recent years substitution of concept of readiness for school happened. It is not wine of parents, but trouble. The school which by definition is urged to learn waits for the children who are already trained convenient for itself and exposes those requirements which suit it, but not the child.Telling
generally, that child for whom school loadings will not be too intense neither in psychological, nor in the intellectual plan is ready to training at school and will not worsen its health. whether
Can be sure, the child what reading, knowing names of all continents of Earth, brand of cars and names of all heroes of popular animated films will be successful in school? At all not.
Progress in study depends much more on desire and ability to study, abilities to see communications of the phenomena, regularities, on desire to understand, understand why as, why, than from early ability to read and a stock of separate encyclopedic data.
the Child has to understand and accept a role of the pupil, submit to the general school requirements and requirements of the teacher.All this
means that it will be ready to accept not game, but study as the training activity. It is necessary to be able to concentrate for rather long time, to keep attention, not to distract, listen to the teacher, to be able to sit out the whole lesson, to find a common language with schoolmates. has to be p> What
of the General for all children of “preparation for school“ does not exist. One year prior to school consultation of the psychologist will be not so superfluous. It is necessary to carry out the comprehensive analysis of development of the child to allocate zones of risk and to define strategy of preparatory occupations.
Preparation for school has to be such that it prepared for school of your child, considered specific features of his development. The program of preparation has to be under construction taking into account its strong and weaknesses.If you are ready to write down
the child in group of preparation for school, then first of all define for yourself that it is necessary for your child what you wait from occupations for and whether your requirements coincide with what will occur on occupations.
Preparation for school should not replace with itself 1 - y a class. To help to adapt to conditions and orders of school - here the real problem of preparatory classes which are created at schools. It has nothing in common with coaching of preschool children according to the school program.
Aspiration to make of preschool groups pass - the first class leads to the fact that, on statistical data, more than 70% of the children who were trained in a preschool gymnasium do not want to go to school.
It. At the expense of what there is any artificial acceleration in development or training? Due to mobilization of all resources of an organism of the child that can lead to intellectual and physical exhaustion, a nervous breakdown. Especially negatively intensity of any sort influences sluggish children.
Avoid overloads! Optimum loading for the preschool child - occupations in group of preparation for school 2 times a week on one and a half - two hours, are desirable in the first half of day. Unfortunately, occupations not always take place near the house, is very frequent - in the second half of day. If the child by their beginning is already tired, then it is a little advantage of such occupations. Classes of the house can be given every day, their duration should not exceed 20 - 30 minutes, and they have to be systematic.
the Administration of preschool gymnasiums often tries to attract parents with a large number of various occupations which general duration thus increases till three o`clock and more. It is a lot of. In this case parents have to have an option: what classes to attend and what to refuse.
With whom and where to be engaged?
In children`s club? Privately with the teacher? In preparatory groups at school?
It is not the room, and in experts who in any establishment will do the part.
“Pluses“ of occupations in groups at school is an opportunity to see school and its everyday life, so to speak, from within, an opportunity to get acquainted with future teacher, and for the child - to get used to a surrounding situation. Especially important it for overwhelming part of house children who did not attend kindergarten.
Desire of many parents that with their child were engaged by all means individually, not always reasonably.
It is valid, at individual occupation all attention of the teacher is directed to one child. But at the same time the child is intense as he has to be in a condition of constant attention, and it is very difficult.
based on long-term practice, I see that it is much more productive than occupation in small group (4 - 5 people). At such number of children of my attention is enough for all, I see everyone and I can help everyone in time. On the other hand, my attention is distributed evenly, and children feel less tensely, learn to cooperate, hear each other that too is one of components of readiness for school.
If such opportunity and need are, it is possible to combine occupations in group with individual occupations.to Teach
you noticed that, speaking about readiness for school training, I do not speak about training of the preschool child, for example, to reading at all? Whether it is necessary to teach it?
Ya it is far from the statement that to school cannot teach children to be read. It is quite good if the child is able to read to school. Important only, what price gave it this ability. It was desire of the child or aspiration of parents “not to lose face“?
the Typical mistake of parents just consists that they begin training of the child in reading (or to other elements of the school program) with the strong-willed decision, disregarding the level of its development.
When the inquisitive, lively child with the developed thinking and the speech reaches for training in reading or very much is interested in figures, the account, of course, it is necessary to maintain its interest, to help it to learn. Training in that case will be quite pertinent.
But if parents undertake this work, then they have to have a certain knowledge of techniques of training and have to be sure that at the child the correct skill will be created. If there is no such confidence, it is better to address experts.
Happens so that the child did not ripen, it is not ready and, respectively, does not strive for these school abilities. In this case artificial training will be violence.
As if and not preparation at all
In our usual house life many moments which rightfully can be considered as preparation for school and which naturally fit into life of any family exist.
of Walk, skates, skis, swimming - everything that strengthens health, is very important for future school life of the child. Encourage occupations which develop thinking, the imagination, motility: drawing, molding, designing, embroidery.
the best way to develop the speech, the attention, imagination, memory is to read to the child of the book. Read every day, read even if your child already himself is able to read. Your reading will not replace either viewing of animated films, or listening of cartridges.
Cooperate with the child, do not refuse his help in adult affairs: from repair of the crane to a molding of pelmeni. Be ready also to help if it is required.
Play games where there are accurate rules.
pay Special attention to desire of the child to learn new, to ability to communicate and find a common language with children and adults, abilities to overcome difficulties, to finish the begun business.
Not only about “high“
such important component of preparation for school which not always remember Is. It is household independence and skills of self-service, they will be necessary at school from the first day.should not forget
that the school is not only training, it also stay in it.
to be able to put on and undress in a school locker room, without losing scarfs and mittens, considering buttons and laces; to change clothes at physical education classes; to know purpose of a handkerchief, to use a public toilet; to have breakfast and clean up ware in school cafeteria; to put a portfolio, to quickly take necessary out of a briefcase; in time to go to bed and without efforts to rise etc.
This category of skills of stay in school is represented at the beginning to much more significant, than all what it was already told about. And do not train in it on special occupations - only in a family.If such skills are not created by
, then the beginning of school life of the child will be very difficult. whetherto
Needs children`s “preparation for school“ to parents?
As to children needs to try on on itself a role of the pupil, and parents need to be prepared for a role of parents of the first grader too.
If the child goes to “preparation for school“, attentive and observant parents can see and learn a lot of interesting and useful about the child.
Adaptation in group of peers, desire to study, acceptance (rejection) by the child of a role of the pupil, the attitude towards the teacher, organizational, practical skills - almost all difficulties it is possible to project for the beginning of future school life. There is an opportunity to correct them in advance.we Advise
| of |
to read: whether