How to choose a profession?Paraphrasing Confucius: if you make a hobby the profession, then you should not work any day in life. However, then you will have no hobby too. But there will be a business, it does not grieve them to devote all the forces and time. It is, of course, an ideal situation. But anyway the profession needs to be chosen so that then was not excruciatingly painful, sadly and boringly.
Prestige or love?
the Main mistake which is made by graduates and their parents, - choice of profession on the basis of momentary tendencies: fashions, prestige, wage level and amount of vacancies. In national memory those times when yesterday`s school students stormed economics and law departments are still live. And where today majority of them? Someone trained for a new profession and works in the specialty, having nothing in common neither with economy, nor with law. Someone frankly “drudges“ in very modest position and sits out at hated work from eight to five.
At the same time their schoolmates who did not follow the tastes of fashion succeed in absolutely, apparently, not prestigious professions. Why does that happen? You also will be able to answer: when it is interesting and pleasant to person to work - he devotes to work more time and directs it more than forces. It is more than time and forces - more experience and knowledge. It is more than experience and knowledge - career is better and the salary is higher.
Actually the scheme of job search of dream is extremely simple. Formulate for yourself answers to three questions:
- what occupation brings you the highest pleasure?
- what at you best of all turns out?
- what work will be able to bring in you the maximum income?
Somewhere in that area where answers to these questions are crossed, and it is necessary to look for your profession. And if all of you - are in confusion, professional orientation tests can prompt the answer.
of People - a question
One of the most widespread techniques means use differentsialno - the diagnostic questionnaire developed by the scientist - the psychologist Evgeny Klimov. It divided all professions into five groups depending on with what objects the person should interact in the activity.
Group “the person - the person“ - the professions assuming communication of the expert with other people. At representatives of this type communicative abilities are well developed, and in character the emotivny component is strong. Psychologists, teachers, doctors, translators are bright representatives of this group of professions.
Group “the person - the nature“ - the professions in one way or another connected with chemistry, physics, biology and other natural sciences. Representatives of this type can work in agriculture, the food industry, pharmacology, and also to be engaged in natural-science work.
Group “the person - the technician“ - the professions focused on development and any use of equipment. Plant, a workshop, the highway - here places where it is possible to find the people belonging to this category.
Group “the person - a sign“ - professions which representatives deal with figures, letters and other symbols, being engaged in processing of large volumes of information. How professions of the programmer and the economist seemed far from each other (you know about eternal opposition of “IT specialist“ and accountant?) they, nevertheless, belong to one category.
Group “the person - an image“ - professions, as a rule, connected with art. The actor, the director, the artist, the designer, the architect, the writer, the musician - all of them create artistic images, though everyone in own way.
The system looks very harmonous and clear. However when you begin to understand it, there are all new and new questions. To what, for example, categories, the journalist`s profession belongs? With what or with whom it interacts first of all - with symbols (“the person - a sign“) or with people (“the person - the person“)? And the infectiologist - the representative of group “the person - the person“ or “the person - the nature“? And the art teacher - that he has to be able first of all: to learn (“the person - the person“) or to draw (“the person - an image“)?
On closer examination it turns out that it is not enough to define a suitable profession - it is necessary to choose in it the correct specialization.
the Simple choice
in Russia gained Recently popularity John Holland`s technique. Its feature is that several tens couples of professions are offered to the person (for example “the agronomist - the teacher“, “the pediatrician - the tram driver“ etc.) and he needs to choose that work in which he would be engaged with bigger pleasure from each couple. As a result one of six types of the personality “is appropriated“ to the examinee.
The realistic type is described as stable and concrete, focused on the most “terrestrial“ professions. Such people prefer to deal with things and like to work hands. Here the most part of working professions, and also such specialties as the engineer and the technologist belongs.
The research type differs in absence of need for communication with people. The person of this stamp likes to study problems per se, to be engaged in scientific activity - that is to conduct any researches. Respectively, most often representatives of this type can be met in the scientific environment.
The artistic type is, people whom it is accepted to call creative specialists now. They do not transfer monotonous, routine activity, in them the aspiration to self-expression is big. And, by the way, the physical activity is contraindicated to them. People of an artistic warehouse find the recognition in the field of art and culture.
The social type , as appears from the name, is focused on communication. People of this kind perfectly interact with people around - colleagues, partners, clients … They well developed verbal abilities, they easily come into contacts and establish relations. “Social“ professions - the doctor, the teacher, the secretary, the seller and so on.
Enterprise type - a basis of any private business. The self-assured, inclined to fight and risk, able to make decisions and to work in uncertain situations - representatives of this group are that. Businessmen, heads, and also representatives of the professions assuming independent activity and, perhaps, frequent practice or freelance (the lawyer, the journalist, the politician, etc.) treat this type, naturally, .
The conventional type unites people who prefer the system, structured activity, it is desirable connected with figures - statistical data, exchange rates, stock quotations and other accurate indicators. Representatives of this group do not love uncertainty, appreciate the public status and adhere to the conservative principles. Such people can be met among accountants, bank employees, economists.
It is interesting that Holland`s system allows the person to make own “rating“ of psychotypes to consider not one aspect of the personality, and at once a little. And as representatives of conventional type know, the it is more than basic data - the it is easier to solve a problem. Even if you treat other type.