Finland. What is modern Oulu interesting by?Since foundation of the city of Oulu passed more than 400 years. The first documentary mention of the Swedish trade settlement with the name Owla is dated 1370 - m year. In 1605 the Swedish king Karl XI in the picturesque place in the mouth of the river of Oyluyoki, that that flows into the Gulf of Bothnia of the Baltic Sea, disposed to found the settlement.
It dynamically developed. In five years, in 1610, the settlement was granted the status of the city. The modern name of the city comes from the Lappish word designating “high water“. The city was famous for trade in tar, wood pitch and a salmon who became the first source of the income of inhabitants. The salmon is represented on a municipal coat of arms also today. Pitch was required for the sailing ships and was well exported to England and Holland.
In 1612 the first school is open here, in 1724 - the m is constructed port, and in 1765 Oulu acquired the right for international trade and in the second half of the 18th century became the center of shipbuilding. In the 19th century the era of sailing vessels ended, the wood extracted and processed by residents was useful for production of newspaper and writing paper. So the era of paper and chemical industry began.
As a part of the Russian Empire (The Grand duchy Finnish) Oulu was from 1809 to 1917 when Finland gained independence. But the few know that under the terms of the Orekhovetsky peace treaty of 1323 (between Novgorod and Sweden) Oulu already was a part of possession of Veliky Novgorod, and in 1377 under the new agreement departed to the Swedish crown.
Today it is the city of advanced technologies, the regional center of scientific researches which results on advantage are estimated in many countries of the world. Here came from far away to study in the oldest lyceum of Northern Finland. Here the Scandinavia`s first science and technology park (1979), university (1959), the main cultural institutions and arts - theater was open, the museum of Fine Arts and a regional orchestra are also founded in 1960 - e years of the 20th century.
The Oulu university is represented today by 16 000 students and 3000 research associates - teachers of the higher school. Cultural education in Finland officially is part of basic school education. Training at schools (and also food) is free.
Having visited Oulu, you notice essential distinctions between education systems of Russia and Finland. The Finnish students are focused on independent studying of objects, is noticeable that they enjoy life and between all this manage also to study. The Finnish traditions are that: in Oulu do not apply for an ideal and do not calm down on reached, consider that it is even possible to find “minuses“ in the best. Also treat it quietly. On the example of Oulu university the saying “is confirmed study less - more know“ - in the most positive sense of these concepts.
The basic principles of communication in society which surprised me in Oulu: equality, identity, practicality, trust, voluntariness, independence. Here young citizens are trained not for examinations, and for successful life. Therefore long traditions in education, the well-known university center, an annual festival of children`s and youth cinema, and also a theater festival, dynamically developing international projects and communications, active work with twin-cities (Arkhangelsk - since 1993, etc.) - all this attracts to the young developing city of advanced technologies of investment and attention of world community.
Traditions connect Oulu with Russia and at the state level. Since September 29, 2014 Oulu will accept in the walls the XV Rossiysko - the Finnish cultural forum on which more than 300 delegates from two countries will gather. Creative workshops and projects, various culture of the northern region will be presented, these are given an impulse and give support to official cultural cooperation. Finns hide nothing and impart experience with pleasure.