Rus Articles Journal

What to look in Krakow at? The royal road of

From Vavel to a main square conducts Korolevskaya Road. Or rather, in this place it comes to an end, but if you began acquaintance to the city with the lock, then it is possible to go to other party. Now it is the pedestrian zone where vacationers slowly walk, there go carriages and tourist engines.

To old times on this road really there went kings, and prosperous citizens tried to build the houses closer. As - in any way the place prestigious. Along the road pretty often historical monuments. If to go forward, then having passed by several churches, you will come to the square.

The market square long since was main in the city. Poles call it just the Market (Rynek Gluvny). In olden days it was divided into ranks where handicraftsmen sold the goods - bread, salt, fish, coal, ware and many other things. Here - buildings of the Town hall and Sukennitsa (medieval malls). It is also possible to go down in the interesting museum - vaults of the Market. The main exhibition is called “Traces of the European self-identification of Krakow“. In the museum - there are a lot of multimedia screens where it is possible to learn about city history.

A specific place is held by a majestic Mariatsky church. Many tourists wait when on a tower the trumpeter plays. And it plays each hour. Mariatskgo`s tower of a church is open for visit, but there to get, usually it is necessary to stand in a queue. It is necessary to come in a church. It is divided into zones for tourists and those who came to pray. The main property - an altar and stained-glass windows. Walls were painted by the famous artists - Pole Jan Mateyko, Venetians Pittone and Tepola. In the evenings in a church it is possible to listen to a concert of an organ music, and it is absolutely free.

Opposite to the Mariatsky church the monument to Adam Mickiewicz towers. Originally it was established in 1898 in honor of 100 - the anniversaries since the birth of the writer, but in the years of war, unfortunately, was destroyed. Now we see only the restored copy. This place where Cracovians usually make appointment.

Mateyki Square is called in honor of the famous Polish artist Jan Mateyko. But here a monument not to it, and the king Vladislav Yagello, the winner of fight near Gryunvald in 1410. Behind a monument - Saint Florean`s church. The cult of relics of Saint Florean was of great importance in life of citizens. Some time Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II was the vicar of a church.

Nearby there is a Barbican - a defensive bastion with a diameter nearly 25 meters, with a width of walls up to 3 meters. It was constructed at the end of the 15th century as protection against invasion of the Turkish troops. From here repeatedly beat off attacks of enemies. Now in summertime the Barbican is used as a concert venue.

It is also worth glancing in the Jewish quarter. History of the Polish Jews in Krakow has deep roots. Jews lodged on Kazimezhe in the middle of the 14th century and lived separately up to the 19th century. Then they began to lodge also in other quarters. The rabbi who submitted only to the king was the main thing. The special culture and color of this area was through many centuries created. The synagogue to Ram is the center of the Polish Jews. It was constructed in the 16th century and works up to now. In Krakow there is the Wailing Wall - part of a wall of the Jewish cemetery on Sherokaya Street.

Prior to World War II Jews made 25% of the population, and it was more than 60 thousand people. In the years of war the sad fate of Jews became a subject for many works of art and movies. The well-known movie “Schindler`s List“ was shot on the basis of real historical events, and many scenes were shot on streets Kazimezha. The film director Roman Polanski was one of survivors in the Krakow ghetto. It described the childhood in memoirs “Novel“. Annually in Krakow the Festival of the Jewish culture is held.

In Krakow there is also big museum of the Japanese art of Manggkh. It was based in 1920 when the Krakow writer and collector Felix Yasensky reported the collection from 6500 objects of the Japanese art to the National museum. In due time young Andrzej Wajda saw a collection and was subdued by it. Now it is not just the museum, but also the center of the Japanese culture where Japanese courses, a tea ceremony, art of an ikebana work.

Chartoryysky` museum is considered one of the best in Europe. There is a collection of works of art, gobelins, ware, the weapon. Among the known pictures - “The lady with an ermine“ of Leonardo da Vinci and “A landscape with the merciful Samaritan“ of Rembrandt.

Except historical and cultural sights in Krakow there are also other entertainments. For example, the Krakow aquapark - one of the biggest in Europe. Several pools for adults and children, the pool with a sea wave, attractions, including the Vavelsky dragon, hills, walls for rock-climbing, a sauna, bar, restaurant, shop - generally, it is possible to have a rest almost whole day.

It is possible to visit the Museum of the Polish aircraft. It is in the territory of the former airport “Rakowice - Czy ż yny“. There about 200 samples of planes, helicopters, gliders, motor-gliders, engines are presented. It is possible to come in the helicopter by which the Pope John Paul II flew.

In the downtown there are many shops where sell souvenirs and clothes. And in the evening the cafe and restaurants where it is possible to sit are open, enjoying the romantic atmosphere.

It is possible to arrive to Krakow for the weekend and to find something interesting to people of any age and interests.