How to teach the child to read?Today many schools demand that the child learned to read to the first class and came to school with already ready skills of reading and the letter. But in kindergarten it is not provided by the program. Therefore very often parents prefer to train the child in reading independently.
Today many schools demand that the child learned to read to the first class and came to school with already ready skills of reading and the letter. However employees of the state gardens make a helpless gesture - training in letters and reading is simply not provided in the approved program for preschool child care facilities.
Some parents for this purpose employ special teachers or drive the kids in school of early development. But these ways take away many means from the family budget, and sometimes and time. Therefore very often parents prefer to train the child in reading independently.
How independently to teach the child to read? Here young mothers and fathers are waited by “reefs“ - it is worth remembering two very important rules which will help to overcome them.
In - the first, with the kid it is necessary to be engaged regularly - attempt to master at once will not lead large volume of knowledge of times a one or two weeks to good. In - the second, stock up with patience. Possibly, it seems to you that it is necessary to remember letters after their fifth pronunciation, but understand - the child gets acquainted with them for the first time, and the irritation of you only complicates the task set for it.
To begin to train the child in reading it is possible already at early age. From 6 months accustom the kid to books, showing bright, large pictures. The alphabet can become one of the first books of your child, show him in the book a letter and accurately call it.
But here it is necessary to consider one rule: letters should be learned not as they are called in the alphabet (Eph, Em, Es, and t. item) and as they are most often read in the text (f, m, c). Regularly show to the baby the abc-book, and then already after a while he will learn letters. Even if he is not able to call them, but in his eyes it is possible to notice interest, and sometimes even a smile at a view of familiar letters.
After you will acquaint him with all letters which are available in the alphabet, pass to drawing up syllables. Here apply the most various techniques - today they with ease can be found in the Internet. Special abc-books, cubes, posters on walls - it is possible to use everything.
However there is an opportunity to do also without them. For example, during game to write separate letters and to say the syllable received from them: “Ð“ and “And“, together “RA“, or “To“ and “About“, together “TO“, etc. the Child has to acquire the mechanism of formation of separate syllables, then it also will be able to do it. Then play with it game - think out words which begin on the set syllable (“RA“ - the rocket, pleasure, a rainbow).
After that he with ease will begin to spell. Try that the kid not just read, but also understood what he says - ask value of the simple word which he just read (mother, the father, the grandfather, a toad, etc.) .
It would seem, now it is possible “to rest with pride on laurels“, telling everything that your child already himself reads. But, as practice shows, to have a rest so far rather early.
As soon as your child learned to read not only separate sounds, but also the whole syllables which develop in words there comes euphoria moment at parents - it seems to them that now their kid can do everything. But after that there are also first disappointments: it seems, he with pleasure sounds all inscriptions which he meets on the street - “department store“, “drugstore“, advertizing slogans, and at times even inscriptions on fences, entering you and people around into confusion, but as soon as you sit down at reading the house, after the first lines the child grustnet in the eyes and begins to be distracted constantly by the events around it.
It should be noted that the pleasure and enthusiasm from again received skill at the child gradually passes. And it is very important “to seize“ this moment and adequately to react. Do not force the child to read long and many at all, otherwise already in few months you will impart to him permanent disgust for reading which should be corrected much longer.
To neglect everything (“will go to school, there will learn“ or “everything is good in its season“) and to do nothing - too not an exit though it and better, than the first option - it, at least, will keep nerves of your child normal.
However if you really want that the true fan of literature grew up from your small miracle, make a little more efforts. Acquire several books with large letters and interesting, colourful pictures. Perhaps, will seem to some that their child already grew up from similar literature, but you do not hurry - to persuade the child to read “absolutely a little bit the text, here one pictures“, much easier. Still time of serious literature will come.
Besides pay attention to the size of stories or rhymes - even for the most fascinating story about the favourite hero the kid will not have enough patience if it occupies several pages. Let the first books which it will master independently will consist of stories in only 2 - 3 paragraphs.
Some more councils to those who are engaged with the child:
Let occupations will become for your child game - read with it in turn. At first you will divide lines not equally: you read a half of the page, and the child only one - two offers, the main thing that he took active part in process too.
it is naive to span to believe that as soon as the child receives from you the book, he right there will go to read it. He will abandon her or at best will check pictures and will read the name. Try to present the book as something very fascinating, make on it interesting “review“. For example, “it is a story about how the horse went to walk where found at once several friends with whom got into taaaky troubles …“
Try to introduce the rule: from now on you read all books only together (well, or the child can read them).
Surely you praise the kid: “today you read already best of all, than yesterday“, “oho how many lines you mastered this time!“. After the child not only will learn
, but also will fall in love with reading, it is possible to consider that your task is carried out. Now you need only to supply the child with age-appropriate and fascinating literature.