Rus Articles Journal

Medieval Europe. Charles the Great - not only the commander, but also the builder, the legislator, the politician and just family person? Having made

during board very much that would be enough for several lives, Karl was almost not at war the last years of the life. Having constructed the huge Sacred Roman Empire, he decided to bring administrative order in the state: boundaries became stronger, on places put reliable people. Of course, everywhere you will not be in time, and subsequently, after Charles the Great`s death, it turned out that it was necessary to make much more.

Karl was too spoiled by destiny. Almost all its wars were victorious, apart from a two-three of the failures which did not affect power of francs in any way. Creating such huge state, it was necessary to treat fixing of borders and policy of a succession to the throne more responsibly. Though the only survived son Ludovic inherited Carla, but the law of a primogeniture was not that generated further distempers to empires and its partial disorder.

But nevertheless it does not grant the right to claim that all activity of the great leader was vain. The certain states were formed. And let Karl`s power disappeared with his death, later there was a great inheritance. And as successors disposed of left - to the king all the same it was not allowed to foresee, and especially as - to change that.

The emperor was engaged in legislative system - tried to improve already existing. So-called Kapitulyariya Charles the Great - reasonable addition to already existing laws. Kapitulyariya - some kind of collection of acts and resolutions of the emperor. And, they generally concerned internal economic state system. But there were kapitulyariya and about a church order.

Tradition Karl`s descendants continued to publish kapitulyariya. 1697 kapitulyariya of the Carlovingians governing on lands of the Franksky state are known. And there are also kapitulyariya of the Carlovingians reigning in Germany and Italy.

Karl liked to be present at meetings of the nobility and to listen to their suggestions for improvement of the legislation. It was supposed that each grandee knew the lands and needs of peasants. In practice, Karl did not need at all in any councils. He was the only lord whose power nobody would dare to challenge in general at that time. The legislative initiative always proceeded from it. But, decencies for the sake of, it was necessary to pretend that all grandly and nobly. For this purpose also two times a year similar meetings were held.

Karl in the evening of life enjoyed communication with a family. Though it and in military years was not separated from a family. All know that the king - the warrior carried with himself the brood, wives and concubines everywhere. The personal chronicler of the king Egingard in the work “Charles the Great`s life, the emperor“ represents the king as the person very modest both in habits, and in life, and with women. As well as as very loving and careful father. But, if to read more careful, it is possible which - what to see also between lines:

“Ordinary the lunch of the king consisted of four dishes“. Unless it is not enough? “Concerning wine and other drinks Karl was abstinent to the fact that he at a table drank no more than three cups. After a lunch drank one more“. Unless it is modest? If to consider that it is the data which are “cut down“, then most likely Karl did not refuse to himself anything, and the personal historian - on that and personal to write that he was told. And the children and women Karl did not release from himself not only because of big attachment, and for fear of capture them in hostages that widely practiced in those days. It was staked too much.

And women … It is unlikely them was a little. The person of such scales just could not be indifferent to beauties. The same Egengard lists members of the family of Karl:

“From Hildegarda Carle had three sons: Karl, Pipin and Ludovic, and three daughters Gertrude, Berta and Gisela. From Fastrada`s wife - daughters Teoderada and Giltruda. Wives Carla Desideria and Liutgarda did not give birth to it children. The concubine Gerzuinda gave rise the daughter Adaltrudu, Regina gave birth to sons Dry and Gugo, Adalind - the son Theoderich“.

Still Egingard mentions about the daughter Routgayda, and mother does not even remember her. And it is only known by name or at least on short-term stay near the royal person of the lady. And how many those which names were not even tried to be remembered? It is very moral, you will tell nothing. Besides, considering command to expose Karl such modest man how many concealed? Egingard most was connected by close relations with one of the king`s daughters so a rylets at all was in a gun. However, being able to live beautifully, to Carle and others did not forbid it including did not force children. At its yard not so strict customs reigned.

Summing up the result, and small you will not call the king boring. Unfortunately, Carle endured many children. Pipin - pride of the father died. From sons in general there was only Ludovic - future emperor Louis I Blagotchestivy. Some daughters died during lifetime of the father too, and he always took loss hard. But at the end of life Charles the Great got such number of grandsons, as itself did not know precisely - how many them. The great grandfather brought up those which parents died.

The emperor built much, was interested in beautiful architecture. In its time many palaces, and also cathedrals were built. For example - a cathedral St. Virgin in Aachen, and also the wide bridge in 500 steps through the Rhine River. By order of the king Karl built palaces over all country, one is more beautiful than another. The palace in Aachen where spent by Carle the last years of life, was “perfectly equipped“ with all conveniences: the king adored bathtubs, was extremely clean that for those times a rarity. Especially for the military person. The tradition of the general ablution was observed without fail. The invitation to be washed together with the emperor - honor. Charles the Great cared for arrangement of the country truly thriftily, with royal scope, without saving on anything.

Karl`s efforts practically in everything were crowned with success: he built the big empire, strengthened power of francs, built many palaces and cathedrals, strengthened borders, improved the legislation, at last, “personally“ promoted growth of a family of Carlovingians that the dynasty was never stopped.

Charles the Great in 814 g, potsarstvovav died 47 years. Descendants and confidants sincerely mourned it. In the 12th century he was canonized.