Rus Articles Journal

Medieval Europe. What he is Charles the Great, the creator of the Sacred Roman Empire?

Charles the Great, the creator of the Sacred Roman Empire - the personality extraordinary. On the one hand - the great commander, the talented strategist, and with another - the legislator who is intellectually quite developed, interested in sciences, very devout person and the loving father.

the Bright and rich life this governor lived. As in time he was born. If the empire was not collected by it on pieces in a whole, then it is unknown on what historical way Europe would go. Even in view of the fact that after Karl`s death his empire almost collapsed.

Karl Pipin`s father was the first king from the dynasty of Carlovingians which replaced Merovingov on lands of francs. Having divided the power and lands between sons Karl and Karloman, Pipin made a mistake. But the mistake had no serious consequences as Karloman early died. And troubles could be: brothers did not get on. It is unclear, why from century to century governors made the same mistake - the partition of hereditary lands. It is clear, vassal, lenny and hierarchical systems were only still formed and kings arrived as their ancestors from time immemorial arrived - to give something to each son, to deprive nobody. But in kingdom scales such “sloppy sentimentality“ is no good. The medieval state had to have a strong power in the person of one person.

Vot and Karl very successfully remained one and acted only at own discretion. Wars the king conducted much, but his military policy differed from policy of predecessors markedly: to win and plunder. Karl “united“ lands in the uniform state, acting where it is necessary - war, and somewhere - and diplomacy. Having begun the next military campaign, always tried to finish it. And began war not just like that, to plunder and profit, and with a definite purpose.

The first war of Karl - Aquitania, ended quickly and successfully. The most long - war with saxophones. For the first time intruded in 772 g of army of Karl on lands of saxophones and destroyed the fortress of Eresburg which then, saxophones will return back. But for a while. In the 775th Mr. Karl will win Eresburg again, as well as Sigiburg. Already taught, the king leaves strong garrisons in the won cities everywhere. For strengthening of borders francs constructed the fortresses.

Egingard, the personal historian of Charles the Great, in the work “Charles the Great`s life, the emperor“ very in detail describes all wars of the king. Saxony bordered on lands of francs. Saxophones were pagans. The historian justifies Karl`s actions in this war with the fact that, allegedly, saxophones endlessly plundered boundaries, ruining on the way. Saxophones really were the most cruel of all German tribes. But hardly they plundered “constantly“. To grow up and reap a crop, a lot of time is required. To you it is not necessary and forget that people use all fruits of work. What can be taken from peasants the second time? Without speaking already about constant robberies. The king Karl needed extensive lands of saxophones, and to Rome - newly converted Catholics. But Karl in chronicles, for descendants, has to look the defender and the hero.

In parallel Karl was at war with Lombards, being an immemorial headache of Rome. After a set of skirmishes and sieges the king of Lombards Dezidery gave up and on the advice of Karl took the vows.

Saxon affairs did not come to an end. Though many saxophones christened in Catholicism, still more than once then they rose against the power of francs, those should have left their lands only. Karl was engaged in the administrative device of the new possession in more detail. The territory of Saxony was divided into districts, the count betrayed to the king was at the head of everyone now.

Still Karl planned to mix the people. Violently settled thousands of Saxon families on other lands. Very clever policy. Not to nurse them until the end of days. On the new place rebels should adapt, not before revolts will be. For fixing of result a large number of francs also went to Saxony to a permanent residence. An end is put to wearisome Saxon war only in 804 g

it was necessary to do some fighting to Karl and with Arabs, but it is unsuccessful. In the 789th Mr. Karl left in a campaign against Slavs - vilets, been victorious for francs. Karl`s war, the second for power, - with Avars. But he ordered not one: worthy replacement, and Charles the Great`s son, Pipin grew up, the Avar, directing horror at fair part of Europe did not leave the live place from terrible.

In the 800th Mr. Karl became an emperor. And the whole performance was played. For what? To tell more precisely - for whom. On the continent there was one more empire - Byzantine, or East Roman. Emperors of Byzantium very jealously treated the growing influence of other states and could take offense. And the Byzantine army which - is perfectly equipped, numerous and the most disciplined at that time. And, above all - it is a constant. If many European princes and kings constantly had only own guard, and for military operations declared demobilization (and on it time left), then bazilevsa had at the order army regular, ready to leave in a campaign immediately. It is impossible to quarrel with Byzantium.

Therefore after Charles the Great brought orders on borders of Rome, and the Father on festive church service as if “suddenly“ approached the king with an imperial crown, Karl “became angry“: what did you udumat it here? At all I do not want to be an emperor. But loud and powerful cries “Karl is the emperor“ “forced“ it to concede and to agree.

Important the fact that all this was seen and heard by representatives of Byzantium. It could be ambassadors, merchants or just strangers. That spies were - doubts were not as Byzantium watched closely policy around the world and if the hint on strengthening of the centralized power - they here somewhere appeared.

And it is not the only bone thrown to the Byzantine emperors. On serious negotiations on a wedding of the emperor Konstantin and one of Karl`s daughters were conducted. To all appearances Karl was not only the excellent military leader, but also the astute politician.