Rus Articles Journal

How to choose the camera? Part 1

you will not envy the Beginning amateur photographers: to understand the huge assortment modern chambers - a complex challenge. It was good 30 years ago: “Change“, “Sharp-sighted“, “Zenith“ - that`s all a variety. Well, also pass - a photolaboratory in a bathroom in addition. It was good even 15 years ago: “soap tray“ of Kodak or “momentalka“ of Polaroid, one or the other - the choice small. Today any shop of electronics offers even not tens - hundreds of models of fotoappart. And it is necessary to choose from them only one. to you it is not necessary to

of What?



Council number one: if you not the professional photographer (and you hardly the professional photographer) if for you and the answer to it you look for topical issue about the choice of a chamber on a popular resource, but not on the specialized website … So, if you not the professional photographer - do not try to resemble professional and do not buy the so-called “professional“ camera. Such unit, undoubtedly, is capable of a lot of things - but whether you are capable of it?

Council number two: before buying a difficult technique (and it seldom happens cheap), be defined for what you need the camera. And after it, considering concrete parameters, choose suitable model. You want to take a chamber in travel often? Obviously, it has to be compact. You expect to remove during bad weather? To the forefront there is a water tightness. You do not plan to remove anything, except house feasts for a personal album? You quite will suit the cheapest and simple chamber.

Council number three: forget about so-called types of fotoappart. “Reflex cameras“, “bezzerkalka“, “soap trays“, “compacts“, “ultrazooms“ - throw out these words from the head. Any of them will not give you a complete idea of what chamber - and, the main thing, what pictures - you receive as a result. As practice shows, a good picture, worthy to flaunt on a wall - though in a social network though in a drawing room, - it is possible to make practically any modern camera - from mirror “pro“ to the camera of “iPhone“. The only thing what these marketing concepts can be useful to you for, - that the nobility in what section the Internet - shop to look for the necessary model. Therefore we still will return to them, but later.

Council number four, uniting all previous: at the choice of the camera be guided by separate technical characteristics. Also be ready that all necessary to you (or that which seem necessary) any of the chambers existing in the world will not have parameters. But that in which description you will find the maximum quantity of the characteristics arranging you, - precisely yours.

And what it is necessary to you?



So, characteristics … I will list only the main, and to us, to the beginning amateur photographers, it is more and it is not necessary.

Price. Before understanding what you want, decide that to you on a pocket. The question is not idle: the cost of other chamber can be comparable to car cost. The camera with the seven-digit price - a thing good, probably … But not all will manage to check it. And not to spend time in vain, it is better to cut models which you will not be able obviously to get, the benefit producers now at once offer a set of options on any purse.

Case size. Thickness is from several millimeters to several centimeters, weight is from hundred grams to kilogram with superfluous … The size of the case depends on its filling: the mirror view-finder and a big matrix (the indispensable reflex cameras attributes) demand a lot of place, and interchangeable lens - everyone with the function (panoramic, portrait, a body - and macroshooting etc.) - give to the device additional weight.

Undoubtedly, by means of such camera it is possible to do high-quality and various pictures. But think: whether you will be ready to carry constantly a volume and heavy bag - or the most part of time the chamber will become dusty in a case? If you incline to the second option and besides you plan to take the device in trips - better at once take something easier and compact (for such chambers marketing specialists even thought up special category - travel - compact).

Matrix size. the Matrix is a photosensitive element which in the digital camera carries out the same role that a film - in a classical film chamber. The size of a matrix is measured in two categories - in megapixels (effective permission of a matrix) and in millimeters (the physical size of a matrix).

Since emergence of first digital “soap trays“ we remember that the more pixels - the better. Now even in the cheapest models there are matrixes 4-5 megapixels. More advanced chambers have matrixes with a resolution of 10-12 megapixels, and some producers already finished their number to 20. If you do not plan to print photos of the big size, you will have enough also a small matrix. For example, the qualitative picture of a standard format 10 by 15 of centimeters will turn out already on a matrix with 2-3 megapixels. By the way, on the computer screen such image will look good too. For the press of an accurate picture of 20 by 30 centimeters in size for eyes there will be enough 8 megapixels - and it at very high resolution in 300 dpi. So if you do not plan to let out posters of a big format, you should not overpay for the excess number of pixels.

Unfortunately, effective permission it is not enough to estimate abilities of a matrix. The physical size is not less important though fans usually do not pay attention to it - and sellers, respectively, do not write it on price tags and if write, then not in the most clear look. In sum, the biggest size of a matrix - 36 by 24 millimeters (that corresponds to the size of a film of 35 millimeters), the smallest - is slightly more, than three by four millimeters. But it is frequent - especially if it is about compact cameras - figures in inches, and fractional, for example 1/1,8``, 1/2,3 are specified`` … Here it is important to understand what 1/1,8`` is more, than 1/2,3``. And in this case, really, the more - the better. But, as it was already told, the more the matrix - the is more case size, and you will find matrixes of the big size only in large mirror cameras. For modern “compact“ very good indicators - 1/1,8`` and 1/1,7``.

It is only some parameters from those which should be considered at the choice of the camera. In the following publication we will consider such characteristics as focal length, a svetosil, a photosensitivity and others.