How to teach the child to speak?In our society communication are one of the main ways of communication. For this reason mothers want to train the child of informal conversation as soon as possible. If parents already learned to distinguish to eat or get a favourite bear from the top shelf from separate syllables and lows of the child of a request, then it is difficult for strangers to understand his muffledly voiced desires. to Begin to be engaged in
with the kid it is possible from 4 - 5 months. During this period the festivities begin, and some more months later the kid begins to murmur. It is necessary to answer it.
At first develop imitation syllables at the child. As soon as your child begins to listen to syllables and sounds which he also says, tell accurately and several times “ma - ma“, “a pas - a pas“, “oh - oh“ and other simple words. Try also to listen to syllables which are murmured by the kid - so you define what letters he is capable to say, and make syllables of them so far.
Teach the child to look for objects of the name. After half a year the kid can find objects a view of the question “where?“. At first several times accurately and slowly call a subject and point to it, and already after a while you will see how the baby looks around at it after your words. Of course, it is better to choose big and bright objects which take constant place - a chair, a table, a case, a lamp, a flower, hours, a bed.
Begin to motivate to act a bit later. you Speak: “give a spoon“, “take a doll“, “look at a cat“. It is still very important to teach the child to distinguish the name. Repeat it more often.
After 7 months start simple games - rhymes. Take handles of the kid and show the simple movements which will become then part of games. So you quickly teach the child to “pat-a-cake“, “a soroka - white-sided“ and to other simple entertainments. Already shortly the kid will begin to show you the separate movements of game independently.
By 10 months parents, as a rule, notice that the child can say new syllables, imitating parents. At first the baby sensitively listens to the speech and communication of mother and father among themselves, with other people and with him. After that he begins to repeat independently some simplest for him syllables, and sometimes even to imitate intonation.
Every day your child makes discoveries. By a year it perfectly reacts to daily requests. It absorbs all that sees around: knowledge, emotions, rules of conduct. Aged from a year till three years the loving parents can give to the child a lot of things. When to the child year is executed, he usually can already pronounce several intelligent words and a lexicon is replenished nearly an every week.
Of course, informal conversation, as well as many other abilities of the child, is very individual. But mother and the father can help to develop to the baby.
That your child learned to speak quicker, conform to several simple rules:
Constantly communicate with the child.
If you cook food in kitchen - describe to the baby in simple words as well as that you prepare that you do with products who will eat. If you plan walk - tell the child what should be put on what weather on the street where you want to go that you take with yourself. If came for walk with a carriage - tell about all animals who met to you on the way, read a rhyme or a counting rhyme. If you go to policlinic or shop - tell where you go, describe whom you will meet there and that you will do.
Imitate sounds around.
Try to reproduce sounds which are made by equipment (cars, the plane, the motorcycle, a tractor, the truck), animals (birds, cats, dogs, bugs), the natural phenomena (as wind howls, drops knock, the hail falls). You will notice soon that the child himself also tries to draw your attention to the dog running by with sounds “av - av“ or by wind buzz “at - at - at“. Support the kid, having described words the events.
Develop small motility of fingers of hands.
Experts proved that perfectly developed small motility is closely connected with development of the speech. Therefore pay attention to games with small objects. Naturally, at the same time it is necessary to watch closely that the child did not try to pull in a mouth and to swallow by what it is played. Touch haricot or peas with your kid. Still it is possible to give several unbreakable pieces of ware and to pour buttons or beads from one bowl into another. Play in a sandbox: build together the cities, you cook food, dig tunnels.
Be engaged in a molding from plasticine or from the salty test which is simple for making independently. Together make a sketch of the favourite fairy tale, show of what parts favourite characters of the child consist. Right there it is possible to discuss a plot of the fairy tale or to describe colors which you use.
From 2 - 3 years it is possible to attract the baby to the help with economy - to roll in cutlets in flour, to make pie or to divide tangerine. At first at the child everything will hardly turn out accurately, but, believe, he will try very much.
Read and retell read. Read
to the child and tell it stories, fairy tales and poems, sing together songs. Try to play with intonation, sounding different characters of the history. After reading of the story, ask questions to the child - who was pleasant more why about whom the fairy tale. Try to dream up together where characters after the last scene in the fairy tale went.
Supplement the stories with demonstration of bright, colourful, qualitative illustrations and pictures. Also do not forget that works have to correspond to age of the kid! You also actively can use children`s filmstrips, the presentations, cards.
Induce to read names of objects.
When your child pulls the handle that you gave it the necessary subject, do not hurry to comply at once with its lowing or silent request. Give it purposely other subject from the same shelf and pretend that did not understand it until he sounds necessary. Explain: “I do not understand you. It is necessary to speak: give a spoon“. Do not forget to stipulate at the same time and the actions: “I give you a spoon - on a spoon“.
But the main thing, you remember that each child develops individually. Do not panic if at someone from acquaintances the kid - the age-mate already speaks, you do not hurry and do not abuse the child - show patience, and already after a while you will notice new progress of your peanut.