Rus Articles Journal

Politkovskaya`s business

Ya I read the press on English from time to time, it is mute. and fran. languages. Here and today came on deutschewelle. de, read about renewal of business of Politkovskaya and... was surprised.

All three options (on it., English and Russian) differ from each other. The first two repeat in the critical approach to a problem and Russia in general. The third is interesting, Russian, option. In it only the fact that there will be a reconsideration of the case and the fact that as the editor-in-chief « declared; New newspaper the crime will be undoubted is solved (and as!) .

German and English &ndash options; more critical . In German directly there is a hint on communication of a number of murders of human rights activists with the power at the Kremlin.

I have a question: really official view of events in Russia and Chechnya are controlled not only in the Russian mass media, but also in the foreign press, or I prematurely shout Murder! Murder! ???

Generally, the fact that you think is very interesting.

All three options are given below.

Russland | 04. 08. 2009

of Chronik: Morde an Menschenrechtlern

Unter den Opfern sind kritische Journalistinnen und Journalisten ebenso wie engagierte Anw; lte. Die T; ter k; nnen oft entkommen, und die Hinterm; nner bleiben im Dunkeln.

Am 7. Oktober 2007 vor der russischen Botschaft in Berlin

Als am 7. Oktober 2006, dem Geburtstag des damaligen russischen Pr; sidenten Wladimir Putin, die russisch - amerikanische Journalistin Anna Politkowskaja im Treppenhaus ihrer Wohnung get; tet aufgefunden wurde, war bei vielen Menschen im Westen die Emp; rung gro;. Auch die Bemerkung Putins, der Tod von Anna Politkowskaja sei sch; dlicher als alle ihre Berichte, sorgte f; r Wirbel und signalisierten zugleich das begrenzte Ma; an Trauer, das der russische Pr; sident angesichts des Todes der Regimekritikerin aufbringen konnte.

Der Mordprozess im Februar 2009

Drei Jahre nach dem Mord kam es zum Prozess gegen die mutma; lichen T; ter, nachdem sich einer der Verd; chtigen ins Ausland hatte absetzen k; nnen. Der Prozess endete mit Freispr; chen, die aber wegen Verfahrensfehlern am 25. Juni 2009 wieder aufgehoben wurden. W; hrend dieses Prozesses war der Rechtsanwalt der Familie Politkowskaja am 19. Januar 2009 ermordet worden. Stanislaw Markelov war einer der bekanntesten Anw; lte f; r Menschenrechtler, der auch andere Opfer vor russischen Gerichten vertreten hatte.; ber den ermordeten Rechtsanwalt f; hrt die Spur zu einem weiteren prominenten Opfer:

Erschossen: Natalja Estemirowa

Natalja Estemirowa geh; rte zum Freundeskreis Anna Politkowskajas, hatte wie sie; ber Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Tschetschenien berichtet und wurde Mitte Juli 2009 Opfer eines Mordanschlags. Kurz zuvor hatte sie; ber die Hinrichtung eines angeblichen Rebellen durch Regierungssoldaten im Internet berichtet.

Einsch; chtern lie; sie sich nicht

Ganz im Gegenteil: Die Gefahr, der sie sich aussetzte, war ihr durchaus bewu; t. Es sei ihre Arbeit, sich um ungekl; rte F; lle von Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Tschetschenien zu k; mmern. Wir werden den Menschen hier helfen, koste es, was es wolle! diktierte sie Journalisten in die Mikrophone. Ihre massive Kritik an den Verh; ltnissen in Tschetschenien und dar; berhinaus in Russland insgesamt, brachte sie offenbar auf die schwarzen Listen des tschetschenischen Pr; sidenten Ramsan Kadyrow.

Ihre Haltung brachte sie in Lebensgefahr. Am 15. Juli 2009 machte sie sich auf den Weg zum Staatswanwalt, als neben ihr ein Wagen hielt, zwei M; nner heraussprangen und sie gewaltsam in das Auto zerrten. Trotz Stra; ensperren und Kontrollposten ging es in wilder Fahrt ins benachbarte Inguschetien. Wenig sp; ter wurde die Menschenrechtlerin mit zahlreichen Schusswunden in Kopf und Brust tot aufgefunden.

Ebenfalls erschossen: Ein Kronzeuge

Freunde und Menschenrechtsorganisationen sehen zwischen ihrem Tod und dem tschetschenischen Pr; sidenten und Statthalter Moskaus, Ramsan Kadyrow, einen Zusammenhang. Angeblich soll der Pr; sident eine Liste angefertigt haben, auf der mehr als 500 Personen verzeichnet sind, die umgebracht werden sollten. Zu ihnen geh; rte auch Umar Israilov, ein tschetschenischer Fl; chtling, der am 13. Januar 2009 in Wien auf offener Stra; e von drei T; tern umgebracht worden war. An seinem Tod hatte Pr; sident Kadyrow durchaus Interesse, denn Israilov war als Kronzeuge gegen ihn in einem Prozess wegen Folter aufgerufen worden.

Mahnwache in Berlin f; r Stanislaw Markelow und Anastasia Baburowa.

Israilov wurde von Stanislaw Markelow rechtsanwaltlich vertreten. Von jenem Rechtsanwalt also, der sechs Tage nach der Ermordung des Kronzeugen Israilov ebenfalls sterben musste. F; r den Tod des Reachtsanwaltes gibt es ebenfalls eine Begr; ndung denn er besa; ein Dokument, das den Pr; sidenten schwer belastete. Umar Israilov hatte eine eidesstattliche Versicherung abgegeben, nach der Kadyrow pers; nlich ihn Tage lang mit Elektroschocks gequ; lt habe. Nun waren beide tot und die Anklage um ein Argument; rmer.

Eine Woche nach dem Anschlag auf Natalja Estemirowa wurde ein weiteres Mordopfer gefunden: Andrej Kulagin. Kulagin galt seit Mai 2009 als verschwunden . Weder Freunde noch Kollegen hatten ein Lebenszeichen erhalten. Im Juli 2009 fand man seine Leiche in einer Sandgrube in der nordwestrussischen Teilrepublik Karelien.

Andrej Kulagin

Kulagin hatte als Regionalleiter der Menschenrechtsorganisation Gerechtigkeit in Karelien gearbeitet und war den Beh; rden ein Dorn im Auge. Am 14. Mai hatte er abends sein Haus verlassen, um sich zu einem telefonisch verabredeten Termin mit einem Informanten zu begeben. Ein Taxifahrer brachte ihn zu einem Cafe, und dort verliert sich seine Spur. Kollegen vermuten, er sei wegen seiner beruflichen T; tigkeit ermordet worden.

Autor: Mathias von Hellfeld

Redaktion: Hartmut L; ning

Observers say truth unlikely to emerge from Politkovskaya retrial

Politkovskaya is one of 40 journalists killed in Russia since 1993

On Wednesday, Russian military court is retrying four men accused of the 2006 killing of journalist and human rights activist Anna Politkovskaya. But hardly anyone thinks the case will be truly resolved.

The retrial comes after the four defendants were acquitted in February for lack of evidence.

The four men are thought to be accessories in the fatal shooting of Politkovskaya in the stairwell of her apartment building on October 7, 2006. The murder had the hallmarks of a contract killing, but investigators never found the person or persons who ordered the execution or actually gunned down the journalist.

Family members and friends of Politkovskaya, whose work revolved around human rights abuses in Chechnya, say the authorities should reopen the case entirely.

On Wednesday we will insist that the case be sent back to investigators, Ilya Politkovskaya, victim`s son, told the AFP news agency.

Amnesty International has also called the lack of a conclusion in the trial regrettable.

The investigation should continue with renewed vigor to bring to justice all those involved, including the gunman and those who ordered the killing, said Amnesty International researcher Simon Cosgrove in a statement to Deutsche Welle.

These four men are accused of being accessories

A deputy editor at the newspaper for which Politkovskaya worked, Novaya Gazeta, says Russian authorities had only scratched the surface.

The investigators were obstructed in their work, Sergei Sokolov told AFP.

The implication is that there`s been a cover - up, possibly to conceal links between Politkovskaya`s murder and the Chechen government or maybe even the Kremlin.

And given that others with connections to Politkovskaya have also been killed, some suspect that there is an active campaign to silence journalists critical of the current leadership in Russia`s most troubled republic.

Chechen conspiracy?

Some suspect Kadyrov, right, or even Putin of being involved

Politkovskaya`s lawyer, Stanislav Markelov, was killed in January and the woman thought to be one of her primary sources, Natalia Estemirova, was murdered in an execution - style killing last month. Her body was found in Ingushetia, which borders on Chechnya.

Some have said the Chechen government is involved.

I have no doubt that [Chechen President] Ramzan Kadyrov is behind the murder, head of the Russian human rights group Memorial, Oleg Orlov, told the epd news agency shortly after Estemirova`s killing.

Kadyrov responded by suing Orlov for slander, but the fact remains that the sort of investigations needed to bring clarity have not been carried out.

There is no hard evidence of a link with Kadyrov and no investigations proceeding in that direction, Henning Schroeder, an expert on Russia with the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, told Deutsche Welle. But the series of murders in which the victims had something to do with Chechnya makes it seem as though opponents of the government are being rubbed out.

Schroeder added that normally authorities would investigate such allegations and that Kadyrov, if innocent, should himself have an interest in seeing the investigations carried out.

As it stands, impression arises that police are only interested in finding scapegoats, Schroeder said.

West can only talk

Almost 15 years of war left Chechnya devastated

Kadyrov, who assumed the Chechen presidency in early 2007 is a popular man in Moscow. He is credited with largely eradicating that Chechen separatist movement and bringing relative calm to a region that was the site of war for the better part of a decade and a half.

He is rumoured to enjoy close personal ties with Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, but Schroeder says Kadyrov`s standing is based on how useful he has made himself to the Kremlin, which had difficulty putting down the separatist revolt.

Russia`s strategy in Chechnya was to Chechenize the conflict, Schroeder said. Russia needs Kadyrov to keep the peace.

As the leader of a pro - Moscow militia which did the dirty work for the Kremlin, Kadyrov oversaw the killing of most of Chechnya`s separatist leaders and has been accused of maintaining a private militia and committing a host of human rights violations.

Human rights groups have called upon Western countries to put more pressure upon Moscow to ensure that there is a thorough investigation into the alleged connections between the murders of journalists and the Chechen president.

Merkel was able to extract a promise from Medvedev this July

But given Russia`s power and the internal nature of the conflict, there isn`t all that much other countries can do.

The possibility of exerting any influence is very small, Schroeder said. Leaders can raise the issue, such as German Chancellor Angela Merkel did recently with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, in the hopes of someone within Russia personally intervening. But that`s about it.

After meeting Merkel, Medvedev did in fact promise that Natalia Estemirova`s killers would be found. But there`s no guarantee that his promise will be kept.

And by all accounts, defendants in the Politkovskaya retrial are - if anything - accessories to her murder. The person or persons who carried out and possibly ordered the killing remain at large.

Author: Jefferson Chase

Russia | 05. 08. 2009

new trial about Politkovskaya

murder Alleged accomplices of murder of Politkovskaya

In the Moscow court Began second trial about murder of the journalist Anna Politkovskaya began. Editor-in-chief New newspaper it is confident that this crime will be solved.

The Moscow district military court on Wednesday, August 5, started second trial about murder of the observer New newspaper Anna Politkovskaya.

On a dock - the same defendants who were judged on the first process. It - brothers Ibrahim and Dzhabrail Makhmudovy, the former police officer of the Russian Federation Sergey Hadzhikurbanov and the employee of FSB Pavel Ryaguzov passing within business on other episode.

In February all of them were acquitted behind insufficiency of proofs, however at the end of June this business was sent for new consideration.

To all the defendant incriminates partnership in Anna Politkovskaya`s murder. Customers in court were not called, and as the main defendant Makhmudov` brother &ndash was presented; Rustam who is wanted.

Murder will be opened - editor-in-chief New newspaper

Dmitry Muratov

Editor-in-chief New newspaper Dmitry Muratov critically commented on the beginning of second trial about Politkovskaya`s murder with the same defendants and supported carrying out additional investigation. To come absolutely silly for process without new proofs, except those which were already shown in the Moscow district military court and to bring new evidence, time » is necessary; - he explained.

At the same time Muratov expressed confidence that case of Anna Politkovskaya`s murder can be opened. He also promised that its newspaper will continue own investigation of this crime.

CP/AFP/ Interfax

Editor: Gennady Temnenkov