Rus Articles Journal

Pond at the dacha - the hands. 6 main steps of

to Create a pond at the dacha in power to everyone. It can be absolutely small reservoir or an extensive water smooth surface - rules of creation of an artificial pond are identical. We give advice on landscaping and arrangement of a pond at the dacha by means of a film covering or in a ready plastic form.

we Choose by

the place

by means of a flexible covering really to realize the most daring idea, maybe, only slightly having corrected its sizes according to the actual width of a roll of a film or butylrubber rubber that there were no big scraps - the cost of these materials is rather high.

At the choice of the place for a reservoir take care of that from the majority of specific points of a site it looked remarkably, and on its surface it would be possible to see interesting reflections - not only clouds, but also at home, and plants.

At first by means of a hose or pegs with a rope apply to

on the earth a reservoir contour (even better to lay that place where there will be a water mirror, a polyethylene film, having attached its edges to the earth stones) and check how your future pond will look from all specific points of a garden. Only having answered all questions, having resolved all doubts, it is possible to pass to the following step - a final marking.

the Ditch

After definition of an ideal form of a water mirror in the “correct“ place of a garden clear the platform of the plants which got to this zone remove the turf if it is, check horizontal position of the platform and level it. Further it is necessary to dig a ditch. It is better to take out the taken-out earth on a wheelbarrow to in advance defined place at once, it is more convenient to dig from edges to the center, gradually going deep. During the work it is necessary to choose carefully construction debris, sharp stones, the chopped-off roots of trees.

do not forget to provide

in a terrace pond, horizontal and wide (30 - 40 cm). With a meter depth of a pond one terrace at the level of 30 cm suffices. Coast have to be flat.

After the ditch will be ready

, it is necessary to check on the level of the coast and if necessary to correct them. They have to be in one plane, then no part of the coast in finished form will appear above a water mirror, and the film will not stick out. It is important to stamp well a bottom and walls of a ditch which form has to be beautiful in itself. It is necessary to measure by a roulette or a cord attentively length and width of the prepared ditch in the most extended places and to add from each party 20 - 30 cm for dressing of the coastline - thus you recognize the size of a necessary panel of a film of PVC or butylrubber rubber for a pond by .

the Ready ditch should fill up

with river sand a layer of 3 - 5 cm - than the film is thinner, that this buffer layer of sand has to be thicker. That sand well floated, it can be humidified a little. If soil is littered with small pebbles or there is a possibility of damage of a film by roots near the located trees, it is necessary to cover in addition a bed the soft spreading or any improvised material. After earthwork is finished, hurry up with laying of a film that possible rains did not spoil a ditch.

Work with a film

is better to Spread a film in sunny warm day, it will be more plastic. Trying not to pull, it is necessary to distribute it in a ditch. Butylrubber and PVC - films are capable to stretch and to well cover a surface of the flat coast, but completely it will not be possible to avoid folds. Frequent to stack several large folds, than a set small more preferably, it is simpler to press them stones or to paste to the main part of a film. The film has to lie freely, at all do not pull it. At this stage it is desirable to have one - two assistants as film materials for reservoirs very heavy, and it is necessary to lay them most accurately. In process of filling of a pond with water the film will sink, having smoothly repeated all bends of a ditch.

should be convinced by

After laying of a film that on all edge of the coast there is a stock of 20 - 30 cm, necessary for reliable seal of its edges under gravel or soil. Having spread out a film, having created the main folds and having convinced that there is enough film, press its edges small stones or beat big nails, having secured against wind.

Water and stones

the Most labor-consuming part of work is finished with

. If at your disposal there is a large number of a stone - a cobble-stone, they can lay out all coast of a pond and even a bottom. If laying of stones is supposed to be conducted, since a step at a depth of 30 cm, then water can be poured to this mark at once, periodically straightening and tightening the formed film folds. Not to damage a film, carefully select stones and do not use what have keen edges and corners.

For the lower number of stones are selected by the larger with a flat lower surface. They have to lie steadily as all overlying stones will lean on them. Flat stones badly keep on an inclined surface, move down, for a slope it is better to use a roundish large cobble-stone. The basic rule of laying - the top stone has to lean on two lower. You do not hurry with laying of stones, select them for the size and quality, place the most beautiful in the top ranks - they will decorate the coastline. When it is necessary to lay the last two rows of stones, the pond needs to be filled in completely with water to be convinced that all parts of the coast are in one horizontal plane. If it not so, a podsypta sand or soil under a film.

needs to Pour water by means of a hose a weak stream. In process of filling of a pond do not forget to correct a film from time to time, then it will be much more difficult to make it. After filling of a pond with water and completion of work can afflict you pozeleneny waters. Be ready to it! This problem will be solved by an additive 1 - 2 water buckets from any old pond or even a ditch. Rather turbid water in a new pond is a normal process which will continue no more than two - three weeks during which biological balance is established and water becomes transparent and pure. This moment needs just to be worried.

Excellent means for maintenance of purity and transparency of water - tadpoles who filter water and eat seaweed therefore rejoice to emergence of frog caviar in your pond in the spring. It is more difficult to get rid of nitchaty seaweed which plentifully breed if in a pond many organic substances from fallen leaves collect. Regular collecting by a net of all vegetable remains which fell in water and also landing of water and coastal plants with which “nitchatka“ will not be able to compete will help to cope with it: nimfe, rogoz, etc. Purity of water in a pond is promoted by snails.

After filling of a ditch with water cut the edges of a film with a stock of 20 - 30 cm and slightly bury them that were not lifted up, beat to soil large nails and powder with gravel or soil.

Around a pond

the Coastal zone is made out by

in the last turn: soil, gravel is poured, plants land, boulders, plitnyak keep within, floorings are established. If ashore dumping is provided by pebble or gravel, lay under it a geotextiles layer (it is possible black lutrasit), which one edge it is necessary to get a floor a film, another - under stones or a stone blocks. The geotextiles will not allow to break through to weeds and will not allow material of dumping to mix up with soil.

If you decided to equip with

on the edge of a pond an observation deck or the vacation spot, then when using a plitnyak it needs to be fixed by cement mortar. The reservoir adjoining an open terrace looks remarkably. Bridges, a planked footway and terraces hanging over water - not only a fine decorative element of a garden, but also ideal places for a relaxation.

The more a pond, the easier maintains in it biodynamic balance, the it is simpler to support him. Help to support biological balance and plants, but they should not cover more than a half of the area of a water mirror. In a week - another after “construction“ of a pond water in it will become transparent, the first residents - water measures will accustom here, tritons, frogs, snails, will fly dragonflies, birdies and cats will drink from it water, and you will sit on a bench, enjoying the wildlife “piece“ belonging to you.

the Reservoir in a ready plastic form

seems to Beginners that it is simpler to make a pond in a ready plastic form, than a reservoir by means of a flexible waterproofing. It is illusion. First in shop of a form seem huge, but after their installation in soil they look approximately twice less, and filled with water seem absolutely tiny puddles. Such capacities are good for the raised reservoirs of accurate geometrical forms, for installation on slopes when the lower part is decorated a retaining wall or rokariy. For rigid capacities simple geometrical forms which edges mask stone plates are good. If the rigid form is intended for a landscape pond, then often its edges are excessively intricate, it is difficult to disguise them.

the strongest ready forms are designs from fiber glass, they are not conceded on capacity durability from the reinforced plastic, but edges of the last can be deformed if not to provide a design a reliable external support on soil. These forms import and rather expensive. Capacities from usual plastic are cheaper, but they insufficiently rigid, often have the deformed edges and their sizes are small. Forms only of black color are suitable for reservoirs.

Often reservoirs in ready plastic forms after filling with water are deformed by

, it occurs from - for wrong fillings with gap soil between a wall of a hole and a wall of a form. It is correct to do so: on the horizontal basis of a ditch to fill of 5 - 7 cm sand, to densely stamp it and to establish a plastic form. Then to fill in in it of 10 - 15 cm waters, then in a crack between walls of the pool and a ditch on height about 20 cm to fill up sand, watering it from a hose, or to fill in in a crack the talker from the earth, sand and water and to wait until liquid weight hardens. Then in a pond to pour still of 10 - 15 cm water, and in a crack - sand with water or the talker, repeating so before full filling of the pool with water, and a crack - sand or soil. As a result of your actions the form will rigidly stand in soil, and its coastline will be in the horizontal plane.

Water from ready designs for the winter never merges, it is excess and even harmful operation since in the spring the empty bowl will be squeezed out and crumpled.

From the book “Landscaping.
the hands - from the project to the embodiment“