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Worms at children: the most important symptoms and analyses. Parasites in an organism: from where?

face infection with helminths the majority of us, but especially risk at a meeting with worms children - their organism is not always capable to resist to parasites. At the beginning of a summer season - traditional time of games in a sandbox, communication with street dogs and cats - we will talk about prevention and treatment of helminthoses at children.

the Medical statistics claims that incidence of helminthic invasions (helminthoses) is very big. Among the children visiting preschool and school child care facilities, contamination worms it is close to 80%. Experts are sure that most of the population has worms (even the following rule of hygiene). A large number of helminthic invasions at an early stage of formation proceeds in the latent form, and not any doctor can make the correct diagnosis in time. At the same time any body and any tissue of the person are not insured from a possibility of an invasion by this or that species of worms. Parasites are capable to live in a human body for years, even decades, adapting to the most adverse conditions and not to prove in any way. They when at the carrier immunity decreases become more active.

it is simple to p to Minimize risk for all family: it is necessary to follow usual rules of personal hygiene, and also at least 4 times a year are obligatory to carry out a degelmintization of pets. Before a degelmintization it is worth consulting to the veterinarian as a number of the preparations presented at the market may contain not necessary amount of active ingredient. It is correct to pick up a preparation only the expert will be able.

risk Sources

During a warm season children spend in the fresh air much time, play in sand, bathe in reservoirs, eat fresh vegetables and fruit, not always having an opportunity or desire to wash hands with soap. Absolutely small actively develop the world, they by all means want to taste each subject.

Not the last role in infection with worms is played by flies and other insects. They transfer eggs of worms to food.

the Risk of infection increases if in a family there is a pet. The helminths parasitizing at dogs and cats can be causative agents of diseases of the person. Statistically, every fifth Russian family has a dog and at every third - a cat. At the infected animal symptoms usually does not happen, or owners just do not connect them with helminthosis. Joint eating of ice cream with a canine friend, kisses in a moist nose and strong embraces - how to forbid the child to show love to dumb animals?

Uninvited guests

In an organism of the adult healthy person of parasites is waited by several protective barriers. In a mouth there are enzymes, pernicious for eggs of worms. If they break through the first barrier, they will be stopped by hostile acidic environment of a stomach. And the local immunity of intestines developing antibodies will destroy the most firm representatives. In children`s - yet not created - an organism these protective barriers can not work, as well as in the weakened adult`s organism.

the Further course of life of helminth depends on a type of the activator. For example, the ascarid parasitizes in intestines. But before there passes the way on blood vessels, a liver, bronchial tubes and lungs, causing the corresponding symptoms. Then helminths through airways get to a mouth, are repeatedly swallowed and only after that individuals develop in intestines in adult, being proved on permanent residence. Here also reproduction begins. In days the female of an ascarid can postpone until 25 000 eggs.

Clinical displays of helminthoses are more expressed to

at children too, than at adults. Using nutrients for the development, and also breaking their absorption in intestines and poisoning a children`s organism with metabolism products, helminths negatively influence a state of health of the child. The cheerful and active kid can become sluggish and whimsical over time. He quickly gets tired, there are allergic reactions, including skin - such as rash, urticaria, reddening and irritation.

Allergologists claim that more than a half of all allergic reactions is a result existing or once the endured helminthosis. Parasites negatively influence protective forces of an organism, and it leads to decrease in immunity that in turn, leads to increase of sharp respiratory and infectious diseases, extension and complication of their current.

of Parasites can be divided on intestinal and extra intestinal helminths. As it is clear from the name, in the first case worms and their larvae live in intestines, and in the second - out of it: in muscles, lungs, a liver and other bodies. With blood current they can be carried in any corner of a human body and be proved for a long time there.

intestinal are considered as

as the Most widespread helminthic diseases: enterobioz (pinworms), askaridoz (ascarids) and toksokaroz (toksokara).

of the Pinworm (the size about 6 mm) parasitize in the lower departments of intestines of the person. At night females of pinworms leave an anus and lay eggs in the field of back pass, causing irritation and a severe itch. Being very easy, eggs of pinworms are transferred with air and settle on sheets, clothes or toys. When using of these things enterobiozy children and adults repeatedly catch. Larvae of pinworms which in 2 weeks turn into adult individuals are brought out of the eggs which got to an organism.

Therefore such symptoms as an itch in the field of back pass, the uneasy dream or emergence of dark circles under eyes have to guard parents.

Other widespread species of worms at children are of an ascarid . These parasites cause askaridoz - the illness taking the second place among helminthic defeats. The adult ascarid represents a roundworm of 25 - 30 cm long Unlike pinworms, self-infection with ascarids is impossible: eggs of these worms get to a human body from the soil in which eggs keep viability several years. These worms at children can appear if egg of an ascarid was swallowed. Alas, it is not such a rarity: badly washed vegetables, fruit, greens or just dirty hands - the main reasons of infection.

are more dangerous by

of the Ascarid to the child. In - the first, during migration of a larva can cause direct damages of intestines, liver, lungs. In - the second, ascarids can be the cause of the hardest allergy! Besides, being rather large worms, they can result in impassability of intestines, cause mechanical jaundice from - for overlappings of bilious channels or even asphyxia, having got into the top airways at heavy stages of development of a disease.

are especially dangerous by

of the Ascarid in intestines to pregnant women as their larvae during migration on an organism can get through a placenta and infect future child. If at the same time larvae of helminth lodge in fruit lungs, then the kid can have the infinite “colds“ which not always are giving in to treatment.

Possible symptoms of an askaridoz: irritability, sleep disorders, headache, liquid chair, belly-ache, anemia and various skin manifestations - dermatitis, irritation, reddening.

of Toksokara - roundworms who can reach up to 40 cm in length. Eggs of these parasites develop in the soil, and pets can be carriers. Even the pet who is not infected with this parasite who just walks on the street can become an infection source for the person. At a toksokaroza of people is both intermediate, and main “owner“. In the first case at hit of eggs of parasites to a human body of a larva through a wall of a gut and on blood vessels get to various bodies and fabrics where are encapsulated, causing a larval form of an illness, and together with it an inflammation and an allergy. In the second case of a toksokara parasitize in intestines.

of the Precautionary measure

Prevention of worms at children is reduced by

to hygienic measures. The child needs to accustom to be washed regularly hands, especially before food, there are no dirty fruit, berries and greens. It is necessary to disaccustom the kid to gnaw nails, “to try on tooth“ the earth, clay, toys and other objects. And also regularly to cut nails.

Meat and fish should be prepared for

at high temperature, fruit and vegetables carefully to wash, drink only the boiled or purified water. These simple measures will relieve of the troubles connected with the most widespread parasites.

to Find and neutralize

If it was not succeeded to avoid infection of the child with worms, it is necessary, without postponing, to begin treatment.

special analyses are necessary for

For diagnosis of helminthoses. To children usually appoint analyses a calla to eggs of worms and soskob on enterobioz. Consider, results can be inexact. To find eggs, it is necessary to seize that opportunity when parasites breed. For this purpose it is necessary to make the triple test with an interval in several days. The accompanying inspections can also confirm helminthoses - the analysis on dysbacteriosis (oppression of normal colibacillus) and the general blood test (low hemoglobin, the increased quantity of eosinophils and indicators of SOE). It is desirable to take a blood test on definition of immunoglobulins to main types of helminths. If at adults this disease usually proceeds asymptomatically, then at the child most often the illness proves as an allergy.

the Modern medicine has the whole arsenal of preparations for treatment of worms: it both himiopreparata, and phytotherapy, and homeopathic medicines, and ozonoterapiya. But only the doctor because each preparation has the indications and contraindications can appoint treatment.

Myths and reality

Myth 1: It is considered strong that all animals are dangerous carriers of helminthosis. And owners of pets are convinced that it concerns all - except own pet.“ Others, certainly, dirty and sick, but mine - is absolutely healthy and does not need in any treatment“.

Reality: the Carrier of parasites, dangerous to the person.

Myth 2: to Degelmintizatsy of pets needs to be carried out only before vaccination.

Reality: Degelmintization has to be carried out once in a quarter (1 time in 3 months), that is at least four times a year. Only in this case you can be sure that the pet is healthy and is not a carrier of parasites. The concrete preparation for your pet will be advised by the veterinarian.

Attention: the antivermicular preparations suitable for animals cannot be categorically applicable for treatment of people!

Myth 3: Cats and dogs are predators and need crude meat and fish. It as owners consider, they not only pay a tribute to the nature, but also provide to the favourite good mood.

Reality: Modern forages for pets completely provide needs of the pet for all nutrients. And through crude meat and fish there is guaranteed infection with dangerous parasites.