Worms at children: the most important symptoms and analyses. Parasites in an organism: from where?
face infection with helminths the majority of us, but especially risk at a meeting with worms children - their organism is not always capable to resist to parasites. At the beginning of a summer season - traditional time of games in a sandbox, communication with street dogs and cats - we will talk about prevention and treatment of helminthoses at children.
the Medical statistics claims that incidence of helminthic invasions (helminthoses) is very big. Among the children visiting preschool and school child care facilities, contamination worms it is close to 80%. Experts are sure that most of the population has worms (even the following rule of hygiene). A large number of helminthic invasions at an early stage of formation proceeds in the latent form, and not any doctor can make the correct diagnosis in time. At the same time any body and any tissue of the person are not insured from a possibility of an invasion by this or that species of worms. Parasites are capable to live in a human body for years, even decades, adapting to the most adverse conditions and not to prove in any way. They when at the carrier immunity decreases become more active. >
it is simple to p to Minimize risk for all family: it is necessary to follow usual rules of personal hygiene, and also at least 4 times a year are obligatory to carry out a degelmintization of pets. Before a degelmintization it is worth consulting to the veterinarian as a number of the preparations presented at the market may contain not necessary amount of active ingredient. It is correct to pick up a preparation only the expert will be able.
During a warm season children spend in the fresh air much time, play in sand, bathe in reservoirs, eat fresh vegetables and fruit, not always having an opportunity or desire to wash hands with soap. Absolutely small actively develop the world, they by all means want to taste each subject.
Not the last role in infection with worms is played by flies and other insects. They transfer eggs of worms to food.
the Risk of infection increases if in a family there is a pet. The helminths parasitizing at dogs and cats can be causative agents of diseases of the person. Statistically, every fifth Russian family has a dog and at every third - a cat. At the infected animal symptoms usually does not happen, or owners just do not connect them with helminthosis. Joint eating of ice cream with a canine friend, kisses in a moist nose and strong embraces - how to forbid the child to show love to dumb animals?
In an organism of the adult healthy person of parasites is waited by several protective barriers. In a mouth there are enzymes, pernicious for eggs of worms. If they break through the first barrier, they will be stopped by hostile acidic environment of a stomach. And the local immunity of intestines developing antibodies will destroy the most firm representatives. In children`s - yet not created - an organism these protective barriers can not work, as well as in the weakened adult`s organism.
the Further course of life of helminth depends on a type of the activator. For example, the ascarid parasitizes in intestines. But before there passes the way on blood vessels, a liver, bronchial tubes and lungs, causing the corresponding symptoms. Then helminths through airways get to a mouth, are repeatedly swallowed and only after that individuals develop in intestines in adult, being proved on permanent residence. Here also reproduction begins. In days the female of an ascarid can postpone until 25 000 eggs.Clinical displays of helminthoses are more expressed to
at children too, than at adults. Using nutrients for the development, and also breaking their absorption in intestines and poisoning a children`s organism with metabolism products, helminths negatively influence a state of health of the child. The cheerful and active kid can become sluggish and whimsical over time. He quickly gets tired, there are allergic reactions, including skin - such as rash, urticaria, reddening and irritation.
Allergologists claim that more than a half of all allergic reactions is a result existing or once the endured helminthosis. Parasites negatively influence protective forces of an organism, and it leads to decrease in immunity that in turn, leads to increase of sharp respiratory and infectious diseases, extension and complication of their current.
of Parasites can be divided on intestinal and extra intestinal helminths. As it is clear from the name, in the first case worms and their larvae live in intestines, and in the second - out of it: in muscles, lungs, a liver and other bodies. With blood current they can be carried in any corner of a human body and be proved for a long time there.intestinal are considered as
as the Most widespread helminthic diseases: enterobioz (pinworms), askaridoz (ascarids) and toksokaroz (toksokara).
of the Pinworm (the size about 6 mm) parasitize in the lower departments of intestines of the person. At night females of pinworms leave an anus and lay eggs in the field of back pass, causing irritation and a severe itch. Being very easy, eggs of pinworms are transferred with air and settle on sheets, clothes or toys. When using of these things enterobiozy children and adults repeatedly catch. Larvae of pinworms which in 2 weeks turn into adult individuals are brought out of the eggs which got to an organism.
Therefore such symptoms as an itch in the field of back pass, the uneasy dream or emergence of dark circles under eyes have to guard parents.
Other widespread species of worms at children are of an ascarid . These parasites cause askaridoz - the illness taking the second place among helminthic defeats. The adult ascarid represents a roundworm
of the Ascarid to the child. In - the first, during migration of a larva can cause direct damages of intestines, liver, lungs. In - the second, ascarids can be the cause of the hardest allergy! Besides, being rather large worms, they can result in impassability of intestines, cause mechanical jaundice from - for overlappings of bilious channels or even asphyxia, having got into the top airways at heavy stages of development of a disease.are especially dangerous by
of the Ascarid in intestines to pregnant women as their larvae during migration on an organism can get through a placenta and infect future child. If at the same time larvae of helminth lodge in fruit lungs, then the kid can have the infinite “colds“ which not always are giving in to treatment.
Possible symptoms of an askaridoz: irritability, sleep disorders, headache, liquid chair, belly-ache, anemia and various skin manifestations - dermatitis, irritation, reddening.
of Toksokara - roundworms who can reach up to 40 cm in length. Eggs of these parasites develop in the soil, and pets can be carriers. Even the pet who is not infected with this parasite who just walks on the street can become an infection source for the person. At a toksokaroza of people is both intermediate, and main “owner“. In the first case at hit of eggs of parasites to a human body of a larva through a wall of a gut and on blood vessels get to various bodies and fabrics where are encapsulated, causing a larval form of an illness, and together with it an inflammation and an allergy. In the second case of a toksokara parasitize in intestines.