Rus Articles Journal

Beds and flower beds for a garden - the hands. 10 interesting ways

Flower beds, beds, the Alpine hills - passion of many summer residents. How to arrange them it is correct that were pleasing to the eye and demanded less leaving? What plants to plant in borders, rock arias and miksborder? In detail about placement of flowers in a garden.

Flower registration in a garden plays a special role. When flowers are chaotically scattered on all site or planted “at random“ to casual places, the considerable part of their charm can be lost, hidden from a look by other plants or “is killed“ with an unsuccessful combination. For achievement of the maximum decorative effect of a plant in a flower bed have to be selected on color shades, the sizes and terms of blossoming. Very important at the device of a flower bed to consider such factors as illumination of the chosen place, availability to the review, compatibility with a background, a possibility of regular watering.

Ideally any flower bed needs to design, create at first its sketch on paper and only then to move to the district. In flower beds allocate, as a rule, three parts. As a background serve the large-sized plants blossoming from the second half of summer till fall on the average plan - srednerosly copies, the majority of which pleases with blossoming at the beginning - the middle of summer. In the foreground place undersized perennials. Bulbous land in a middle part of a flower bed that gives the chance to cover the withering foliage after an ottsvetaniye. It is necessary to plan a flower bed in dynamics - to present change of paints from early spring to late fall.

the Border

the Border - the low narrow and dense strip made of one - two species of the carpet plants differing in high compactness. Borders apply as a bordering of edges of beds, a rabatok, passes. The border is the color frame of composition emphasizing its linear drawing. Height and width of a border from 10 to 100 cm, the most widespread are height 10 - 50, width of 30 - 60 cm

Flowers in a border have

on height: from the lowest, creeping - is closer to a path - to average and high on a background. It helps to carry out smooth transition from a horizontal surface to vertical and at the same time to show each plant in all beauty.

In bordyurny landings most often use plants, different not only by the compact growth, but also the dense invoice of a bush moderated by the growth speed, ability to keep shape for a long time.

the Bed

the Bed - a flower bed of a geometrical form (round, square, rectangular, etc.) . They are placed in the most ceremonial places of a garden.

are Allocated by two types of beds. The first of them - a carpet bed - is created from low-growing flower plants which as if create “cap“ over the Earth`s surface. The second type of a bed - flower - is created from the krupnotsvetushchy bright plants having the long term of blossoming. For jumping on beds are used as one-year (a petunia, a lobelia, a begonia, alissum, etc.) and perennial plants (forget-me-not, host, peony, poppy). Simultaneous continuous blossoming of plants is important for a bed.

Rabatk`s

Rabatk`s

- a squared flower bed, in the form of narrow strips from 1 wide to of 2 - 2,5 m, as a rule, the paths placed lengthways. Rabatki is arranged in regular gardens as multirow landings of one or several species of plants.

Near houses, economic constructions, and also paths are used by unilateral rabatka at whom larger component is taken out on a background. For registration of paths bilateral rabatka with rise along the median line also use.

Orchestra seats

Orchestra seats - the difficult flower bed formed by lawns, beds, rabatka, and also the fountains and sculptures making a whole. The elementary orchestra seats can consist of a lawn with a flower rabatka or a border at the edges. Important part of orchestra seats, as well as border, the carpet plants differing in the small growth and density of a covering are.

Soliternye`s

, or single, landings

large copies of plants Single, as a rule, carry out a role of accents in the most significant composite places of a garden: near the house, in vacation spots, on a lawn, on turn of a path. As soliter use plants with a beautiful form of a bush, large flowers or original inflorescences, the effective or unusually painted leaves.

of Group

Group landings - the most widespread type of landscape flower registration. They have a free outline and have to be looked through well from all directions. Groups make of plants of one look (pure) or several (mixed).

Miksborder

Miksborder - the mixed vegetable groups including not only flower plants, but also bushes, and also hvoynik. Miksbordera are characterized by a high-quality variety and repeated removability of blossoming of plants during the whole season. Plants select for height, compatibility of ecological factors, the speed of growth of cultures and terms of blossoming.

Low plants place

in the forefront, the highest - on back; transition from low plants to high has to be smooth, but rather dynamic; srednerosly plants occupy more considerable space, than high. The horizontal background is created most often by means of a lawn.

Flower beds in Natur Garden style

of Natur garden - one of the style directions of design of a garden landscape. A flower bed essence in Natur garden style - imitation natural vegetable communities. The main sense of such flower beds - to minimize care of them not to break their naturalness. Such compositions make mainly of native (local) types or overseas types, similar to them.

Rokariya`s

These decorative forms are popular

among those who want to create at themselves a site of a mountain landscape. The integral line of these decorative forms are carefully picked up stones on which it is as if unostentatious, in a natural disorder, plants are placed.

Rokariya`s

happen several types:

is colder than

In rock arias in the winter, is hotter in the summer; the good drainage promotes fast drying of the soil, the small volume of the soil defines insufficiency of nutrients. These conditions define the principles of selection of the range of plants for rokariyev. They have to be drought-resistant, winter-hardy and undemanding to fertility of the soil.

undersized dekorativnolistvenny cultures Most effectively look (carnations, a geykher, sedums, etc.) . Quickly fading bulbous (efemeroid) can be used as spring accents.

Wood plants in rock arias survive seldom, low types are most applicable: the juniper Cossack (Juniperus sabina), a kizilnik horizontal (Cotoneastr horizontalis), spire, etc.

Quality the rock aria depends on the applied technologies at its construction and an agrotechnology of cultivation of plants. It is the best of all to spread stones not on soil, and on the made a hole film or dense nonwoven ukryvny material which then are filled up with inert material (gravel, pebble, crushed stone, etc.) .

Containers

the increasing popularity is got in recent years by a container ozeleneneniye. It as well as possible will be suitable for registration of small country spaces, terraces, a patio and arbors. Containers traditionally call capacities where plant plants, they can be various form, the sizes and are made of different materials: wooden, concrete, plastic, ceramic and even brick. In recent years special large, many-tier metal containers were available for sale. The type of the container is chosen depending on the place which needs ornament. They are suspended, wall, floor.

Suspended and wall containers serve for creation of bright, bright spots in vicinities of the house (on lamps, trees, fastenings of canopies, walls of houses, etc.) . Their use is limited since the substratum in them quickly dries up, overheats or, on the contrary, is cooled. In them land compositions from drought-resistant, bright odnoletnik with the hanging-down escapes: a lobelia of Kaskad group, a petunia a surfiniya, an eucalyptus grassy, a geranium plyushchelistny, etc.

Creation of the suspended container - quite complex technological challenge since it is important to have the substratum which is well holding moisture and not overheating. For conditions of Moscow area such capacity has to have at the bottom a drainage layer, over it a layer of a sfagnumovy moss (or special polymers), capable to absorb and hold moisture, a layer of nonwoven fabric, a layer of a dense, moisture capacious, fertile soil in which plant plants. The surface of the soil is surely mulched for protection against an overheat and a siccation.

the Lower part of facades are decorated by the plants planted in floor containers. Such capacities can be the different sizes. In large (depth of 50 - 80 cm) can grow up not only flowers, but also bushes (a juniper Cossack, spire, Derain, an euonymus, some barberries). Spring blossoming is provided melkolukovichny (muskar, a crocus, a glory-of-the-snow) also by bulbous cultures (tulips and narcissuses). After them replace with the blossoming odnoletnik including curling (ipomeya, a nasturtium, a sweet pea, etc.). In floor containers well winter the evergreen pochvopokrovny plants forming the hanging-down escapes: budra, thyme, barvinok, yaskolka.

From the book “The Most Beautiful Flowers for a Garden“