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# How to teach the child to define time? Games with hours of

the Time sense is well developed even not at all adults, time is an abstract concept, it cannot be felt or seen. What to say about how it is perceived by children... There will pass several years before the child learns to realize accurately time extent, to use hours and to plan the time.

Understanding of time - category difficult, but already soon after the birth the kid feels his current: he gets used to the feeding mode, feels and sees change of day and night. Becoming is slightly more senior, he realizes change of times of days already more accurately, seizes the concepts “morning, day, evening, night“.

A bit later the child learns

about seasons, months, days of week. All these categories will smoothly bring the kid to acquaintance with hours.

time is often connected by

For the child with some concrete event. He will never tell:“ I was at the sea in June “, “ I ate ice cream at three o`clock“, and will tell:“ I got acquainted with Nikita when I was at the dacha “or“ I ate ice cream when we went to a zoo“.

Hours are means by means of which it is possible to teach the child to be guided in time and to define it. How in house conditions it is unostentatious and to acquaint the child with hours with interest?

With what to begin

## ?

Use

hours with big accurate figures and easily rotating shooters. Or let it will be the model of hours in which only hours are reflected (without minutes) and there is one hour hand.

Tell

to the child that this arrow shows hours and therefore is called “hour“. Show to what party it moves, and tell that such direction of the movement is called “clockwise“. Let the child will twist an arrow in the necessary party.

Work the concept “exactly an hour“ with the kid - for a start there will be enough such rough division. For this purpose establish an arrow at some certain o`clock and speak with the child that it, for example, “three hours exactly“. When the kid accustoms, ask it to expose some time. After working off of this skill, expose an hour hand at certain o`clock and teach the child to define and show the provision of an hour hand in an hour (two etc.) or, on the contrary, an hour ago (two etc.) .

## Hour and minute

When the kid will accustom with an hour hand, it is possible to begin acquaintance with minute. Add it on the model of hours. Pay attention of the child that a minute hand - long and thin, and hour - short and thick. Before passing to the following stage, consolidate knowledge of the kid of hour and minute arrows, let he will learn to distinguish them accurately.

Tell

that in one hour the minute hand passes all and when the hour hand shows “exactly“ hour, two etc., the minute hand is always lifted exactly up on a mark 12. Now work concept “exactly“ with hour and minute arrows.

Then gradually you pass

to a half. Show to the kid where is installed the shooter on the dial if there passed not the whole hour, but a half. Let he will be trained to establish a minute hand on a half of hour and to call time.

When all above-mentioned will be fulfilled by

and the kid will learn to be guided, it is possible to go further. You pass to the provision of a minute hand when 5, 10, 15 passes... 60 minutes. Use for this purpose the model of hours on which about the figures representing a number of hours there are figures showing the number of minutes.

## Why it is necessary?

Ability to define time on hours - skill hard. That it was easier and more interesting to child to master this ability, it is important to show its value. Kids can be interested in time if to connect it with events which are close and interesting to them: for example, viewing of interesting transfers, a campaign on walk, on a visit, etc.

Emphasize that it is important to know time not to be late anywhere. Draw houses the poster on which a big clock with designation of a certain hour and an event from the child`s life which corresponds to this time will be represented. For example, at 8 o`clock the child gets up: on the picture parents represent hours with an arrow at 8 o`clock, and nearby the image of morning rise, process of washing, a breakfast. For a start will be of 4 - 5 events enough, repeating every day at the same time in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening. Ask the kid: “In how many we go for a walk?“ or “In how many we look “Good night, kids!“?“. The child, looking for hours - the picture, will learn to call time. You can gradually change events and, respectively, time. So your kid without effort will master basic skills. And after their development it will be possible to pass to minutes.

Article is provided to

by a network of the centers of early development “The baby - club“