Rus Articles Journal

Italy: kindergarten and school. English in 3 years and work in 14 years of

What is brought up first of all in children in the Italian family? How the kindergarten and school in Italy are arranged? Why only the elite gets higher education, and to begin to work in 14 years it is considered normal?

If only the suit sat

the Russian responsible mummies is universal are anxious with development of the children. And even those who do not read the latest and modern grants on education nevertheless most of all think of advantage for the kid - his health, intelligence and talents. Surely organize to many kids of mother sessions of massage, a hardening, finger-type games for development of small motility and so on.

Cardinal difference of the Italian care of the child from Russian that they about it do not take a steam bath absolutely. My acquaintance tried to find the massage therapist for the crumb in Italy. At most, what it found, it the teacher for the advanced mothers of training in especially gentle maternal stroking for 200 euros in hour

In Russia exists the mass of sayings and the developing games with children in the form of the settled folklore. Therefore, probably, we such clever nation on average. At Italians children grow in itself, they have no analogs of a soroka - white-sided, the maximum is played in pat-a-cake.

at the same time toy stores are hammered with the most different games, and among them developing come across. Books for kids too very colourful, pictures detailed and with humour. While Russian, maybe, both less colourful and detailed, but there is that to read the kid.

Italians of children entertain and dress up. My son is constantly given the most fashionable trousers, t-shirts, jackets and boots. And here, for example, my Russian friends first of all sent the developing toys and books with the most effective techniques and exercises for kids about one year.

the Italian mothers do not read to

a lot of literature. Here got used to ask neighbors and the family. If everything is serious, go to the expert. It is not accepted to look for information at all. And when I learned answers to some questions on the Internet, and then my answers coincided with what was advised by the pediatrician, my Italians had a cognitive dissonance, their system was klinit: “From where you learned?“

Beauty and an order - two main values. And even the toddler has to correspond. Weekday, two elderly signoras, with pearls in ears and laying come to us on a visit. The child is 11 months old, he scattered toys and creeps from one to another. One of them gets up, starts walking on the apartment and to bring together them in a box, uttering the child that it scattered everything. While the signora follows the following toy, the kid pulled out already others two and laughs loudly.

- Excellent game! - I joke on it. - You come to us, the granny, more often.

colors, forms, animals and so on do not learn to distinguish

of Kids from the earliest age. In total on a payoff to the nature. The main skill which is sought to be imparted to the child at once, - to behave well. They from the infancy accustom to the words “no“ and it “is necessary“ and create restrictions. As their parents did, will do so and they. To me it is thought that the hidden nevrotizm of ordinary Italians and invisible restrictions which they to themselves create are born just in this moment. But Italian of two - and the three-year-old bravely it is possible to receive in the house. Children at them obedient and well-mannered, - it is expensive to Ljubo to look.

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In addition, from baby age cultivates taste to good clothes, requirement to look always beautiful. And instead of toys - a razvivalok little Italians receive skills of life in society. From half a year air-kisses begin to learn to send the child, to caress the handle, to embrace and so on.

the Habit to intensive communication begins to be developed very much early too. Already two-week kids are dragged dressed up on supermarkets, with them walked in the parks, visited, and everywhere communicate with kids. Strangers immediately smile, begin to carry on dialogues with the child, vividly react to any his reaction. In children such behavior of all adults cultivates those qualities around - openness and an allegriya (cheerfulness), - that so bribe in Italians.

in Russia is definitely not enough

of It for us. When my friend Nellie who lives in our town with the two-year-old girl Sofia arrived to St. Petersburg, saw how the child at first was confused. People met halfway, stood nearby, sat and passed by with dead-pans as if did not notice it.

- Russia is some walking depression! - Nellie`s srezyumirovala.

However, I consider that our countries perfectly supplement each other. I regret only for one: that before going to give birth to Italy, did not buy a baby sling in Russia. They even for it have no name - did not know how to translate when looked for after childbirth in local drugstores.

Italian childhood: English in three years

Children go to a garden in three years. The cost is determined by the income of parents. Who receives more, that pays more. At one costs 6 euros, and at others about 400 euros a month can reach. 2 - 3 separately pay euro a day for food. Gardens happen state and private. State praise more, cost is much higher, and tutors and teachers it is better. It because in Italy on public service select especially carefully.

Children are in a garden to 16 - 16. 30 one o`clock in the afternoon, then it is necessary to take away the child. For an additional fee from 60 euros a year, with the reference from work and the preliminary arrangement with the tutor it is possible to prolong stay of the kid at most to 18. 30. For the summer gardens are officially closed, and children have “holiday“ till September. But for surcharge in 10 euros a day the child can continue to go to a garden in July and August.

In a garden children plunge into a wonderful world of art - music, drawing, dances, songs, games in the fresh air and... English. This rather recent innovation, and it is fine. And some Italians of average years not up to the end the - are able to master native classical Italian, all on a dialect spur. And English for many is worse than a double-Dutch. I read exercises for Italians in one textbook of English. There every other time the offer in different options repeated: “English is very difficult. Oh, well such difficult...“

But especially art teachers in gardens blow the mind. Some of them - the real artists. And most of all attention is paid to creation by children of “works of art“ - pictures, sculptures, decor objects. The creative vein and search is encouraged.

I of course, there is a lot of music, children are learned to own some simple tool.

As teach

at the Italian school

the Italian children go To school in five or six years. Training at public school is free. It is divided into three parts: primary education - 5 years, then final and transition to secondary education which lasts three years. Then “passed examinations in system - did not hand over“. Further, in 14 years, the child chooses whether to go to him on the higher secondary education or to finish the school history. The second cycle of secondary education lasts 5 years, and after that it is possible to go to the university.

from school parents or grandmothers - grandfathers always have to take away

of Children. They under the law should not leave school alone.

Primary education is general education objects: reading, letter, arithmetics, drawing, music, foreign. They are obligatory. At will only the religion is studied. Children study five days, about 30 hours a week, at the end of each step testing is held. Classes at public schools quite big. Private expensive schools (at them system of payment same as in kindergarten, depends on the income of parents), their about 5% of total number, form classes less. The program of training at private schools is identical state, but they are forbidden to issue the certificates. Their pupils hand over state examinations on obtaining the certificate.

At high school learn Italian, history, geography, mathematics, natural sciences, a foreign language, art, music. After every year carry out tests, and upon termination of all course - final examinations: on Italian, mathematics and a foreign language written, in other objects - oral.

the System of the higher high school (scuola secondaria superiore), in principle, is analog of our professional educational technical schools or lyceums and can be focused on concrete branch - technical, cultural and so on. Or to prepare for entering a higher education institution. There study from 14 to 19 years. But a half of pupils decides not to be admitted to the higher high school. 30% of Italians already in 14 go to work and professions on the place are trained or help parents with family business (bar, a workshop, shop, a bakery and so on) which is inherited, as a rule.

the child spends Time out of school in oratorio is a parish children`s leisure center. Elderly nuns keep order, and priests arrange lectures for children and their parents. At each oratorio there are football and basketball fields, a playground, a scene, halls for dances, singing, discos and any circles. In oratorio to children it is rather cheerful, by means of games and entertainments there from young nails accustom to thought that the religion is a normal part of the life and a pressing need. Any tediousness, but there is a lot of respect and pleasure. This structure very effectively replaces a pioneering and scouts.

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to Whom needs the higher education

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At people with the higher education Italians look, how at newcomers from other world and with special respect. The average Italian does not seek to read, pore over tasks much at all. In 2011 at universities there were 20,3% of graduates of total number of young people till 34 years, and 41,4% arrived, only a half studied up, but it is a blue blood of the nation. In some higher education institutions there are even no entrance examinations, there is a record. It is simple to register it is possible only after obtaining the diploma of preparatory lyceum. They are classical, technical, humanitarian, linguistic and lyceums of arts. In 14 years the Italian person has to understand what he wants, to come to the relevant lyceum and after that to 19 - 20 years - to university.

In state universities is taught in Italian, in private mainly in English. Training at all universities paid, on average 700 - 1000 euro for academic year, and textbooks at own expense.

the higher education in Italy universities, technical colleges, university colleges and academies are a part of the system

. The higher education is divided into three stages, or a step too. The first C. D. U. (Corsi di Diploma Universitario) lasts 3 years and is analog of the bachelor. The second - C. L. (Corsi di Laurea) - lasts from 4 to 5 years, depending on specialty, medical, for example, study 6 years, and all 9 turn out even! The third corresponds to ours kandidatsko - to doctor`s level - Corsi di Dottorato di Ricerca and Corsi di Perfezionamento. Includes not only training and practice, but also own researches.

Foreigners rather easily can enter for study to the Italian university. And if there is already a diploma of the Russian institute, many objects perezachityvat. My familiar Russian Dasha arrived to Italy specially for study, and more than a half of objects of its Russian diploma just transferred to Italian.

Training is based not as in our higher education institutions. The student himself defines the program. It has obligatory disciplines which it has to pass and hand over, and as he will decide to organize all this - put it. Someone studies all week till half a day, someone decides to load three days to the maximum, and other four to have a rest. And it is actually possible to study in higher education institution also three years, and it is possible ten. Depends on own rhythm, nobody keeps in the same grade, there is no such concept.

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needs the Higher education in all more or less qualified specialties - well, it is clear about doctors, lawyers and psychologists. But in addition, to receive the place of the teacher at school, a senior position at factory and at desire to open, for example, the driving school, it is necessary to have the bachelor`s degree. It is possible to be incredibly talented and self-educated, but lack of the university diploma really closes before you the majority of doors. Some Italians bethink already at quite mature age and start going at first to evening preparatory school for adults for two years, and then arrive on the first step. But it not the mass phenomenon precisely.

From the book “Italy: love, shopping and dolce vita!“