Houseplants: lighting, watering, spraying, temperature - 4 main conditions of
Adding a new houseplant to the collection, we obtain also information on it - the necessary level of lighting and watering, feature of leaving... But what “shade-enduring“ means, for example? And how it is correct to carry out “plentiful watering“? Together with the author of the book about window plants we understand terms and we study the dangers which are concealed on a usual window sill.
It is possible to divide with a certain degree of convention all plants into the following categories:
- photophilous (well grow and develop at bright lighting at which lack can die);
- shade-enduring (look at sufficient lighting more decoratively, but also during some removal from a source of lighting can well grow and develop);
- and shade-loving (or if to be more precisely, teneindifferentny because lighting is also necessary for them, but owing to the natural features these plants can be content also with a small amount of light).
Solar location - well lit place with a quantity of direct sunshine. As a rule, it is window sills southern or Hugo - the east / western windows.
Bright scattered lighting - well lit place, but already without direct sunshine. It can be east or western window sills, regiments or supports on insignificant removal from windows (already at distance about 50 cm from a window intensity of lighting decreases almost twice). Even usual easy curtains give effective dispersion.
the Penumbra is already location on some (to 3 m) removal from a window. Practically as same it is possible to consider illumination level near windows with northern orientation.
At the solution of a question of intensity of lighting is taken into account and such features as objects behind a window (or their absence), the floor height, purity of windowpanes and even color scale of finishing of the room and furniture (at light paints intensity of lighting is higher).
the ratio of duration light and a night-time is of great importance For a number of plants.
For plants of short day (for example, a shlyumberger) a signal to blossoming is reduction of light day till 8 o`clock, otherwise they will only begin to expand, but will not blossom.
Some short-day plants for laying of flower kidneys even should be closed dark caps to sustain a proper correlation of length of day and night.
At long-day flowers (for example, at a saintpaulia), on the contrary, blossoming comes in the spring when day is extended, and nights become shorter. Using artificial additional lighting, it is possible to force such plants to blossom all the year round.
Because in room floriculture “natives“ from various climatic zones are used, and the amount of moisture is required to them a miscellaneous. So, for example, the cactuses and other succulents which are “not spoiled“ in native deserts by regular watering learned to survive, accumulate moisture in fleshy stalks or leaves and it is rational to spend it. And at the cyperus growing in boggy places at the slightest drying of the soil leaves begin to dry quickly and at watering renewal are not restored any more.
Plentiful watering - a plant is watered right after drying of an earth lump, and the surplus of water which filtered into the pallet is merged approximately in an hour as some of its quantity still can be absorbed to the soil. It is possible having watered with an immersion method (only for clay pots or wattled baskets) when the pot with a plant is immersed in water to the level of the soil and wait until vials of air stop leaving.
Moderate watering - after drying of an earth lump becomes a pause in
Rare watering - the break between waterings can be from a week to several months.
of Accurate algorithm of watering of houseplants is not present
and cannot be as both the frequency, and volume depend on many factors at once: the plant size in what container it grows, the surface area of the soil to which there is an evaporation of moisture, temperature and humidity indoors etc. It is necessary to resolve this issue individually.
the easiest way - to touch the soil. At plants which are recommended to be watered plentifully do not allow drying of a surface of an earth lump. At those to which moderate watering is shown it is necessary to check a condition of the soil at a depth of
plants accurately, an equal soft stream it is close to a soil surface. Water should not wash away roots and get on leaves (an exception representatives of family bromeliyevy which, on the contrary, should pour a little water in sheet sockets make). As the main indicator of correctly organized watering serves the beautiful magnificent plant with juicy bright leaves.Fast drying up of leaves, their sluggish hung look, emergence of yellowness, the short period of blossoming or subsidence of buds can signal
that it is not enough moisture. And yes the more so emergence of a mold will indicate emergence of brown spots, rotting of stalks or foliage your excessive diligence. Also you should not forget about periodic loosening of the soil - roots need not only water, but also air. Neither that, nor another gets into a dense earth lump with a crust on a surface. >
For watering it is desirable for p to use warm (room temperature or is a little warmer) defended (one - two days) tap water. It is possible to apply rain or thawed snow, but only in case of a favorable ecological situation in the region. And water from springs or keys can be even more rigid or saturated with iron, than water that will also not do good to plants.