Rus Articles Journal

Garden paths on the seasonal dacha: gravel, stone blocks, concrete?

Very often garden paths on the seasonal dacha appear spontaneously, without any plan. But that who decided to master a new site or to change old, in the field of landscaping not to do without knowledge. So, why it is necessary to begin with paths and what they can be?

With what to begin

with

?

Having measured by

by means of a roulette all parties of a site or having taken the scheme received in BTI as a basis begin to draw a detailed plan on the sheet of graph paper. The most suitable scale for a small garden (it it is considered to be a site no more than 20 hundred parts in size) 1:100, that is 1 cm of paper will be equal to 1 m of the earth. Photograph the most important fragments of a site, it will help when developing the plan.

Note

on the plan of a site of part of the world, designate places of an entrance and entrance, put in scale all available structures with the indication of an arrangement of doors and windows, reservoirs, wells, hatches, sewer and other communications, and also the existing trees and green hedges if there are no serious reasons for their removal.

Having organized garden space by means of a large-scale grid, connect by garden paths functional zones among themselves, with the house and other structures, gate and a gate, having provided also paved platforms - a patio, around the pool, before garage etc.

Irrespective of material of which they are made, garden paths have to be such that they could use in any weather: and during incessant rains, and early in the spring, and in ice. The entrance or entrance road most often the straight line, walking paths have to be located so that they allowed to admire beautiful corners of a garden. Width of a path depends on its appointment: width of the main paths has to be of 1,0 - 1,5 m; auxiliary - of 60 - 80 cm the Minimum width of the path allowing to miss each other to freely two meeting halfway people is equal to 70 cm. It is unreasonable to save the garden area at the expense of width of garden paths.

of the Path is not just earth strips on which it is convenient to go but also the decorative element emphasizing style of the estate or even in certain cases dictating it. Think over the direction and an arrangement of garden paths on the seasonal dacha, having provided the shortest ways to important objects on a site and having harmoniously coordinated them to walking routes.

Than to pave

?

Very stylishly if in a paving of paths near the house material of the house is partially used. If you have a brick house, will be just remarkable if the path or the platform near the house combines, for example, a brick with a concrete tile or the brick will okantovyvat a paving from a natural stone. But the brick can be used only brick, usual construction will in a couple of years be scattered.

the socle of the house Revetted with a stone assumes application of a stone and in a covering of the paths adjoining it. Running away from the building in a garden, from one zone in another, the garden path can change: the stone blocks is replaced plitnyak, and by its, in turn, bulk tape from gravel. The soft overflowing of coverings can be carried out by their combination in places of transition, and also due to repetition of elements of the previous covering in the following.

it would be wrong to think that the site with the wooden house should be paved only a tree. Wood materials are well combined with a natural stone, gravel, concrete or keramogranitny plates. If you have a magnificent stone house in the English spirit and you would like to design a garden in the same style, make gravel paths. It will be very in English!

Concrete, a stone, a stone blocks

Most often apply concrete plates of various forms and colourings which stack on a sandy pillow to paths, is the most inexpensive way of the device of paths, and it is most widespread. External neutrality of this material allows to adapt it for any tone and style of registration of a site, and also to combine with other types of coverings.

One more way of the solution of a path or the platform - a concrete or cement monolith. Such covering differs in high durability, but looks sadly. However, the monolithic path or the platform can be decorated, for example, to issue impregnations of pebble, color glass, ceramics. It is rather simple: arrange a sandy pillow on that place which you assume to issue by means of concrete, make the lines of a paving chosen by you of strips of plywood and fill in them with cement a layer of 7 - 10 cm, leaving intervals about 7 cm thick between separate fragments. When cement grabs, press into it pebbles or other jewelry. In intervals between “plates“ it is possible to plant a suitable pochvopokrovny plant.

Are good

for a paving and, of course, much more interestingly plates from a natural stone are not thinner than of 5 - 6 cm - stack them on sand without concrete too. Thinner stone (layers not less than 4 cm thick suit for a paving of paths) needs to be concreted.

Krom of a plitnyak, as material for a paving the stone blocks is most known to

. Its high cost is compensated by refinement and quality. During the laying of a stone blocks or a paving a stone it is necessary to maintain the small bias in a cross profile of a path allowing to provide an active drain of water from a surface. A bias in of 2 - 3 cm on running meter of width of a path, counting from its longitudinal axis, it is provided at the expense of the device of the basis of the corresponding form or in the course of laying of a stone blocks on dry mix. Fixing of a roadbed is provided at the expense of the extreme tiles stacked on cement mortar. It is desirable to arrange edges of paths level with soil level, without being afraid of possible pollution of a surface of a path fertile soil, - over time the lawn forms the powerful dernina which is strongly connecting soil particles.

Wooden paths

Now in the Russian gardens began to use actively wooden paths and floorings as their nonslipping options appeared. The best material for our climatic zone is not decaying larch. To build wooden floorings more simply and quicker, than to pave the same area. The tree warm, is much more pleasant if the platform for chaise lounges around a reservoir of the correct form is paved not by a tile, but a tree. And in a forest zone of a garden not paved paths, but the paths from wooden floorings put on the whetstones and thus raised over the earth will look much more logically and more naturally. Whetstones, in turn, are established on gravel. Boards in a flooring establish with a gap 1 - 2 cm for airing. It is the best of all to use a larch.

Once in Siberia the whole roads paved

checkers from end faces of its logs. This breed differs in the big durability, moisture resistance, unique drawing of wood. Do “a garden parquet“ of it - square and triangular sections (the Basic Element has the size 50 × 50 cm) gained from wide laths. And to wooden sidewalks apply boards with the velveteen profile excluding sliding in rainy weather. It is necessary to stack “a garden parquet“ on small (to 15 cm) a gravel pillow.

Wooden paths can be made by

of penk - the round timbers laid vertically or of wooden rectangular chocks, and also from cross cuts of thick trees of 10 - 12 cm thick For are sewn up a tree it process an anti-septic tank. At first by means of pegs and a rope plan borders of a path or the platform, then dig out a bed of the corresponding depth (most often of 25 - 30 cm), strew a bottom with sand which is leveled and stamp, over it stack gravel which is carefully leveled, plentifully water and well stamp. Then start laying of round timbers, chocks or saw cuts which densely adjust to each other, in gaps between large checkers “squeeze“ smaller. After that from above fill gravel so that all gaps were filled, and well stamp it, watering.

the Cobble-stone and gravel

Well looks the path which is laid out by a cobble-stone. As the base for it serves the gravel layer with the sand layer filled over it with clay. Laid out randomly or in the form of a pattern, the cobble-stone will become effective decoration of a landscape. The combination of a wooden flooring with cobble-stones will strengthen “yaponistost“ of the Japanese garden created by you.

Gravel paths are universal

in use, they can be arranged both on an entrance to the house, and in the most remote parts of a site. They are beautiful the naturalness, are inexpensive, it is easy to make them, having given any form. Carry out them a little profound in comparison with a soil surface. Under a gravel path dig out a trench of of 15 - 20 cm in depth and well stamp its bottom. To exclude germination of weeds and “utekaniye“ of gravel to the earth, stack geotextiles on a bottom. Borders are necessary for gravel paths, otherwise the loose covering “will run up“ on flower beds and a lawn. Gravel is filled thin layers with dense tamper of each layer.

in process of removal from the house, for example in walking part of a garden, use absolutely other materials. It will emphasize that here other zone. A combination of materials for a paving - very interesting reception, at skillful use it will emphasize stylistics of each zone and at the same time will unite garden composition in a single whole. You should not apply only more than three materials to a paving at the same time.

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It is used lawn lattices

of a path Now and platforms often do with application of lawn lattices, the sotovidny panels manufactured of polyethylene of a high pressure. The lattice established on the prepared basis is covered fertile with earth and sowed with a grass. As a result the lawn having high mechanical durability (maintains loading to 200 t/sq.m), which can serve as the parking for the car, an access or walking path turns out.

the fact that unlike a lawn usual on it it is possible to go early in the spring and to any weather Is important

.

Lawn lattices - designs modular, they are supplied with reliable connection on latches and are easily mounted. Necessary bends of paths carry out by means of the cutting tools. Basis thickness under lattices is defined by character of load of a surface. For example, peschano - the gravel pillow on entrance to garage has to have thickness of 20 - 25 cm, on the place of a parking - 30 cm

by means of cells of a lattice it is possible not only to grow up the lawn resistant to mechanical influences on which it is possible to go to any weather at all seasons of the year. If to fill up small gravel in cells, then the gravel platform, an access path or the parking will turn out.

If in a garden the forest zone, then in it logically is and not paved paths, but wooden floorings, and also paths from gravel or spill will naturally look.

to

Is done once and for all

In England is considered to be that the cost of a garden has to make about a third of cost of the house. At us invest money in a garden so far not really willingly though only merge of the house to surrounding space will give feeling of comfort and rest and the identity of the owner will emphasize. It is better to do some things in a garden qualitative at once and expensive - paths which should be done for a long time also belong to them it is desirable once and for all.

to become the owner of a beautiful and qualitative path on the seasonal dacha, it is necessary to meet two main conditions.

First - it is correct to p to perform all preparatory work for creation of a bed under a path and to carefully carry out laying. The second - to use qualitative material for a paving. Any path has to have longitudinal (3 - 6 cm on 1 m) and cross (2 cm by 1 m) biases that on it there was no water. The paving in a garden has to be slightly higher than a lawn (on of 1 - 1,5 cm).

Should not “cut“ a lawn a wide path, the step-by-step path from the separate tiles laid directly on a lawn will be much more pertinent here. Calculation is simple: from the middle of a plate it is necessary to measure of 60 - 63 cm (it is the average length of a step), to lay the following plate, and it is ready!

If on the site equipped in landscape style it is a lot of intersections, then, most likely, you were mistaken with planning. Ideal option for a small garden (the area to of 15 - 20 hundred parts) - the closed circular walking path with branches. Planning paths on a site and choosing their directions, it is necessary to try to find the right decision at which the pleasant route of walk on a garden will be organized, the lawn will be split up less, and distances between separate structures and zones of a site will be whenever possible short.

the plan of a site is the most correct to make

at first, to plan on it paths and to try “to take a walk“ in it. If you consider scheduling too difficult, can plan paths on the earth by means of a tape and pegs and to walk on them is not virtual any more. Remember that paths have to be not only functional, but also have beautiful lines of borders. Correct everything that is not pleasant to you. Walk once again. Continue in the same spirit and finish process only when you find the ideal solution. it is required by

of Paths on a site to p much - it is necessary for simplification of care of a garden, the device of recreation areas, a possibility of evening walk, easy access to all objects on a site during any season of year. As a rule, the area under a paving and paths makes from 5 to 20% of land area. When it is not enough paths on a site, it is inconvenient, but you should not go also into other extremes when the area occupied with a paving is unfairly big, - the garden stops being a garden.

From the book “Landscaping.
the hands - from the project to the embodiment“