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Whether it is possible for pregnant women … Vegetarianism: the advantage and harm of

Disputes on possible advantage or harm of vegetarianism proceed decades, and the end yet is not expected by it. Especially often the subject of vegetarianism sounds during the Lent when believers try to avoid food of an animal origin. We will consider a practical question: whether it is worth adhering to vegetarianism during pregnancy?

Vegetarianism - a way of life

In modern representation vegetarianism is the way of life meaning first of all the food excluding the use of flesh of animals. A great number of the famous people adhered to vegetarianism, but if Lev Tolstoy became that because felt sorry for animals, then Adolf Hitler wanted to live till hundred years.

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knows Vegetarianism since Ancient Greece. Pythagoras, Diogenes, Platon and Plutarch were the most famous vegetarians of that time. They considered that animals have soul as well as people and that it can regenerate then in the person. It has something in common with ideas of reincarnation in Hinduism. Distribution of Christianity in Europe in the Middle Ages promoted refusal of so-called of a Pythagorean diet as in this religion it is considered that the animal is created for satisfaction of needs of the person.

Platon describes vegetarianism as the most suitable diet for ideal society, and considers vegetable food most of all promoting health of the person.

Types of vegetarianism

the Renaissance of vegetarianism occurred in the XVIII-XIX centuries, when humanistic ideas endured revival. Now there are hundreds of types of vegetarian diets which can be united in several general groups conditionally.

Veganism - the absolute vegetarianism meaning an exception of any lethal food. Vegans practice full refusal of food of an animal origin, including fish, seafood, eggs and dairy products. Some refuse to eat also honey, including it with “a product of operation of bees“. Also vegans can refuse application of products from animals in life (furs and skin) and uses of products which were tested for animals.

of Ovovegetarianstvo is allowed by the use in food of eggs, but does not allow some dairy products.

Lactovegetarianism - the use besides vegetable food of dairy products.

Laktoovovegetarianstvo`s

allows both eggs, and dairy products.

of Fruktorianstvo - a diet where fruit are used, nuts, seeds and other types of vegetable food, but only provided that it does not do harm to plants.

also other types of diets with this or that restriction of animal products, such as seven-vegetarianism - the diet excluding the use of red meat, but allowing a bird and light meat, a fleksitarianstvo at which perhaps rare use of meat, fish and birds, and also other types of semi-vegetarian diets Exist.

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It is interesting that there is no unity even in interpretation an origin of the term “vegetarianism“. In the standard opinion, this word came from Latin vegetalis (vegetable), but the Vegetarian society created in 1847 and attributing itself introduction to use of the new term considers that it was formed from Latin vegetus (vigorous, full of strength, strong, live).

of People from the biological point of view

From the biological point of view of the person cannot be carried neither to herbivorous, nor to predators - it is an omnivorous being . The device of a gastrointestinal tract such is that we equally well cope also with vegetable food, and with food of an animal origin. Our teeth have no sharp canines as at a tiger to break off flesh of the victim, but they also are not adapted for the use of a large number of vegetable food (at a cow chewing teeth have a flat surface, are not enameled and constantly grow). The structure of a stomach and intestines also differs both from predators, and from herbivorous, holding a certain intermediate position.

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So harmfully or vegetarianism for the person is useful for

? If it is short, then it is possible to answer so: for good vegetarian nutrition it is insufficiently simple to exclude meat and other products of an animal origin, it is necessary to replace them similar in a nutrition value and it is correct to plan a diet.

In the XX century vegetarianism gained the greatest distribution, and in each country under the slogan “I Eat Nobody!“ communities of adherents began to appear.

of Advantage and shortcomings of vegetarianism

the Analysis of results of five largest researches on studying of death rate of 76 000 vegetarians and not vegetarians leading a similar life showed to

decrease in level of an indicator of mortality from coronary heart disease by 24% at vegetarians. The arterial hypertension occurs at vegetarians less often, than at not vegetarians. The index of body weight is lower at strict vegetarians, at the same time does not differ from those who eat fish.

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noted practically twice decrease in risk of development of diabetes 2 - go type at vegans and vegetarians in comparison with not vegetarians.

Within the research EPIC - Oxford (more than 63,5 thousand. the person) it is established that the cancer cases occur among vegetarians less often (all types in total), at the same time cases of cancer of large intestine, on the contrary, diagnose among vegetarians more often.

However at incorrectly balanced vegetarian diet at vegetarians development of deficiency of protein, iron, calcium, an omega - 3 fatty acids, vitamins D, In 12 and zinc is possible

.

Medical recommendations

According to a position of the American association of nutritionists of 2009, a joint position of the American association of nutritionists and Nutritionists of Canada of 2003, a position of the New Zealand association of nutritionists of 2000, and also help article of the British institute of food of 2005, correctly planned vegetarian diet, including vegansky, is healthy, full and can bring benefit in prevention and treatment of certain diseases, it is suitable for people of any age, for pregnant women and the feeding women, for children and teenagers, and also for athletes. At the same time the German society of food considers a vegetarian diet suitable as a constant, but does not recommend strict vegetarianism, especially to children.

Vegetarianism during incubation of the child

during pregnancy the need for nutrients and minerals increases. Whether the vegetarian food is capable to compensate possible deficiency of some macro - and micronutrients? Whether your ethical aspirations an obstacle for health and wellbeing will become? It is unambiguously possible to tell the following: at approach of pregnancy you should not change sharply the diet, transition to vegetarian food can take rather big time. Quite another matter, if the woman is not the first year a supporter of vegetable food. There are several key substances on which it is necessary to pay special attention.

So, reception of calcium lacto-vegetarians is comparable with that and even sometimes above, than at not vegetarians whereas at strict vegetarians it is lower than the recommended indicators. It is recommended to include in the diet at least four portions of food rich with calcium daily. These are such products as sesame, almonds, sunflower sunflower seeds, beans, figs, the Chinese sheet cabbage, broccoli, soy tofu cheese, the soy milk enriched with calcium.

Iron contains in vegetable food, though in significantly smaller concentration in comparison with animal. The second problem is that this element is present there at a negemovy form which is more sensitive to substances (fitata) interfering its absorption. On the other hand, a large amount of vitamin C and organic acids helps with vegetables and fruit to digestion of negemovy iron. The soaking and a prorashchivaniye (and also a fermentirovaniye) bean, grain and seeds reduces in them the maintenance of fitat and promotes digestion of iron. However in the second half of pregnancy the need for iron can sharply increase, irrespective of food type, and the pregnant woman the additive to food of preparations of iron can be necessary.

Comprehensibility of zinc at vegetarians is also lower than

. It is possible to strengthen it also by a soaking and a prorashchivaniye bean, grain and seeds, and also a bread zakvashivaniye.

the Main source of synthesis of vitamin D is the skin getting under influence of UF of beams, a quantity of an element contains in milk and its products and in eggs. Considering it, vegetarians in a winter season should recommend the use of special additives.

the Vegetarian diet, as a rule, the rich omega - 6 fatty acids, does not contain enough an omega - 3 fatty acids . Dokozageksayenovy acid (DHA) and eykozapentayenovy acid (EPA) concern to the most valuable to the person. They not only interfere with accumulation of fat in an organism, but also are very important for formation of a brain and sight of the child, are useful to brain blood circulation. Vegetarians have to include surely in the diet linseed oil and a linen seed, walnuts, rape, hempy and soy oils.

Clinical trials proved that in an organism of vegetarians it is reduced the level of 12 vitamin B as it does not contain in vegetable food in a form, suitable for the person. Perhaps, it is the only question on which at “herbivorous“ and “carnivorous“ disputes is not present: vegetarians have to accept without fail 12 vitamin B or the products enriched with it.

the Vegetable food is, as a rule, defective

on qualitative amino-acid structure and does not contain in a due measure of irreplaceable amino acids. Here soy protein which is absolutely full-fledged on amino-acid structure and is capable at daily inclusion in time of pregnancy to compensate the increased need for protein comes of vegans to the rescue.

each person solves

As well as what to eat. Both at vegetable, and the animal food has pluses and minuses. There is a wish to emphasize that doctors did not prove harm of the use of meat in general but only its excess daily absorption. And even not so much meat, how many animal fats. Perhaps, the most reasonable vegetarian diet for the pregnant woman - mild, with the use of dairy products and eggs. Future mother needs to tell the gynecologist about the vegetarianism, and he together with the nutritionist will help to make the correct diet for all nine months of pregnancy.