Rus Articles Journal

We learn to read without alphabet: And cheerful games

When you teach the child to read 13 checked ways, the most important - to explain why it needs it. That is it is necessary to create motivation, to interest the kid. And in what to interest the child if not fascinating, fascinating game?

What it is a letter?

to learn letters, it is not obligatory to buy expensive grants or a lotto at all - it is possible to make a lot of things literally in five minutes independently. The main thing that games were various and it were pleasant to you and your child. It is very important to children to feel everything, and letters can be put from any improvised materials: calculating sticks, matches, pieces of macaroni to mold them from plasticine...

Look for a letter! If the child likes to lead round and paint over, then we write on a sheet of paper of pieces of 15 small letters similar on writing, but the different size and color: And, P, N, L, D, or Sh, E, Shch, H, C, Y, or B, V, F, R, Ya, Y. Mozhno to think out the most different tasks - to lead round only And, or to lead round all identical in one color, or to connect identical letters paths, or to emphasize one, to lead round others in a circle, and the third to cross out a cross - crosswise...

of the Letter on cards. Can make several sets with identical cards, on each of which to write on one letter. You with the child take on a set of cards (begin literally with of 2 - 3 small letters, and at first - with vowels), say a sound, for example, “About“ and you show such card. The kid looks for at himself same. Then you say a sound, and he looks for the necessary card. Then you can play “silent cinema“ - you round a mouth as though you want to tell “About“, and the kid guesses what sound you were going to say. You extend lips a tubule as though you are going to tell “At“, and the kid says “At“ and looks for a card with this letter.

On what letter begins

? we mastered This game years in three. At first I specially allocated the first letter (more precisely, a sound): “And - and - and - a water-melon on what begins? And on what letter begins at - at - a duck? And sh - sh - sh - a cap?“


what I told? Approximately in three years we began to play also games with syllables. To spell, it is useful to be able to break any word into syllables and then to collect it in whole. I spoke at first with small pauses, then with averages, then with big: “Ma. Ma. What will turn out? Correctly, mother!“ Why this game? And in order that sometimes children whom strenuously learn to read can pronounce the word on syllables, but at the same time do not understand that for the word they read.

Kosh.? Ma`s
. Shi. On?
of KA. Sha?
of Ru. Bash.?
of Av. That. Beads?

Continue by

the word. I tell the beginning of the word, and the child guesses that further. “Kosh?“ - “KA!“ - Galya joyfully speaks.

- With - oh?-!
- To? - Mick! To - horns! To - ska!
- Ry? - Oh!
-? - Nice fellow! - a roar! - revnya!
- To - ro? - Wa! Cow! Crown! Box!

Objects and words

to the Child it is very important to p to understand a difference between the words and real objects designating them.“ ONIONS“ are a word, and it does not pinch eyes, and it is better to depart from the real onions far away when mother cuts it.

If to the kid is pleasant to consider

everything, then it is possible to count how many in the word of small letters. At first we played so with the written words, and then Grishka learned to determine length of short words aurally. When the kid understands how to play, suggest to compare what word is longer:“ onions“ or “potato“, “umbrella“ or “umbrella“, “snake“ or “worm“, “pencil“ or “pencil“?

Zaytsev`s Cubes. I tried to teach Grishka on Zaytsev`s cubes, but it did not cause enthusiasm in it. He was interested in a sound more: Grishka was ready to open each cube to look that he knocks there or rings inside.

On the one hand, idea of syllables on cubes - brilliant. On the other hand, personally cubes were pleasant to me much more, than to my children, - here I do not know in what here a secret... Possibly, in the conditions of big group of children cubes work better, but at home it not the most convenient grant. Usual cards from a lotto suited us more.

However, sometimes Grishka agreed to esteem a little on cubes.

Magnetic alphabet. At us magnetic letters hung not on a board, and on the refrigerator, and we read nearly an every day a two-three of words. Sometimes Grisha himself put some words and asked me to read that at him turned out.

Guess all word entirely. I made This game for the son herself: at the left on a leaflet I write 4 - 5 short words, and on the right - pictures to them, but in other order. For example, whale, cat, house, smoke, wood, poppy, cancer, elephant, table, chair, window, stork, oak, sea, fish, water, knife, ball, ball.

to Grishk`s

is read by the word, leads round it and connects to the necessary picture. Thus he learned to learn all word entirely and understood a reading essence. Some consider that it is necessary to learn to connect letters in syllables, but it seems to me, what is far more important, that the child understood an essence - these letters designate a certain real subject!


couples. the heap of old cards from different lottos rolled At our place. At first I just signed all words with a felt-tip pen from a reverse side. Then chose from them ten pair pictures, and we began to play so. I put cards pictures down, and letters, so, up. Grishka looks for identical words, reads, overturns pictures, checking himself, - and takes away couple of pictures to himself. Grishke this game was pleasant to those that the mountain of cards very quickly grew.

“Here how many I won

!“ - he spoke it is proud.

Ridiculous book. we Take several sheets of paper, we put them in half and it is sewed in the book. Then we turn the book a bend up and we cut pages on 3 or 4 parts. On each strip we write the word that the phrase turned out.


the Father

cuts Ania

eats the Cat


paints Masha

washes Petya






an oak.





a mushroom.



a fence.



a table.



a chair.

Can read to the child aloud each phrase, but to overturn a page not all entirely far more cheerfully, and in parts. Then ridiculous phrases turn out:


washes the Father

the Cat






a table.



a fence.

Can paint with

vertical parts in different colors: subject in one color, a predicate - to others, addition - the third... It is possible to emphasize them at once as at school, - the child will remember it easily even if you do not pay special attention to it.

of the Note and the letter

to Many children likes to look for prizes and treasures. At first you buy ten simple envelopes and put simple notes of type in each envelope: “Look for in a case“. It is possible to put directly in a case a prize, and it is possible to leave the second envelope there:“ Look for at the father on a table “, “ look for in kitchen under a chair“.

As the child learns to read, it is possible to leave it and more difficult notes.

When the child will begin to read off short phrases, it is possible to send it letters - from the gnome, from a cat, from fairy tale characters - as it is pleasant to you more.

Well, and it is necessary to find further the simple book which it would be interesting to child to read, begin to read aloud - and to leave unfinished in a visible place. One children begin to read with thin children`s books. Other thin books are despised and want to read the presents at once, that is thick. My brother, for example, began to read with thick volume of stories of Nosov. to my son it was boring for p to read to

the alphabet where Nina and Inna at a window. In many alphabets and abc-books add on one letter for a lesson, and Grishke it was not so important because he knew almost all letters. And I began to think out for it short stories, and such which it would be interesting to it to read, - about boys who built a tent, about the ship which floated to Africa. I wrote these stories with printing letters on a usual sheet of paper, and the new word appeared not earlier, than Grisha read all previous. The son tried to read somewhat quicker to learn, what was farther.

the First experience of reading is very difficult for

for the child, especially so far he reads each word long and hardly. Help it, support him at this stage! Many children, being able to put letters in words, do not read because hesitate of adults - are afraid that they over them will laugh or tease...

to What you taught

the children, the result will be not one, and a little. Let`s assume, you teach the kid to read. The first result is obvious - the kid began to read. Hurrah! Second result: the child could change the relation to study in general, for example, now he considers that to study something new - it is very interesting (or, on the contrary, that it is very boring). Third result: your relations with the child change. If you successfully taught to read it, but it was given at the price of threats, shouts, scandals, then, perhaps, it was better not to learn - but to remain friends...

From the book “Games for the Beginning Mothers“