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Pregnancy and teeth: how to keep? 5 questions to the stomatologist of

B than reason of numerous problems with teeth and gums from which future mothers suffer? How to them to keep a healthy smile and whether it is possible to be treated at the stomatologist during pregnancy? We answer the most important questions of pregnancy and teeth.

Stomatologists on reception often hear the same history from patients:“ The doctor, my teeth “fell down“ during (later) pregnancy“. Many women have a feeling that the child during pre-natal development “takes away“ calcium from mother`s teeth, provoking caries and diseases of gums.

Actually it is the myth which does not have scientific confirmation. The calcium reserves necessary for development of the kid are not filled at the expense of mother`s teeth. Why then during pregnancy problems with teeth are aggravated?

What happens to teeth and gums during pregnancy?

Most often during this period of the woman complain of an exacerbation of such diseases as caries, gingivit, a periodontal disease. Each of them can lead to loss of teeth in the absence of timely treatment.

the Catalyst of carious processes also. Nausea and vomiting, and also change of habits of food (a large amount of carbohydrates) cause violation kislotno - alkaline balance of oral cavities, demineralization of teeth and development of caries. If not to carry out sanitation of a mouth before pregnancy, then even insignificant carious defeats in nine months can turn into the big centers.

during pregnancy change of a hormonal background (level of estrogen and progesterone) and decrease in immunity happens that can lead to violation of reaction of a gum to formation of a dental plaque. Disregarding a usual dental plaque and treatments, you risk to cause its regeneration in a scale which can injure all tooth.

the Dental plaque provokes also development of a gingivit - an infection mucous a mouth which is shown by puffiness, reddening and bleeding of gums. From - for the changed hormonal background any inflammatory reaction takes place in an organism of future mother more violently therefore in a different way the disease is called “hypertrophic gingivit“ or “gingivit pregnant women“. If not to cure it, then it can pass into a periodontal disease, so, the gradual rassasyvaniye or a decrease of a bone tissue, suppuration of desnevy pockets and mobility of teeth will be added to the listed symptoms.

However should not connect sharp deterioration in health of an oral cavity with pregnancy nevertheless. If you maintained due hygiene of an oral cavity before pregnancy, regularly visited routine inspections and did time in half a year professional cleaning, then all listed above problems, most likely, will not concern you.

Another matter if you never removed tooth deposits and did not finish the cure of caries. Even if they practically did not disturb you before pregnancy, then during it the problems which are already “acquired“ earlier most likely will be aggravated.

“tooth“ diseases of mother Can affect health of the kid?

Painful teeth and the inflamed gums are an infection source for all organism. From a carious cavity microbes can get via the root channel into blood and even to provoke violations in work of internals (heart, kidneys, etc.) .

Besides, the last researches assume that premature birth and the birth of children can be connected with the lost weight, including, and with diseases of gums - the infection in an organism of mother can have an adverse effect on a state of health of the child. Therefore routine inspections at the stomatologist are extremely important for health and the child, and mother.

When to visit the stomatologist and what procedures are allowed?

the Optimal variant - to solve all stomatologic problems and to make professional cleaning in advance, before pregnancy planning to minimize possible risks. But if you started a situation, and treatment at the stomatologist during pregnancy cannot be avoided, then it is necessary to remember precautionary measures.

So, in the first and third trimesters it is necessary to be limited to only urgently necessary procedures, surely having consulted with the attending physician - the gynecologist concerning anesthesia or administration of drugs. Proceeding from these recommendations, in the first trimester your stomatologist has to define need of hygienic toothbrushing and therapeutic treatment.

the safest time for carrying out stomatologic treatment is the second trimester (with 14 - y on 26 - yu weeks). At this stage it is possible to carry out all manipulations - with observance of precautionary measures, of course. However, if it is possible, then it is better to avoid introduction of pharmaceutical preparations to the woman`s organism.

during pregnancy extremely is not recommended to do to

such procedures as implantation and prosthetics, to resort to surgical treatment, and also removal of a scale. It is connected with anesthesia application.

to Pregnant women treatment of caries and diseases of a parodont, inflammatory processes in gums and teeth, removal of teeth (non-invasive), installation of briquettes is authorized to

(if there is no mobility of teeth). whether

Can do to


a X-ray and anesthesia during pregnancy?

Many experts, including from the American stomatologic association, note that if it is possible to avoid x-ray pictures during pregnancy, then it is better to be reinsured and refuse this type of diagnostics. The same concerns also anesthesia.

However if the X-ray and anesthesia nevertheless are necessary for

, it is necessary to resort to them in the second trimester since in the first trimester there is laying of vitals of the child, and in the third it is already physically heavy to woman to do any procedures. At the choice of the anesthetizing preparation your stomatologist should choose anesthetics with the minimum quantity of adrenaline.

As for a X-ray, the type of research which is officially resolved for pregnant women and the feeding mothers is diagnostics on the dental computer tomograph. Beam loading in this case is minimum. Besides, the device gives to the doctor the chance with high precision to reveal problems at the earliest stages of diseases that allows to avoid diagnostic mistakes and complications.

How to look after teeth during pregnancy?

Limit to

So that diseases of teeth and gums did not sadden the most important period in the woman`s life, to it should be prepared in advance - to descend on reception for the stomatologist, to get rid of caries and inflammatory diseases of gums, and also to regularly pass professional hygienic cleaning.