Take care, alcohol!
It is known that alcohol which we take in the form of drinks represent ethyl alcohol, or ethanol.All know
also that it is capable to cause the most various changes in a human body. Manifestation and expressiveness of these changes depend on duration and intensity of impact of alcohol on an organism - so-called alcoholization, and also to a large extent - on specific features of the person. The complex of the pathological manifestations arising at long unlimited alcohol intake carries the name of an alcoholic disease. Its symptoms, alas, are well-known, and I on them will not stop.
However the most sad - the fact that alcohol is capable to influence not only health drinking, but also on its posterity.
However, numerous researches could not establish direct link between alcoholization of the father and any pathological deviations at his child. Nevertheless, should not take life easily the stronger sex as the alcoholic disease at men is shown, among other, in violations of sexual function in general: decrease in a libido, potentiality and others.
A here as for women, alcohol intake during pregnancy not harmlessly. Ethanol easily breaks a placentary barrier, quickly gets to fruit blood, and the so-called teratogenny effect, that is ability to cause congenital uglinesses (from Greek teratos - a monster) can result. This effect was proved, in particular, in experiences on chicken embryos when they were exposed to continuous influence of vapors of ethanol. The high percent of uglinesses was result, many germs perished.by
As shows teratogenny effect of ethanol? There is such concept as an alcoholic syndrome of a fruit, or a fetalny alcoholic syndrome (for its name FAS abbreviation - Foetal Alcohol Syndrome is used). The alcoholic syndrome of a fruit is the state caused by teratogenny effect of ethanol on the developing fruit during the critical periods of development.
the FAS Components are:
- of anomaly of development chelyustno - front area: hypoplasia (underdevelopment) of a malar arch, lower jaw; the shortened upper lip, a nose back; narrow eye cracks;
- violation of physical development: disproportionate constitution, small or, on the contrary, too high growth and/or weight;
- low body weight at the birth;
- pathology of nervous system: a mikrotsefaliya - the underdevelopment of a brain or its separate parts leading to some neurologic and intellectual frustration;“ spina bifida “-“ an open back“, an incomplete zarashcheniye of the spinal channel;
- numerous anomalies of development of bodies, most often meet malformations of heart, genitalia and joints.
the Alcoholic syndrome of a fruit - one of the main reasons of a congenital delay of intellectual development. Such children suffer from permanent decrease in intelligence, their social adaptation is limited. However, in the future they can have posterity and if they abstain from alcohol, then their children are born healthy. The same concerns also mothers who gave birth to the child with an alcoholic syndrome of a fruit: if at the subsequent pregnancies they observe “Prohibition“, then can give birth to healthy children. But for this purpose they need to refuse any alcoholic beverages and not to take alcohol even in the smallest quantities “on holidays“ as at the persons, in the past abusing alcohol tolerance (stability) to alcohol goes down.
Danger to future child is constituted by also fetal alcoholic effect (FAE) - it is less expressed changes reminding FAS.
the Mechanism of development of FAS is connected with the increase of level of special amino acid accompanying alcoholization - a gomotsisteina. By the way, at some people the level of a gomotsistein can be increased without any connection with alcohol intake. It occurs, for example, for example, at such hereditary disease as a gomotsisteinuriya. Also decrease in amount of folic acid which can be connected with reception of some drugs matters.
Expressiveness of teratogenny effect of ethanol and, respectively, probability of development of FAS or FAE depends on the frequency of “alcoholic excesses“, amount of the alcohol drunk at the same time, its quality, and also the accompanying addictions. For example, it is absolutely definitely proved that alcoholization of mother in combination with smoking () or the caffeine use (more than 6 - 8 cups of coffee a day) in big percent of cases conducts more than 10 cigarettes a day to a delay of pre-natal development of a fruit. Thus, alcoholism of mother - a problem in many respects social and besides complex. As a rule, it is followed not only other addictions, but also poor quality of life in general, an inattention to the health and health of future child. Alcoholism - not only an illness, but also a way of life.
the natural question Arises: what amount of alcohol is capable to cause such tragic consequences? Unfortunately, it is impossible to define accurately threshold zones of alcoholization at which FAS develops. They are strictly individual and connected with specific features of a metabolism - a so-called farmakogenetichesky profile of an organism. Therefore the alcoholic syndrome of a fruit can not be shown at the zapoyny alcoholic - and to be shown at the woman who was quite moderately taking alcohol. Thus, it is impossible to establish safe doses of alcohol intake during pregnancy, without knowing features of fermental systems of an organism of the woman. Of course, it is theoretically possible to define a farmakogenetichesky profile of an organism, acetylation type (transformation of chemicals of an organism) in relation to the specific person. But practically it does not make sense as it is rather simple to the woman who does not have an alcoholic disease to refrain from alcohol intake during pregnancy.
I nevertheless, the speech does not go that the use even of very small amount of alcohol during pregnancy strictly contraindicated and always leads to heavy consequences. Readers for certain will ask: whether future mother can drink a glass of champagne during any celebration? Yes, sometimes, 2 - 3 times during pregnancy it is possible to afford 100 - 200 of natural dry wine practically without any risk. I will emphasize one more important point: if the woman took alcohol, without knowing yet that she is pregnant, she should not demand the direction on abortion at all, generally pathology of development of a fruit is observed at the chronic use of ethanol. Therefore in that case it is necessary just to lead a healthy lifestyle from the moment of pregnancy establishment. The main thing - not to push luck, not to teeter on the brink behind which safety comes to an end and pathology begins and not to look for this side. In other words, everything depends on culture of future mother and on a sensible assessment of the behavior.