How not to burn out at work?the Term “syndrome of emotional burning out“ is familiar to much. In the world millions of people suffer from this frustration caused by excessive work. Modern people should run around like a squirrel in a cage: work, house, credits. For working capacity increase - the next cup of coffee, then behind it the second, third. It is quite often possible to hear: “I without coffee cannot do anything at all“. The chronic fatigue becomes the constant companion of life. For the first time the American psychiatrist Freydenberger in 1974 began to tell
about emotional burning out. He noticed that doctors of mental health facilities in the course of work have a strong fatigue, disappointment, demoralization. He investigated this phenomenon and created the concept which explains the reasons of such state. The doctor noted, development of a syndrome of emotional burning out takes place in several stages.
In the beginning the person establishes definite purposes, seeks to prove to himself and others that he can realize them. It increases the number of the done work, all the time devotes to professional activity, forgetting about a family, friends, hobbies. There is a change of system of values. The person puts work on the first place to the detriment of good nutrition, a dream and rest. Together with fatigue there is a feeling of internal emptiness who wants to be filled with something. The person not always finds rational ways and begins to eat, take excessively alcohol and even drugs to relax. As a result the depression can develop, appear feeling of a hopelessness. In the most hard cases there are suicide thoughts. At the last stage of people tests physical and emotional exhaustion which demands drug treatment.
The syndrome of emotional burning out is called still an illness of the communicative and helping professions. Most often those who in the work constantly communicate with people - teachers, doctors, social workers, law enforcement officers and penitentiary service are subject to it, sales managers, and also people who time is long perform monotonous work. One of the main signs of burning out is considerable decrease in motivation and enthusiasm in work, disappointment in the chosen profession, refusal of a position. In spheres of the helping professions “disillusionment“ is observed. Those people whose overestimated expectations are not true are also subject to burning out.
The psychologist V. Boyko long time investigated this problem and came to a conclusion that the syndrome is a peculiar psychological protection against the long psychoinjuring events in professional activity. He wrote that development of a syndrome takes place in several stages.
The first phase - tension. At this time the person takes the psychoinjuring events hard, there is a feeling that the situation cannot be changed, helplessness, anger and despair amplifies. If it is constantly pursued by failures, then the dissatisfaction with, feeling of “a zagnannost in a cage“, a depression appears, uneasiness considerably increases.
The second phase - resistance. the Person begins to be protected from psychological overloads and begins “to save“ emotions. First of all it affects communication with colleagues, friends and relatives. It seems to it that he behaves normally, and people around notice indifference, callousness and coldness in the relations, an inattention and disrespect for the interlocutor in communication. If the person cannot speak at work, then often breaks the rage and aggression on house.
The third phase - exhaustion. as a result of weakening of activity of nervous system and falling of the general power tone forms so-called “emotional deficiency“. The person understands that he cannot communicate with others as earlier, to its thicket negative emotions prevail. He becomes rough, closed, sensitive, is irritated on trifles. In work he tries to switch off completely emotions and does work automatically. The last stage of manifestation of a syndrome are psychosomatic and psychovegetative violations. There is sleeplessness, unpleasant feelings in heart, increase of pressure, an exacerbation of chronic diseases. It is connected with the fact that the mentality does not cope with overloads and the body reacts at the physiological level. Burning out is some kind of psychological protection. In such a way the mentality is protected from negative influences of world around.
Many researchers consider as the reason of emotional burning out a chronic stress and professional deformation. But some psychologists claim that violations in the sphere of values and meaning of life can be one more of the reasons. Many people at the head of everything put professional career, forgetting about other spheres of life. In aspiration to earn it is more to brag of the prestigious car or the new iPhone, people often lose health.
What to do for prevention of emotional burning out? First of all should understand that the vital purposes are not only career and professional success. It is necessary to distribute evenly time for work, active recreation, sports activities, travel, communication with a family and friends, hobbies and a hobby. If you noticed at yourself the listed above symptoms, it is necessary to pay attention to a daily routine, to allocate time for a full-fledged dream and rest. If you understand that it will be possible to have a sleep only 4 - 5 hours from today - for the fact that many cases collected, think - and whether really these affairs are so important at present? Arrangement of life priorities and a time - management help to restore balance.
As the classic spoke, the best rest is a shift of kinds of activity. It is easier to prevent a syndrome of emotional burning out, than then to treat and restore nervous system.