Than to give to drink the baby?
the Need of children of the first year of life for drink is individual and is defined by nature of feeding, age and the child`s weight, a state of his health, climatic conditions. Let`s tell about everything one after another.
the Kid who is nursed only before introduction of a feeding up does not need in any additional liquid, except breast milk. If the child is on mixed or completely on artificial feeding, then additional drink is appointed by the doctor individually.
In general, the amount of the liquid consumed by the kid depends on his age and weight. The child about one year needs 100 ml of liquid a day on 1 kg of body weight. When it begins to weigh more than 10 kg, calculation will become complicated: in days the child will need 1 l of liquid plus 50 ml on each kilogram over 10 - kilogram weight.
Qualitative water for baby food has to possess characteristic properties of drinking water - transparency, lack of a smell, with neutral taste. It can be svezhekipyacheny water from - under the crane, previously passed via the household filter, or bottled water. Doctors often recommend to use such water since by its production all hygienic requirements are observed and it is really safe for health of the kid. The main advantage when using bottled water is the guaranteed control of low level of a mineralization. The composition of water significantly influences quality of food therefore pay attention to the following fact. Water for children is divided into two categories: water for restoration (i.e. for preparation of baby food from dry mix) and drinking water. The mineral composition of drinking water exceeds indicators, admissible for the newborn, on the basic micro a little - and to macrocells therefore it is recommended to give to children is more senior than half a year and not to use for dissolution of dry products. Water for restoration softer, is water of a dual purpose. It is allowed children from the first days of life.
some rules of use of bottled water Exist:
- Water has to have in the name the characteristic “nursery“. by
- On a label the name of the organization which draws official medical certificate about water has to be taken out. Today such organizations only three - the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Gossanepidnadzor of MZRF and Institute of food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science.
- Bottled water cannot be boiled!
- should Store water at a low temperature, in the refrigerator. Doctors advise to be guided by period of storage of children`s juice, to equal 48 hours. It is desirable to use an open bottle of water during the day since various microorganisms can get to it.
- In food of children of early age can use only still water. Lechebno - preventive waters do not approach from too - for high saturation by mineral salts.
Fruit and vegetable juice, compotes and vegetable broths belong to
About juice to number of products which include in a diet of children as addition to breast milk or its substitutes not earlier than 4 months. It allows to provide the child with a number of new feedstuffs which he needs, - glucose, fructose, organic acids, vitamin C, iron, potassium.
In house conditions can make for weak concentration apples compotes, pears, prunes and dried apricots. Vegetable broths are also useful. But, considering an adverse ecological situation, doctors consider it expedient to enter into a diet of the kid natural juice of industrial production, and also the juice which is squeezed out of vegetables and fruit from own kitchen garden when you know that they were grown up without use of harmful chemicals. Juice of industrial production uses if the doctor appointed juice to the child with 4 - x months.
From 6 months can use juice of own preparation. Practically all industrial juice is enriched with vitamin C in a dose from 15 to 100% of daily need for this vitamin of children of the first year of life. Add to some juice also iron that promotes prevention of anemia at children.
Juice can be unicomponent or mixed. The mixed juice possesses higher nutritional value, than juice from one fruit. But here real danger of emergence of allergic reaction is covered, and it will be difficult to define to what component the organism of the kid will inadequately react. >
Therefore it is better for p to enter at first into a diet of the kid only unicomponent juice (from apples, pears, peaches, carrots, pumpkin) and when the child becomes more senior, to diversify his food with the mixed juice.Introduction of juice to a diet of the child should coordinate
with the pediatrician. It is necessary to begin with 3 - 5 drops, with the subsequent gradual increase in amount of juice up to 100 - 120 ml by the end of the first year of life. Juice with pulp should be entered not earlier than 5 - 6 months since they contain the vegetable fibers stimulating physical activity of intestines. It can cause violations of a chair in children of early age.
Upon purchase of juice in shop surely pay attention to date of its production and an expiration date. If when opening a jar with the twisting cover you do not hear characteristic cotton, do not give such juice to the child in order to avoid poisoning at all.by
Choose juice of the known and well proved companies. Never buy food for children in doubtful places, give preference to specialized shops.
Krom of water and juice mother can offer the kid children`s teas from medicinal herbs, for example from a camomile (to make 1 teaspoon of a dried grass in 250 ml of water, to sweeten a little with fructose which digestion does not demand production of insulin as it happens in a case to usual sugar; besides, as fructose is more sweet than sugar, it it is required less). If you use tea as usual drink, then to make a camomile enough 5 - 10 minutes. If the doctor appointed to the child tea for treatment of disorders of digestion, then it is necessary to make a camomile 15 - 20 minutes.
Teas from other herbs (a melissa, mint, a St. John`s Wort, fennel) are used strictly according to the recommendation of the doctor as they possess preventive and medical action and applied at treatment of a number of diseases at children of the first year of life. Teas with fennel, a camomile, the Italian fennel make favorable impact on work zheludochno - an intestinal path. There are teas for cough calming.to Children on artificial feeding teas can be offered
on the third - the fourth month. Anyway, beginning to acquaint the kid with this type of drinks, it is necessary to buy the teas which are let out for children of the first half of the year of life. Age recommendations are always specified on a label! Teas for kids are more senior than six months differ in ingredients and their quantitative structure. They can include fruit or berry additives and be used as the refreshing drinks.
Despite wonderful properties of many tea drinks, it is necessary to offer children them carefully - no more than 100 - 150 ml a day. All types of teas contain significant amounts of carbohydrates (sucrose, glucose or a dextrinmaltose) therefore their excess use can become the reason of caries or allergic reactions, and also promote strengthening of fermentative processes in intestines. About expediency of the use of children`s teas surely consult with the pediatrician.by
If at the newborn baby observes physiological or pairing jaundice (1 or 2 degrees), doctors recommend to vypaivat such children water at the rate of 120 - 150 ml on one kilogram of weight. It is necessary for removal of bilirubin from an organism.If at yours the baby a diarrhea or it is sick with
and it has a high temperature, first of all it is necessary to call the doctor. Before arrival of the doctor the kid needs plentiful drink. For the baby mother`s milk in this situation will be the most important and best medicine. If the child refuses a breast or is on artificial feeding, it needs to be dopaivat fresh water, solution of a regidron or similar means. But you remember what is more than 250 ml (the volume of a stomach of the child about one year) liquid during 20 - 30 minute period the kid will not be able physically to drink. The sweetened water can be used in a case when the child has a high temperature, and he refuses drink.by
From - for a lack of water breaks all water and mineral exchange and there is a risk of dehydration of an organism. Can point the following signs to this state: the kid to become extremely uneasy and more often cries; drinks with extraordinary greed; not enough urine or urine dark is emitted; skin dry and/or pale; language and lips dry. It is necessary to watch closely emergence of similar signs in hot summer days when air is especially dry. You can offer the kid of water from a spoon if you are afraid that after a small bottle the child can refuse a breast.
I in conclusion - one more important point. That at children flavoring habits were correctly created, nutritionists recommend to give them fresh water. However experience of many mothers shows that children often refuse such drink. If you decide to sweeten water, then it is better to apply for this purpose not sugar, but fructose in the minimum quantity (no more than 1 teaspoon on 200 ml). Anyway, drink for a satisfying of thirst should be given to the child between the main feedings.