What it is necessary to know about breast cancer of
Around the world the cancer cases of a mammary gland grow for 3% annually. It is caused by various factors - and ecology, and the fact that women began to give birth a little and to nurse, apply gormonozamestitelny therapy a little, etc. However with a growth of number of the women who got sick more and more it is possible to rescue. However, it is possible only with active participation of women. What needs to be known and how to work for the prevention of this dangerous disease?
of 7 facts about a breast cancer
8 - Ithe woman throughout the life risks to develop breast cancer. it is the share
- of 16% of all cases of oncological diseases at women in the world of a breast cancer - it is the most frequent female oncological disease. annually make to
- of 52 000 women the diagnosis “breast cancer“ in Russia.
- After 40 years the probability of a disease, breast cancer - the most common cause of death of women aged sharply increases of
of 45 - 55 years.
- For the last 20 years the cancer cases of a mammary gland in Russia grew by 64%. more than 40% of tumors of a mammary gland are diagnosed by
- In Russia at a late stage.
- in case of early diagnostics the probability of an absolute recovery makes 94%.
Breast cancer: the reasons and risk factorsthe Reason of developing of a breast cancer is unknown to
today. However risk factors which increase probability of development of a disease are revealed and exert impact in a complex:
- Alcohol, excess weight, a lack of physical activity - the reason of 21% of all death of breast cancer.
- Abortions, late (after 30 years) and small childbirth, short-term feeding by a breast, a late climax (after 55 years).
- Improper feeding, a severe stress, excess stay on the sun.
- Any mechanical injuries of a breast (including from - for incorrectly picked up linen) can provoke developing of a tumor.
As women behave?knows
- of 91% of the Russian women about a problem of breast cancer, 81% consider it extremely important.
- of Only 30% of women visit the doctor once a year, 40% pass survey much less often. 30% do not visit the doctor in general.
- C 2009 for 2011 the number of the women who are regularly passing inspection of a breast grew from 32% to 40%.
What to do?
Today the only reliable way of campaign against cancer of a mammary gland - early diagnostics.
- Mammography allows to reveal early forms of cancer for 2 years earlier, than any clinical inspection.
- to Women till 40 years needs to pass clinical examination of 1 times in 2 years. After 40 years it is necessary to pass screening preventive mammography surely once a year. At this age sensitivity of a breast to radiation decreases, and mammography is absolutely safe.
- with hereditary predisposition to breast cancer should be registered to the oncologist for 10 years before that age at which someone from relatives got sick. (For example if mother got sick in 45 years, the daughter needs to be registered in 35 years.)