Rus Articles Journal

What to replace milk (eggs, wheat, chicken, fish) with?

are devoted to Problems of digestion of children of the first year of life many articles in magazines for parents. We also once again touched upon a subject of dysbacterioses, fermentopatiya, allergies and medical foods of babies in March issue of the magazine. But what to do is farther? Really, once the kid to celebrate the first birthday, as a hand will remove all indispositions? No, of course not. Confirmation to they are questions of our readers who are interested in features of a diet of kids of the second, third, fourth year of life. Questions of parents are answered by the employee of department of baby food of scientific research institute of food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science Ekaterina Anatolyevna Pyryeva.

of What the diet of the child of 2 - 3 years with dysbacteriosis has to be p>

? How effectively to struggle with this disease? Bifidumbakterin gives only temporary effect...

Dysbacteriosis is not a disease, this state which always again. And diseases zheludochno - an intestinal path, food allergy, a condition of an organism after a course of antibiotics, enzymatic insufficiency etc. can be the prime cause. For this reason biological products including bifidumbakterin, give only temporary effect: it was graduated - and dysbacteriosis on the person again! Means, it is necessary to carry out detailed diagnostics, to reveal a true disease which consequence is dysbacteriosis.

Most often the course of any biological product (bifidumbakterin, laktobakterin etc.) appointed by the attending physician in the presence of the corresponding clinical picture makes no more than 2 - 3 weeks.

I still. If dysbacteriosis is revealed only according to analyses, and its visible manifestations (locks, ponosa, skin rashes, loss of appetite, increased fatigue etc.) no, no special treatment is necessary! Perceive such condition of an organism of the child as adaptation to environment - intestines become populated by that microflora which exists in out of. Besides, in the conditions of big cities practically all population in a varying degree has dysbacteriosis.

Any analysis of intestinal flora is always variable

. In other words, make the same test just next day - and the result can be other. If the kid adequately develops, within norm adds in growth and weight, has clean skin, regular depletion of intestines - biological products are hardly necessary to it.

Feature of a diet of the child with violation of a microbiocenosis mainly consists that the share of the fermented milk products which are especially enriched bif raises - lakto - and other additives, and also other products with about - and prebiotics (a probiotics contains live microorganisms, and prebiotics promote their development by an organism). At the same time the share of fresh milk is limited. Use of fermented milk products needs to be combined - fermented baked milk, curdled milk, kefir, bioyoghurts affect different flora of intestines.

for the rest the diet of the kid with dysbacteriosis has to meet age standards. Besides, there are products which are capable to improve indirectly structure of microflora, but they are very peculiar and are even exotic - onions, garlic, an artichoke, a swede, a girasol. And their share in a diet 2 - 3 - summer children is very insignificant.


If revealed a disease which consequence dysbacteriosis was, then the attending physician can appoint a dietotherapy. For example, at severe food allergy whole cow`s milk in general is excluded from a diet, even the amount of fermented milk products is reduced.

do not forget

that bad water also breaks a microbiocenosis. Therefore use only of the filtered water is desirable. Optimal variant - use of bottled drinking water which has the most natural structure.

of my one-year-old daughter suffers from intolerance of protein of cow`s milk, also does not transfer vegetable protein (haricot, beans). Besides, it has an ekssudativny diathesis. We are going to separate it from a breast and we think of a further diet. How it is correct to make it, proceeding from our problems?

B more than a half of cases the kid reacting to milk protein also badly copes with soy protein - it is a so-called cross allergy. In your case consultation of the children`s nutritionist is necessary.

From the general recommendations. Kefir and other liquid fermented milk products usually enters a diet of children with easy and average degree of intolerance of cow protein. Cottage cheese needs to be entered later more carefully. If the baby well transfers fermented milk products, there are no restrictions to their use. Use of goat milk is possible. Today the choice of products on the basis of goat milk is not limited only to children`s dairy mixes.

I you do not hurry to separate the girl from a breast, continue breastfeeding. Perhaps, on this background in process of a growing of the child many allergic problems “will leave“.

I still. The range of allergens of the child can change with age due to maturing zheludochno - an intestinal path. Therefore further the child in the early childhood having an allergy to cow`s milk can transfer both soy, and even dairy products.

of At our two-year-old child an allergy to milk protein. Whether there is a probability to get rid completely of this allergy? Or the person all life will not be able to use dairy products? Why the number of such children grows from year to year? Still we cook porridges on water, we do not milk, we replace kefir, butter vegetable. If we try to enter something from these products, rashes on skin develop...

So far the allergy in rather sharp form (rashes on skin at once after reception of a product), is better not to experiment and to completely exclude dairy products from a diet! Your main task - not to allow an allergy to pass from food option in more difficult and dangerous, for example, into bronchial asthma. For this reason it is necessary to give the chance to the child`s organism quietly to develop and adapt, without “loading“ in the form of those products which he hard transfers.

Usually the allergy to milk protein passes

or gains much less expressed character by 7 - 8 years. At adults of skin displays of an allergy to milk practically does not happen. In process of reduction of allergic manifestations gradually include in the child`s diet fermented milk products, especially with bioadditives.

in recent years the number of kids - allergic persons influence increase, in my opinion, several circumstances. In - the first, global deterioration in ecology and “purity“ of products. In - the second, sharp reduction in the last decades of the children raised naturally. Fortunately, now the situation with breastfeeding rather slowly, but is normalized.

B - the third, always, but only recently to qualitatively other level there was diagnostics - today it is possible to define and to treat effectively not an abstract allergy, but reaction of an organism to a concrete product. Do not neglect extensive diagnostics and an individual professional advice for your child.

of How to diversify the menu of the child of 3 - 4 years if he cannot use dairy products (and sour-milk too) and wheat flour?

Try to include soy products in a diet of the kid. Soy milk, cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt widely are on sale today in usual shops (optional in departments of baby food) or in Intersoya shops. At first check whether is not present at the child of allergic reaction to protein of soy: let`s try a spoon of a new product (act carefully, as at introduction of a feeding up). If problems did not arise, use soy products as follows.

soy milk can be given to

From 9 months to one year on 200 ml 2 times a week, soy cottage cheese - on 40 g 2 times a week, soy fermented milk products - on 200 ml 2 times a week.

From a year to three years : soy milk on 200 ml 3 times a week, soy fermented milk products on 200 ml 3 times a week, soy cottage cheese on 100 g 2 times a week. After 3 - 4 years it is possible to use also soy cheese.

Besides, now in large supermarkets products - macaroni, crackers, cookies etc. appeared bezglyutenovy (not containing protein of cereal cultures). Too it is possible to diversify with them a diet. Do not forget about variety of vegetable, fruit and meat dishes (on age). Buckwheat, rice, corn porridges and other dishes from this grain (baked puddings, puddings) are available to you. And also, perhaps, the child will suit also products from goat milk, including goat cheeses.

What can replace with

of high-allergenic products (milk, eggs, wheat) in food of the child after a year? What meat is more preferable to the one-year-old kid? Instructions of experts inconsistent: chicken is considered allergen, on the contrary, recommend chicken...

All parents who are disturbed that the child does not receive any products from - for allergies want to give one advice: you feed the kid with those products which suit him, postpone a solution of the problem of the various menu “for later“. Do not worry, the child will not suffer from deficiency of nutrients, vitamins and minerals - the organism “will gather additionally“ the necessary quantity from products which he well transfers. In most cases children are not disturbed by problems of various food - it at parents is present psychological discomfort. do not look for replacement to the products causing an allergy in your kid - just do not give them . Correctly made diet of the child having an allergy is full even if it also does not contain milk, eggs and wheat - these products are not the main link of a diet.

But nevertheless I will answer with

a question of concrete products. At low degree of an allergy try to replace milk, eggs, cereals on sour-milk, soy and bezglyutenovy. Use of 1 - 2 time in a week of Herculean porridge (if the child has no tseliakiya), and also products from the fresh and bezdrozhzhevy test is possible. Instead of eggs try to give quail (carefully, slowly!) they are acquired better and much less often cause an allergy.

At severe food allergy, perhaps, and after a year should use children`s dairy mixes with protein hydrolysis.

About meat. It is more preferable to use meat of a turkey, lean grades of pork, meat of a rabbit, a horse-flesh - it does not cause an allergy. At insignificant food allergy after a year use of light meat of chicken in a diet is admissible - 1 - 2 time a week. If at the child a cross allergy (for example, on eggs), certainly, meat of chicken is excluded unambiguously. At the beginning use “children`s canned food“ (meat from jars) - hardly you will be able to buy a qualitative horse-flesh or meat of a rabbit in any shop...

of As parents to whose children does not suit for health reasons the menu of preschool institution solve a problem with visit of kindergarten?

If the kid has an allergy to a concrete product (for example, only on fish), then parents agree if there are no objections from personnel, about an exception of this product of a diet of the child. Or about replacement: instead of cocoa on Tuesdays and Thursdays you bring a thermos with other suitable drink. It is possible to agree with personnel in an oral or written form. Also do not forget to hold at first this question “on control“ - not importunately remind tutors and the nurse of kindergarten of the request.

the Situation is complicated by

when the child has an allergy to many food or to those which are a part of many dishes. Treat them, first of all, eggs and milk - cannot be presented without them omelets, rolls, porridges, cookies, drink about the cocoa etc. which are so often entering the menu of kindergarten. In this case it is more real to look for private or commercial kindergarten where you will probably manage to solve “dietary“ problems.