Development of the preschool child: how to define and develop abilities of the kid
of the Child by the Hand in a Childhood That Entered
His Reason and Heart from World Around -
to a Great Extent Depends on It What
Person Will Be Today`s Kid.
V. A. Sukhomlinsky
Already from the earliest age can be seen how the first signs of different talents at kids are shown: someone likes to dance, someone wants to sing, someone likes to make, and someone to solve logical problems or to draw... >it is difficult to em to tell
that the love to some kind of activity is and there is a talent, abilities are shown later, and developing abilities, we receive talent. To be talented - it not necessarily means to be the famous artist or the scientist - there are many talented people in different areas.
Someone says that the talent (the Greek talanton) is “an outstanding inherited quality“. And someone - that the talent needs to be improved. The third believe that abilities and talents are descended.Wikipedia determines by
talent as “certain abilities which reveal with acquisition of skill and experience“. Formation and development of talent of the child depends in many respects on living conditions and activity. Many parents ask a question: how to define and develop the available abilities of the child? Let`s try to answer.
the Problem of determination of abilities of the child rises before parents since the earliest childhood. The question of search of additional education begins to concern parents. Musical studio, studio of creativity, sports or some another? Sometimes it is difficult to make a choice not to do much harm. To send the child to studio and to develop in one direction? And suddenly were mistaken? To give to different studios? And suddenly the child will be tired too?
At the choice of studio parents have to estimate possibilities of the child and consider his interests. It is important to remember that any activity is your work and your child, the subordinate to the tough schedule and the mode. Thomas Edison spoke:“ The genius - one percent of inspiration and ninety nine percent of sweat“. Only regular jobs and trainings will yield positive result. But if the child does not possess certain abilities to activity which to him was chosen by seniors, then at him the complex of the loser can develop, and you do not receive the expected results. your desire that the child sang or practised music, can turn back a psychological trauma for the child. Listen to desires of the child and help him with the choice of studio, show sharpness to motivate the kid.
From the law of Newton knows that force of action is directly proportional to counteraction force - the more parents will force the child, the probability is less that they will be happy with results. For this reason psychologists and teachers advise to choose such circles and sections where do not seek to make the little champion or the winner, and just will help to define and develop abilities of the kid.
1. Musical abilities.
About one year about musical abilities can be judged only by indirect signs. The kid smiles when he hears music, calms down, can sing along - “to babble“. Watch the child. If he shows emotions when music plays, sings along, or perhaps even taps with a leg in a step to music, or claps under music, quickly remembers words and a melody, sings independently, then it indicates that in musical studio he will be engaged with pleasure. There is very effective system of Suzuki - a unique method of early musical development. This system provides training in playing a violin, (a flute, a piano, a violoncello) from two - three years. Children very quickly begin to play simple works. According to the Japanese teacher Shinichi of Suzuki, all children are musical, it is necessary only in time to begin to develop abilities: “What adults acquire with a speed of a snail is given to children almost instantly“. Defined the purpose of musical occupations with kids of Suzuki so:“ My task not to train the musician, and through music to bring up the good, noble person“.
2. Technical abilities.
the Child likes to sit with the designer for hours: builds, thinks out, collects according to the scheme, models. Usually the children having technical abilities often ask questions: as it works and that at it inside and why this detail is necessary and whether will work if... Do not wave away from such questions and try to answer them, buy encyclopedias and designers, develop interest in various mechanisms.
3. Research abilities.
Children with research abilities like to make experiments, often ask the questions “why?“ establishing prichinno - investigative chains of various natural phenomena, and also with interest consider scientific encyclopedias and with pleasure look scientifically - popular programs.
4. Art abilities.All children like to draw
and almost all have art abilities. If the child actively shows interest in hand-made articles, drawing, application and other types of creativity, it is worth paying attention to it and to develop this interest of the kid.
At early age is not learned classical canons of drawing, and only develop art abilities. In good children`s fine art studio create the creative atmosphere, your child will be able to develop the imagination, small motility, and the most important - will derive pleasure from self-realization and an opportunity to show how much new he is able now.
5. Drama school. Actor`s talent.
If you noticed once that your child likes to imitate someone, to copy gait, a speech manner, with pleasure performs at the concerts and festive actions, then you can safely bring it into drama school. Today children`s drama schools, are for some reason not really popular with parents. And in vain: they will be able to teach children to be courageous and sure, relaxed and easy. Children recite poems and fables, develop the speech, train memory, fill up a lexicon. The puppet theater develops not only the speech of the little actor, but also motility, and also coordination of movements. All this is not less important when training the child at school, than ability to read and write.
6. Sports sections. Physical abilities.
Children with physical abilities very diligent, persistent, they use the best efforts for achievement of a definite purpose. Like to compete, run, jump - and are not afraid to fall, be wounded, hurt. Occupations in sports sections train will power, endurance, commitment that, undoubtedly, it is necessary the child not only at school, but also in life.
7. Choreography. Rhythmics. Musically - motive abilities.your child is mobile, active
, with feeling of a rhythm? Listens to music, “hops“ and thinks out the movements? You descend with it on trial occupation in studio of rhythmics, choreography, fitness, aerobics or dance. In dancing circles learn not only to move and dance beautifully: occupations by dances develop figurative thinking, imagination, the imagination. There are studios of dance where teach babies since two and a half years on Isadora Duncan`s system - in classes there is no machine, there do not demand special clothes and dances footwear. On this system dance is a certain improvisation, the free movements under classical music.
your child can have different abilities, a task of parents - to support and develop them.Methods of determination of abilities of the child
|the Method||the Description|
|Supervision|| Observing |
and studying in what the child likes to be engaged, than is interested, parents with ease can make idea of opportunities of the kid.
|a game choice opportunity. Pay attention what role-playing games the child likes to play.|
|Address to specialists in early development, psychologists and teachers. Testing||diagnostic programs which will help with determination of abilities Exist. For example, at determination of level of intellectual development use Wexler`s test. To learn the creative potential of the child, his emotional and mental state, use a technique “A nonexistent animal“. And also can use complex diagnostics.|
|Joint activity||Joint communication, certainly, develops creative activity and helps development of talent. Take for the rule to organize family holidays - traditions, doll representations on days off, campaigns, excursions. Listen together to music, read, play games, visit the museums and exhibitions, theaters, the master - classes, concerts.|
Results of diagnostics cannot define future achievements and talents of the child, but, nevertheless, it does not beg importance of early detection of abilities. In our forces to help the child to study, create, be engaged in interesting and fascinating occupations. Over time, your child himself will understand, than to him to be engaged seriously and that will remain just to a hobby. Very often happens that talented children, without having an opportunity to develop the talent, become mediocre pupils.Modern schools impose on
to the child rather strict requirements. Give an opportunity to the kid to show the abilities, to develop them and to increase greatly in preschool institutions. Helping to open talents of the child, you teach to communicate, express him yourself, to feel confident, will help to raise a self-assessment and ability to adaptation in any situations. For certain, years through