Newborn and food allergy: how to bring risk to naught?
For the last 20 years in some regions of Europe number of cases of developing of a children`s allergy increased almost twice. The allergy takes the fifth place in the list of chronic diseases of people of all age. How to resist to an allergy? And whether it is possible to warn her?
Who in risk group?by
At every third child in Europe increased risk of development of an allergy. Group of an extra risk - hereditary allergic persons. If parents or relatives of the kid have an allergy, asthma, allergic cold, the small tortoiseshell or atopic dermatitis, then genes can “award“ him with predisposition to an allergy. It is difficult to tell whether the allergy in the future will be shown, but it is possible to estimate risk of its development:
of 10 - 20% -a family without allergy
of 20 - 40% -1 parent has an allergy
of 50 - 80% -both parents have allergic diseases
according to GU of scientific research institute of food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science, in 2007 in Russia about 20% of children about one year were subject to food allergy.
What is atopic dermatitis?
the Most common form of an allergy at babies - atopic dermatitis. Its symptoms - reddening of skin, rash, quite often an itch, a peeling and dryness of skin, a crack, yazvochka. This disease very often is the beginning of “allergic career“ - the kids having atopic dermatitis become more often allergic persons. Allergic dermatitis can develop into allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma and other diseases. Therefore from first weeks of life of the kid prevention of this disease is important.
When to begin prevention of an allergy?
the easiest way of prevention of an allergy at kids - breastfeeding. Scientists proved that with mother`s milk the kid receives all necessary for development of immunity against an allergy. Breast milk - the most balanced food product which represents “the“, not alien protein and contains all nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and minerals) in necessary quantity. Plus to it, with mother`s milk the kid receives the minimum quantities of anti-genes of various products from mother`s diet which “train“ immune system of the child and by that promote prevention of an allergy to these products further. Therefore at children who are on natural feeding the first 6 months of life the risk of development of an allergy is almost twice lower, than at kids on artificial feeding: the whole protein of cow`s milk which is contained in dairy mixes by the nature alien and, as a result, is the powerful anti-gene causing development of an allergy in the baby. For example, the amount of allergens in cow`s milk are a million times more, than in breast milk. whether
recommendations to pregnant women and the feeding women not to use products which can cause an allergy: honey, nuts, fish. However the exception of allergenic products of a diet of mother will not allow an organism of the kid to get used to these products - and at the subsequent meeting of the child with them allergic reaction can develop.
in maternity hospital can give start to an allergy
Why it is so important to protect the kid from inexpedient introduction of mix in maternity hospital? Mistakes in food of the kids predisposed to an allergy often begin at once after the child`s birth. Usually after the delivery mother has some milk, but it has the special structure which is “thought up“ by the nature for feeding of just been born little man. This “initial“, very nutritious milk is called colostrum - and is gradually replaced in mother`s organism with breast milk. Seeming “shortage“ of milk - colostrum in the first 3 - 4 days of life of the child - the normal phenomenon, it is not necessary to finish feeding the kid mixes. Right after the birth children are often uneasy and additional artificial nutrition calms them, creates false effect of wellbeing. The similar behavior based on good desire “to feed and calm“ the child contradicts laws of the nature - and can become ill turn if the kid has a predisposition to an allergy. To feed such babies with mix on the basis of protein of cow`s milk right after the birth - means several times to increase risk of development of food allergy. whether
of 40 ml of usual children`s mix. In other words, if the kid in maternity hospital was given very little - 40 ml - simple children`s mix, then he received allergen in the same quantity as though he drank 40 000 liters of milk of mother. For kids with predisposition to an allergy is a time bomb. Allergic reaction can be shown not at once and when already the kid comes back home with mother - and parents will long guess from where the kid has a diathesis.
Therefore first rule: not to finish feeding the child with predisposition to an allergy usual dairy mixes, and if necessary to use only special hypoallergenic mixes with the proved preventive effect.
Hypoallergenic dairy mixes: what to pay attention to?
In a situation, a kogla mother for certain reasons is forced to refuse breastfeeding, hypoallergenic dairy mixes on the basis of hydrolyzates (the protein which is partially destroyed by means of enzymes) will become the only alternative of prevention of an allergy.
Parents often think that hypoallergenic dairy mixes should be used at the first emergence of an allergy, however, it not absolutely so. Hypoallergenic mixes, depending on extent of hydrolysis of milk protein, serve or for prevention of an allergy at healthy kids, or for treatment. Therefore it is not necessary to make independently the decision, and it is necessary to address the pediatrician that that recommended suitable food.
of Mix are issued with a mark of HA (hypoallergenic) and differ on extent of hydrolysis (high and moderate) and on a protein source. The preventive effect has to be clinically tested therefore it should be specified at the pediatrician.
Recently German organization GINI (German Infant Nutritional Intervention) conducted large-scale research on prevention of an allergy within which scientists defined influence of various dairy mixes on development of an allergy. Research showed, the source of protein and degree of a hydrolyzation do not guarantee efficiency. The most positive results - decrease in risk of an allergy to 50% - were recorded at moderate hydrolyzates which significantly differ according to the production technology.
High hydrolyzates do not incorporate allergens and therefore they do not cause immediate allergic reaction, but in too time do not develop food shipping to proteins of milk, and moderate hydrolyzates have allergens in a small amount - therefore they as if train, an organism of the kid allergies “accustom“ to resist further independently.
In what difference?
High hydrolyzates (protein is broken into very small peptides and amino acids) do not warn an allergy, and exclude contact of an organism of the child with alien protein of cow`s milk.Partially split protein which is contained in the children`s hypoallergenic moderately hydrolyzed mixes renders to
double effect on immune system: promotes prevention of an allergy and gradually the organism “accustoms“ to protein of milk.
Taste - the most important factor influencing duration of use of mix. All hydrolyzates have bitter taste owing to the proteolysis - the more amino acids and small peptides, the less pleasant taste. Parents can give in to “whim“ of the kid who got used to sweetish smack of breast milk and to refuse hypoallergenic mix.Taste of dairy mix also differs in
depending on degree of a hydrolyzation and a source of protein (for example, a casein hydrolyzate very bitter).
Moderate hydrolyzates have quite acceptable taste, and the kid can accept this preventive mix long enough to consolidate effect of “schooling“ to protein of milk. Remember: each new product (including hypoallergenic mix) the kid needs to allow to try as mimimum