Development of the child: the first step of the kid - how to teach to go
Physicians consider that the child with normal indicators of health has to take the first steps aged from 9 till 18 months; the most quick peanuts begin to move on shank`s mare long before a year, kids more detailed can closer go to one and a half.
in principle, already on a difference in terms it is possible to guess: the first steps - business especially individual, also you should not even try to bring achievements of the specific baby under the uniform standard. Of course, practice shows that there are children developing “according to the book“ and passing consistently all stages described in thematic literature.“ Correct“ the child at first learns to creep, then, having hit all imaginable qualifying standards for run on all fours, begins to get up in a bed, then masters movement on arena perimeter - and at last takes the first shy step in open space. However at least one which does not know pediatric canons is the share of one such kid and, quietly passing a “plastoon“ stage, practically without preparation changes a sedentary life for bipedalism.by
In this simple statistics put the answer to the question concerning most of young mothers: when it has to go? And this answer is as follows: when ripens and will enough get stronger to get on feet; the necessary date is known to the nature better, than to the whole consultation of doctors. >
On charging become p!
Certainly, told above does not mean that it is necessary to neglect development of the kid that it does not need to be helped - say, sooner or later itself will go. Both to watch and to help - it is necessary. The first steps can be late as in case muscles of legs of the child too weak, and in case of a hyper tone - that is when muscles are in very strong tension (in a hyper tone the child does not put a leg on a full foot, rising on tiptoe all the time). Oporno - the motive device of the kid experts (the orthopedist, the surgeon, the neurologist) have to carry out exact diagnostics of a state. As a rule, if the hyper tone is diagnosed, doctors register trays with herbs or sea salt and massage. If the kid needs to strengthen muscles, to develop coordination of movements and to instill confidence in own forces, very useful can be a special gymnastics.
Stock: toy carriage or stroller of the kid.the Child costs
, holding carriage handles, the adult supports the kid. When the carriage begins to move a little slowly, the kid tries to keep step with it, bends and at last takes the first step.
Age: since 9 months.
Stock: table or any rigid surface.
the Adult puts the child on hunkers, a back to himself. Strong holding by hips, the adult shakes the kid forward and back, forcing to get up for equal legs. It is necessary to help the child to bend as it is possible more deeply forward, at the same time supporting him in a thorax. If the peanut does not hurry to rise - means, legs are still weak and it is possible to leave exercise, and after a while to return to it. The exercise purpose - to fix ability independently to stand.
Stock: the fitball of average size inflated on 2/3.
the Adult puts the child on a ball a back to himself and, strong holding by hips, inclines in different directions. The purpose - to develop coordination of movements, to teach to balance and keep balance.
Age: when the child is already able to rise from knees by means of a support.
Stock: favourite toy of the kid and chair.
the Toy on a floor moves in the direction of a chair, “urging“ the kid to grabble behind it, rises over a chair (that the child tried to lean against it handles) and is put on edge of a chair. If exercise is carried out successfully, the kid has to get up without assistance, leaning on a chair.
Age: 9 months are also more senior.
Stock: two poles about 120 cm high or hoop.
the Child undertakes poles, the adult from above puts the on his handles. The adult begins to cross slowly together with the child, rearranging poles in the manner of ski sticks. In case the hoop is used, the child is inside, and the adult, moving a hoop in different directions, pushes the kid to the different movements - walking around, forward or back.
Age: when the kid moves on the room, holding the adult by a hand.
Stock: long lace or rope.
the Lace stretches between furniture at height of knees of the child. Holding the child by a hand, the adult brings the kid to a lace. The sense is in that the child crossed through an obstacle.
How to facilitate a way?
the modern industry from year to year expanding the range of the developing goods for children also does not lag behind In aspiration to facilitate the first steps of kids parents and pediatricians. Some of them admit useful, concerning others opinions of experts can disperse in the opposite parties. Let`s give lower than three most popular and most discussed devices for training in walking.
Walkers. the Small round little table with the seat made of cloth arranged by the principle of a backpack - the kangaroo supplied at the basis with castors. Sitting in walkers, the child reaches legs a floor and, making a start, can freely move on the apartment. Height of a seat is, as a rule, regulated: the kid can reach a floor one socks, and can get up on full foot.
walkers cause the most hardened debate in the “okolomladenchesky“ environment: exist as the convinced supporters, and ardent opponents of this adaptation. Actually, if not to buy cheap and, therefore, potentially injury-causing models and to observe elementary safety measures, walkers it is hardly possible to do much harm. The safety measures are very simple:
- walkers do not suit the child who is not able to sit independently yet;
- the child in walkers cannot be left without supervision (as, actually, and without them);
- too long stay in walkers will create excessive loading for a back.
that from walkers it is a little not only harm, but also advantage: big doubts are raised by idea that walkers are capable to help the kid with the first steps. The child sitting in walkers, in fact, does not go, and rides, making a start from a floor legs. At the same time it is deprived of need to hold balance and to coordinate own movements, he is insured from falling. On the other hand, at a stage when the peanut already began to move actively on the house on all fours, but did not learn to go yet, the described adaptation can become the real rescue for mother, granting her a respite in infinite “race for the leader“.
the Carriage - a wheelchair. the Device in a form reminding the four-wheel cart with the handle: the kid takes the first steps, holding the handle and pushing a wheelchair before itself. It is more convenient than a usual baby carriage which is pleasant to be carried too to most of one-year-old babies as corresponds to growth of the kid. At a certain stage of advantage of a similar subject there is a lot of as it allows the child to move without the aid of adults, without losing balance and self-confidence.
Reins - a lead. the Design from belts reminding a breast-band for a dog and visually and on a way of use.“ Reins“ are used at a stage of the very first steps when the kid is already ready to move without assistance, but at the same time still insufficiently well coordinates the movements. “Lead“ plays a role of the safety safety belt which is not allowing to fall in this situation and to hit strongly to beginning “rope-walker“. The main minus of adaptation - from outside it looks unattractively. But in case the grandmother having rheumatism has to walk the kid, “lead“ can become the real rescue.the Barefoot boy
One more disputed issue concerning the first steps of the kid is connected by
with his first boots. Today practically each orthopedist, seeing that the child here - here will go, suggests parents to get sandalik with the supporting instep support. According to most of modern doctors, such footwear serves effective prevention of flat-footedness and besides helps steadier coupling of a leg with a surface. At the same time this approach in orthopedics - not only, and its claims on the status of the ultimate truth are a little premature.
in the middle of the XX century the American orthopedist Simon Vikler released
the book “Take Off Boots - and Go“ (Dr Simon J. Wikler. Take Off Your Shoes and Walk) in which described results of the long-term researches. Having studied hundreds of legs of patients of a year to ninety, Vikler came to a conclusion that he the healthiest feet at those from them who wears free shoes on the bending sole and often goes barefoot. Instep supports weaken foot muscles as its bend which has to arise in the natural way in a case with an instep support is reached mechanically, the doctor believes. Orthopedist`s conclusion is as follows: the footwear has to be free so that an opportunity to move fingers in a boot remained, in it there should not be instep supports, and at each suitable opportunity the child has to go barefoot (including at home, on a smooth floor).
Steps to safety
Caring for that to the child it was convenient and comfortable to go, important not to forget also about its elementary safety: as soon as the kid gets up on legs, he in the most literal sense moves to a new level... also begins to reach those shelves and objects of which could only dream earlier. So, that the first steps of the baby were a reason for pleasure, but not for a permanent stress, it is necessary to be prepared for these steps.
So, examine a critical look the apartment and...
- shift all fragile, valuable and heavy objects which are less than in 1,2 m from a floor;
- clean cloths: they are very easily pulled together from a table together with all contents;
- hide all household chemicals to the inaccessible place: to laundry detergents, stain removers and bleaches from now on not the place in easily opened box under a bathroom;
- block electric sockets special caps;
- get a habit to clean all sharp, pricking, cutting objects to such place where the baby will not get them - even if very much will try.
Besides potentially dangerous objects capable to hurt, prick or burn the kid, at a “pioneer“ stage in the apartment the infinite quantity of the corners and furniture handles located exactly at the level of eyes of the baby is found. Fortunately, the modern industry offers the whole range of the devices capable in the most literal sense to smooth acute angles. Corners on tables, special covers on handles, caps for drawers, limiters of doors and windows, locks of ladders are available in any more today - less large children`s shop. And still you should not be under a delusion: modern producers did not invent straws which, according to popular wisdom, does not need to be spread in the right place. While the child takes the first step, he takes a step to the independence. And on this way by all means there will be acute angles and artful steps, tears, grazes and cones. The kid one thousand more times will fall - and one thousand one will rise until at last rather firmly gets on feet.