Rus Articles Journal

Food of the child about one year: 15 interesting facts

1. And whether you know that...

feeding up Products (juice, porridges, mashed potatoes) kids can enter

only according to the recommendation of the doctor? Till 6 months the kid has to be only on breastfeeding.

If at so early age to replace with a feeding up at least one chest feeding, there is a probability of reduction of development of breast milk and the kid risks to receive less energy, feedstuffs and the protective components which are contained in breast milk than to it it is necessary.

2. And whether you know that...

of 20% of kids from 5 months are received by not adapted dairy products (cow`s, goat milk, kefir) *.

years already are more senior than

of 22% of children have obesity. (According to research of Institute of Food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science and the Nestle company within the “Grow Healthy from the First Days“ program)

Increase in weight of the kid is often connected by

with untimely introduction to a diet of cow`s or goat milk. Cow`s milk fully corresponds to nutritious and physiological needs of calfs, but does not suit the little man: in it is mute nearly 3 times more protein less nutrients, than contains in chest.

the Calf gets on feet approximately through 1 - 2 hour after the birth, and in 2 years it already adult individual, at the same time the volume of his brain remains within 1/3 size of a brain of the adult. The kid doubles the weight during first of 4 - 5 months, and starts walking closer by a year. By 12 months the brain of the child is tripled practically. Fast development and a set of muscle bulk of a calf is promoted by the high content of protein of cow`s milk. Physical human height is not so intensive therefore milk of the woman contains nearly 3 times less protein. At the same time milk of mother delivers in an organism of the child the bigger amount of the polynonsaturated fatty acids necessary for development of a brain is considerable.

the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends to

till 6 months only breastfeeding and continuation of breastfeeding after introduction of a feeding up.

* According to the national program of feeding of children of the first year of life in the Russian Federation (the Union of Pediatricians of Russia 2011)

3. And whether you know that...

In a daily diet of 70% of children 6 months are more senior than

are absent ovoshchi*. (According to research of Institute of Food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science and the Nestle company within the “Grow Healthy from the First Days“ program)

From 6 months the kid has to use daily of 150 - 170 vegetable puree, and to a year - 200 g ovoshchey*. Pediatricians recommend vegetables as the first feeding up: if the kid at first tastes sweet fruit puree, then can refuse more fresh taste of a cauliflower or broccoli - he got used to sweetish smack of breast milk!

Scientific Scientifically - the research center Nestle in Lausanne (Switzerland) was established: that the kid got used to earlier not familiar taste, the new product should be offered at least 8 times.

Remember

, habits of food are put in the first 3 years of life of the child - in time accustom the kid to “unfamiliar“ useful tastes - and he will always love them!

of WHO is recommended by exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months and the subsequent introduction of a feeding up at breastfeeding continuation. GERBER ® and NESTLE ® support this recommendation. Parents need to consult with the pediatrician when to enter feeding up products into the child`s diet.

4. And whether you know that...

In a daily diet of 30% of children 6 months are more senior than

there are no fruit. (According to research of Institute of Food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science and the Nestle company within the “Grow Healthy from the First Days“ program)

From 6 months the kid has to use daily of 60 - 70 g fruit puree, and to a year - of 90 - 100 g fruktov*.

Juice is recommended to be entered into a diet of the kid after fruit, vegetable puree and porridges: it irritates unripe zheludochno - an intestinal path of the kid and can cause allergic reaction.

you Remember

, fruit juice is not full replacement to fruit puree: fruit puree contains much more nutrients!

of WHO is recommended by exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months and the subsequent introduction of a feeding up at breastfeeding continuation. GERBER ® and NESTLE ® support this recommendation. Parents need to consult with the pediatrician when to enter feeding up products into the child`s diet.

* According to the national program of feeding of children of the first year of life in the Russian Federation (the Union of Pediatricians of Russia 2011)

5. And whether you know that...

to

For formation of breast milk needs additional energy - to 500 kcal a day!

Full breastfeeding really helps to come to a form after the delivery.

Clinical trials showed that mothers whose kids were in whole or in part on breastfeeding, in a month after the delivery grew thin in hips more, than the women who were not feeding grudyyu*.

* Norma of physiological needs for energy and feedstuffs for various groups of the population of the Russian Federation (Methodical recommendations of MP 2. 3. 1. 2432 − 08)

6. And whether you know that...

Breast milk strengthens immunity malysha*.

Breast milk contains an oligosakhar and useful bacteria (bifido and lactobacilli) which support normal intestinal microflora and help strengthening of immune system of the kid.

to

It is proved: breastfeeding prevents zheludochno - intestinal infections, an inflammation of a middle ear and respiratory infections. It also promotes protection of the child against an allergy (atopic dermatitis and a respiratory allergy) *.

* German JB, Freeman SL, Lebrilla CB, Mills DA: Human milk oligosaccharides: Evolution, structures, and bioselectivity as substrates for intestinal bacteria. Nestl é Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 2008; 62: 205 - 22.

of Zivkovic AM, German BJ, Lebrilla CB, Mills DA: Human milk glycobiome and its impact on the infant gastrointestinal microbiota. PNAS. 2011; 108(1):4653 - 8.

7. And whether you know that...

the Most balanced food product for the kid - breast milk.

70 years ago in Russia 80% of children were nursed by

about one year.

Today by 6 months only 52% of children receive breast milk, and by 8 months - only 40%*. (According to research of Institute of Food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science and the Nestle company within the “Grow Healthy from the First Days“ program)

Breast milk contains all nutrients necessary for health of the child in necessary quantity: proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins, minerals and minerals.

Breast milk contains 1,2 g of protein on 100 ml, for 80% consists of serumal protein which includes 21 types of amino acids, including irreplaceable.

the Special role in development and the correct functioning of nervous system of the kid are played by “clever lipids“, polynonsaturated fatty acids of classes an omega - 3 (dokozageksayenovy, DHA) and an omega - 6 (arakhidonovy, ARA). Content of these fats in breast milk directly depends on mother`s diet: their main sources - seafood, vegetable oils and walnuts.

* Studenikin M. Ya., Ladodo K. S. Food of children of early age. - M, 1991

8. And whether you know that...

the content of iron in apples was reduced by

For the last 30 years by 0,12 mg: from 0,3 mg to 0,18 mg*.

the Amount of vitamins B vegetables and fruit is reduced by

every year: products “lose“ useful substances. For the last 30 years the amount of magnesium in apples was reduced by 1,5 times, and the content of iron in a white cabbage from 1914 to 1992 - twice, calcium - by 5 times and magnesium - by 4 times. Results of an ecological situation and the general exhaustion of soils are obvious!

Parents together with the pediatrician have to watch that the kid received necessary amount of vitamins and minerals in a daily diet.

* Research Berger 1998

9. And whether you know that...

the Admissible standard of the contents of nitrates in vegetables in the market is much higher than

, than in vegetables which are used for production children`s pitaniya*.

Fruit and vegetables “from the market“ are calculated by

first of all for adults, but not for kids. Admissible standard of the contents of nitrates in a cauliflower - 2000 mg on 1 kg, and admissible norm of nitrates for all vegetables used as raw materials for baby food - by 10 times menshe*.

Remember

that the kid grew strong and healthy, it is extremely important that he received useful products in time and in the correct quantity!

* Norma Sanpin 2. 3. 2. 1078 - 01

10. And whether you know that...

Breastfeeding improves intellectual development of the child.

Breast milk richly polynonsaturated fatty acids an omega - 3, including dokozageksayenovy (DHA). It is the main component of gray substance of a brain and retina of an eye and sposobstvovut to intellectual development of the child throughout all life.

11. And whether you know that. .

Only 50% of kids 6 - 10 months and 76% of kids at the age of 12 months have a meat at a daily diet. (According to research of Institute of Food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science and the Nestle company within the “Grow Healthy from the First Days“ program)

Children of chest and early age are most predisposed with

to development of deficiency of iron and iron deficiency anemia. Kids grow in this age very quickly, they increase the volume of the circulating blood. Therefore, they need a large amount of iron which is one of the main components of hemoglobin.

Meat is an invaluable source of iron, zinc and protein. In it iron contains in the easiest form for assimilation.

12. And whether you know that...

to

In Russia about 20% of children about one year are subject to food allergy. (According to GU of scientific research institute of food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science of 2007)

Allergic reaction arises when the organism mistakenly takes any substance for harmful. The immune system of the child begins to be formed in a womb of mother and then, within the first year of life, “ripens“, facing various alien factors of environment, learning to distinguish them and to be protected. Especially dangerously for the child early introduction to a diet of usual mixes with whole protein of cow`s milk, and furthermore whole milk as the allergy to protein of cow`s milk, developing very quickly, can cause acute reactions.

existence in intestines of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli is very important

For formation of immunity of the child. With mother`s milk the child “passively“ receives bifido - and lactobacilli who protect from infections and prevent early development of an allergy, even with family predisposition.

13. And whether you know that...

Intestines are the biggest immune body of a human body. All digestive tract of the person is covered with a protective layer which part microbes are. The number of bacteria in intestines by 10 times exceeds number of cages in an organism: adults them have 100 000 billion and nearly 1 000 various vidov*.

the Main useful microbes in a human body - bifido - and lactobacilli. How they feel, also the condition of all organism because with the help bifido - and lactobacilli it is protected from the hostile outside world depends. Prevalence of bifidobacteria in intestinal microflora at kids is a necessary factor for prevention of an allergy. First of all, breastfeeding helps to provide normal intestinal microflora to children of chest age. The special adapted mixes containing useful bifidobacteria - BL probiotics are recommended to the kids who are on the artificial or mixed feeding.

* Guarner F and Malagelada JR. 2003. Gut flora in health and disease. The Lancet, Volume 361, Issue 9356, 8 February 2003, Pages 512 - 519

14. And whether you know that...

Flavouring habits of the kid begin to be formed by

even during stay in a womb of mother and are fixed in the first year of his life?

Aromas of products which the woman uses during pregnancy and breastfeeding get through amniotic liquid or through breast milk to the kid, and subsequently it accepts these tastes easier, than “unfamiliar“. For this reason the kids who are on breastfeeding get used to tastes of various products of a feeding up quicker, than the kids who are on an artificial vskarmlivanii*.

to the Pregnant woman and the feeding mother it is very important to p to watch that her diet was the most various, useful and healthy.

the Nature “put“ in kids predisposition to sweet tastes and disgust to bitter for the purpose of protection as various toxic agents in the nature have bitter taste.

* Beauchamp GK, Mennella JA: Flavor perception in human infants: Development and functional significance. Digestion. 2011; 83 (suppl 1): 1 - 6.

of Ditscherlein E, Lentze MJ: Geschmacksempfidung und - entwicklung im Kindesalter. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd. 1996; 144(3): S 177 - S183.

15. And whether you know that...

Children quickly get used to addition of sugar or salt. If offered the kid the sweetened water, then in the future he will prefer sweet water obychnoy*.

Till 12 months of a kidney of the kid do not cope more than with 1 g of salt a day, this amount of salt contains in food in the natural form. Addition of salt and sugar in a diet of kids about one year are not desirable and do not bear in themselves need. Often parents estimate taste of baby food “on themselves“, forgetting that taste of adults is enough izoshchren as we tried many different products. Kids do not know other taste, except sweetish taste of breast milk therefore they with pleasure can eat greedily a cauliflower or carrot without sugar and salt which, according to some adults, “are it is absolutely impossible“.

* 1. Beauchamp GK, Mennella JA: Flavor perception in human infants: Development and functional significance. Digestion. 2011; 83 (suppl 1): 1 - 6.

2. Ditscherlein E, Lentze MJ: Geschmacksempfidung und - entwicklung im Kindesalter. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd. 1996; 144(3): S 177 - S183.