Tactile supersensitivity - what to do?
Are good when our child is cheerful, happy, quiet, normally develops and well feels in a circle of peers. But some children behave inadequately in certain situations, and parents cannot understand in what a problem - the child constantly in the movement, he cries when embrace him, shows unjustified aggression, does not like to play sand, plasticine, or refuses to wear certain clothes. It is hyperactive and is not built. Parents cannot understand in what business, many feel that the child has some problem, but do not know how to cope with it.
Quite widespread problem which can sometimes explain such “strange“ behavior is tactile (tactile) supersensitivity. Our tactile system is a link between our skin and world around. The brain obtains constant information from skin, this information passes a filtration, distribution and only the part it reaches our consciousness (for example, we, as a rule, do not feel our clothes on ourselves all the time if we do only not pay special attention to it - our brain filters this tactile information as irrelevant at present).
One of the theories explaining tactile supersensitivity consists that our tactile system is divided into two main - one has a function to investigate environment, at the second to protect the person from potential danger. For example, if we take a stone in a hand - our brain “includes“ research system, and we investigate a stone to the touch. On the other hand - if we are bitten by a bee, the protective system joins, we scratch the bitten place and thus we alleviate pain and an itch.
At most of people these two systems work well-coordinated and counterbalance one another. The research system suppresses hypertrophied reaction to external tactile activators, and protective protects us from potential danger. The research system works for some people slightly more weakly than it is necessary, and then “harmless“ activators are perceived as dangerous, and reaction of the person to them looks exaggerated. How the child with tactile supersensitivity behaves? It avoids a touch with certain materials, sand, plasticine, the test, clay, glue etc. It is very much disturbed by a birochka behind on clothes (often parents of these children know it and at once rip off a birochka). He does not love new clothes or agrees to wear clothes only from certain fabrics. He does not like to go barefoot on a grass, on sand etc. He prefers clothes with short sleeves or, on the contrary, wants to carry only long. He very much does not like to brush the hair, wash the head, to cut nails, to wash a face or to brush teeth - this is not about the child who just goes obstinate, namely about those children to whom it is obviously very unpleasant. He very much does not love when touch it, especially if he does not expect it at present. In a garden or at school it is very difficult for it to stand in a queue (the child standing behind can unintentionally touch), or to play with other children - for example, children are pushed, touch it, and these touches are very unpleasant to it. Sometimes it develops into aggression - the child “unexpectedly“ beats peers, and the reason only that the usual touches of other children which are not disturbing them cause in him unpleasant feelings, sometimes intolerable - he can feel a strong tickling, this place can scratch etc. Parents sometimes notice that after a simple touch the child constantly strongly rubs that place which touched.the Child is hyperactive
, in a garden does not sit in place minutes, at school constantly fidgets on a school desk, does not listen to the teacher. On change all the time rushes, being not able to be self-controlled, does not control own behavior. Many of these signs are present at many of us (for example, many do not suffer a label on clothes or woolen clothes on a naked body) and they do not prevent us to function normally. In some, rather exceptional cases, tactile supersensitivity disturbs the child in a garden, at school, in everyday life.
For example, such child can constantly fidget, not listen at a lesson as it is constantly disturbed by his clothes, at it everything scratches, and he is not able to concentrate. It can be aggressive. He is hyperactive, especially in the presence of a large number of people (who pose for it continuous threat). It is difficult for it to fall asleep or to wake up difficult, he hates putting on and prefers old, stirany clothes or clothes which he wore yesterday. Especially strong tactile supersensitivity interferes with development of small motility, the correct scheme of a body etc.
If the problem exists - what to do?
Supersensitivity happens different, each child is unique also “set“ of the difficulties connected with touch too is different. Nevertheless, there are different exercises and games which will help your child to calm the tactile system, to organize themselves and the behavior and it is better to function.Many supersensitive children very much like “strong“ tactile feelings - to be wrapped by
in a blanket or a mat or a soft mattress. It is possible to do them strong massage through a blanket or without - the child himself will show to parents that it is pleasant to it and that is not present. It is possible to buy rigid brushes (such which will not damage to the child`s skin), and those minutes when he feels that it “is overflowed“ with tactile feelings and begins to behave too actively, it is possible to teach him to do itself massage of those places in which unpleasant feelings are strongest. > it is important to p gradually to accustom to play
of Those children who do not love sand, clay etc. with these materials. Arrange to the child a quiet corner of the house where nobody disturbs him and where there are no foreign hindrances, and let it play one there. Once it buys the child beautiful toys (he can choose them together with you) for game with different materials to encourage him to such game.All environment of such child has to be well organized by
, in the room there has to be an order and objects have to lie on the places - in such room the child will feel more surely, it will be easier for it to be going in the morning to school. If the child badly falls asleep - he can create soft cozy “corner“ in a bed - to impose it with pillows, to hang up a zanavesochka on a bed, to turn on the soft light. By the way, tactile supersensitivity often occurs at children - autists, she explains part of their behavioural stereotypes - that a certain thing always was on a certain place, certain rituals of behavior - in the familiar environment they feel more comfortably, unfamiliar is full of threats, unclear subjects who does not feel discomfort from a casual touch. It is better to embrace such children very strongly, they can not love gentle touches.
Most important - that parents understood the reason of problems and in process of growth of the child explained to him in what they his problem and taught him to define correctly the state, to feel when it is “overflowed“ by feelings and to calm down independently. Teachers and tutors (depending on their understanding and in general readiness to understand) have to know about a problem, treat the child tactfully (besides - who is able and can) and not to award him with offensive labels - “idler“, “hyperactive“, “fighter“ etc., each in his own way). With such children not easy, but if the problem is clear, and parents found ways to facilitate a condition of the child - will be easier for it in a garden, at school and in life. Subsequently he will know about the feature and to learn to cope with the difficulties caused by tactile supersensitivity.