Why we overeat: 10 good reasons of
how we eat that we eat where with whom, in how many, why what we think at this moment of - all this is called food behavior. Before getting rid of excess weight, it is necessary to study the eating habits - and to become their hostess, process of weight loss begins with the head.
the Behaviour of the person is defined by a huge number of factors of external and internal environment, and also his education and habits. Physiologists allocate so-called food behavior is a set of unconscious habits, installations, the actions connected with food. At the same time our food behavior can be favorable to symmetry, and can be unprofitable, and in this case excess weight appears. If you consider that in your body there is at least one extra kilo, then it means that more energy gets into a body, than is spent.
I the set of the reasons why so occurs is. Hypodynamia, decrease in intensity of exchange processes, dysfunction of a thyroid gland, stresses etc. Each of these factors or their combination can be led to a weight set. Nevertheless change of food behavior is considered in the most effective and controlled way to help a body to be exempted from extra kilos. But sometimes successful achievement of symmetry and preservation of the achieved result requires the additional help.by
At the people having extra kilos, as a rule, food behavior it is broken. And sometimes violations are formed as result of the wrong fight against excess weight. It can be shown in the following:
- short-term severe food restrictions with subsequent food “revelry“
- rare meals -
1 - 2once a day, food mainly for the night;
- addiction to greasy, salty, sweet and high-calorific food;
- food on the run, in front of the TV, behind the book, the computer;
- a habitual stereotype of removal of stressful tension by means of food;
- consolation, entertainment by food, “jamming“ of negative emotions;
- substitution of a condition of comfortable satiety feeling of an overeating;
- conviction in need of an overeating for the companies, in the company of people who eat something.
As a rule, violations of food behavior are a consequence of so-called cognitive distortions, the certain living positions untrue. The frequent statement that there is no time for preparation and reception of food during the day that the will for long continuation of control of food behavior does not suffice that there is no opportunity to refuse the offered food, all this only result of resistant beliefs of the person.to Allocate to
time for qualitative meal, to replace fleeting pleasure from reception of excess food with the real pleasures, to change the situations (or the attitude towards them) causing stressful tension, all this dependently modern psychology and psychotherapy. A large number of methods and ways help to reconsider the habitual stereotypes of behavior which are often not connected with food per se and it is rather easy to develop own ways of control of effective food behavior.
statistical data about a contribution of this or that factor to health of the person Are. It turned out that our health is influenced not by(with) the level of medicine in the country (10%), not genetics (20%) with ecology (20%), and a way of life (50%), i.e. behavior in relation to food, physical activities, to itself, world around.
Emotsiogenny type of food behavior
Giperfagichesky reaction (overeating) to a stress, or emotsiogenny food as food violation is shown by the fact that at a psychoemotional pressure, nervousness or right after the end of action of the factor which caused a stress at the person appetite sharply amplifies, and there is a desire to eat.
Thus, at this type of violation of food behavior incentive to meal not hunger, but emotional discomfort becomes p>
: the person eats not because it is hungry but because he is disturbing, he has a bad mood, he is suppressed, offended, angry, disappointed, failed, to it is boring, lonely etc. In other words, at emotsiogenny food behavior of people jams the sorrows and misfortunes. Most often at the same time people eat everything though there are researches showing that the preference is given in this state all - to products fat and sweet.
Food at people with emotsiogenny food behavior are a peculiar medicine as really bring to these people not only saturation, but also calm, pleasure, increase mood.
Giperfagichesky reaction occurs at 60% of the people predisposed to obesity.
Very curiously following supervision. Excess consumption of food during a stress is combined with excess consumption of alcohol, smoking, the increased drowsiness and increase of sexual desire. Refusal of food in the period of a stress is combined with refusal of alcohol, sleeplessness, decrease in sexual desire and the increased motor activity. Two different styles of reaction to a stress are available. Where there is an overeating, the person wants to be discharged of a stress, to switch to other kind of activity, to be forgotten, to calm down. This passive response to a stress.the Emotsiogenny food behavior can be presented to
by four more subspecies:
- compulsive food behavior,
- syndrome of night food,
- carbohydrate thirst,
- premenstrual giperfagiya.
Compulsive giperfagiya. Meets in 25% of cases at obesity. It is characterized by the fact that the person without the visible reasons, or, in any case, for the reasons which are not realized by him consumes a large number of food, besides to a thicket sweet and fat, and is more often in the form of so-called snack, that is in the form of the additional meals which are not connected with the main receptions of food. Believe that the mechanisms close to those at giperfagichesky reaction to a stress are the cornerstone of a compulsive giperfagiya, only in the latter case the reason which caused a stress is realized, and in the first - no.
the Compulsive food is shown by several typical lines:eats
- of people quickly, greedy, it is a lot of and it has a feeling that it cannot stop that it ceased to control meal;
- the attack of an overeating lasts no more than 2 hours, that is it is as if squeezed in time; the attack of an overeating is made by
- alone as the person is ashamed of this attack of a gluttony and does not want that learned others about it;
- during food negative emotions, hatred to themselves, depression, self-accusation appear; the attack is interrupted by
- with feeling of a raspiraniye of a stomach, or it is interrupted by arrival of other person;
- after an attack mood always bad, the person experiences abnormality of the act; during an attack hunger can not be felt by
- . > >
As a kind of a compulsive giperfagiya so-called the night giperfagiya (a syndrome of night food) - increase of appetite in evening and night time is considered by li ul. The night giperfagiya occurs at 10% of stout persons and is characterized by three signs:
- the morning unwillingness is;
- evening and night overeating;
- sleep disorder.
People with a syndrome of night food, as a rule, do not eat food all first half of day. Appetite considerably increases in the second half of day, and by the evening they feel strong hunger which leads to an overeating. And what the day emotional discomfort was stronger, especially the evening overeating is expressed.
It is characteristic, these people cannot fall asleep, without having eaten excess quantity of food. Their dream is superficial, disturbing, uneasy, they can wake up several times at night and again eat food. After meal activity and working capacity considerably decrease, drowsiness appears. It is one of causes of failure of meal during the working day. The overeating is used in the evenings by the people suffering from a night giperfagiya as sleeping medicine.
Carbohydrate “thirst“. we Will note that now speak to a thicket just about food thirst, believing that for its satisfaction patients need food at the same time sweet and fat - chocolate, ice cream, cream, etc. In a case with carbohydrate thirst of this sort the food is similar on the effect to drug. The burdensome depression, something reminding abstinency whereas at consumption of sweets these phenomena pass develops in its absence at patients.
the Premenstrual giperfagiya can be considered as one of manifestations of a syndrome of premenstrual tension. The overeating phenomena, are besides more often with preference of sweet and greasy food, are observed at women during
4 - 7days before monthly.
Restrictive food behavior. excess food self-restrictions and unsystematic too strict diets So call. Too strict diets cannot be applied long time and are quickly enough replaced by the periods of stronger overeating. As a result of such behavior of people is in a constant stress - during self-restrictions he suffers from strong hunger, and during an overeating he suffers from the fact that he gains weight again, and all its efforts were vain. The emotional instability arising during application of strict diets received the name of “a dietary depression“. Its symptoms: the increased irritability, fatigue, aggression, uneasiness, depression. “The dietary depression“ leads to refusal of further observance of a diet and to recurrence of a disease.
From the book “Eda Corporation. All truth about what we eat“