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Odessa guide: on Deribasovskaya good weather

I Did Not Feel So at Home for a Long Time as when I Ascended to the Hill
I and for the First Time Stopped in Odessa.
Mark Twain “Gawks abroad, or the Way of new pilgrims“, 1869

Seems that Odessa descended from pages of the book - the vigorous decadent city which arose during economic blossoming. The well-known Potemkinsky ladder conducts down to the Black Sea and the largest trade port of Ukraine. The multinational population cheerfully spends time among painted in pastel tone of neoclassical buildings which are located along green streets.

at the end of the 18th century when the Russian empress Catherine II founded Odessa, immigrants from all Europe were attracted here with an opportunity to grow rich. These new inhabitants gave to the southern Russian window to Europe a peculiar freedom-loving character. Odessa not only became duty-free port, but thanks to warm climate and sandy beaches attracted ordinary health-resort visitors. Actually appearance of the city becomes more ordinary-looking if to go south to the night clubs located on the coast by thin sanatoria. But anyway, this crossing of the East and West compensates all shortcomings by the unique, special style, and inhabitants of Odessa in all former Soviet Union are considered as stylish, cheerful, sharp-witted people on whom it is difficult to make impression. But here it is impossible to give in to temptations. As well as in any resort, in Odessa it is always necessary to be on the alert and not to forget about dexterous fans to profit at the expense of the tourists relaxed by the holiday atmosphere.

As everything began


Catherine the Great imagined Odessa as St. Petersburg of the South. Her lover, the prince Grigory Potemkin, put a basis to her dream, in 1789 having taken the Turkish fortress Hadzhibey (fortetsya Hadzhibey) standing here earlier. But Potemkin died before in 1794 work on construction of the city began, and instead of it construction was monitored by his senior officers. The general Jose de Ribas who was born in Naples the Spaniard in honor of whom the main city street is named by Deribasovska built port. The duke de Richelieu (Armand Emmanuel du Plessi), the aristocrat running from Great French revolution became the first city`s mayor who ruled the city in 1803 - 1814. In 1815, having become duty-free port, the city began to develop violently. More and more working hands were necessary, thus, it turned into a shelter - “Odessa - mother“ - for runaway serfs, criminals, apostates and sectarians. In 1880 - x years it became the second-large Russian port. Grain, and import - means of production was the main export goods. The city was a hearth of working revolution of the beginning of 1905. There was a revolt of locals and mutiny on a battleship “the Prince Potemkin - Taurian“. Then, between 1941 and 1944, the guerrillas disappearing in city catacombs during the Great Patriotic War took part in legendary fight against the Romanian troops (allies of fascists) occupying the city. So Odessa became one of hero towns.

we Will take a walk?


Duke - quite so, in a familiar way, inhabitants of Odessa call the duke de Richelieu, - it is dressed in the Roman toga and looks very majestically. From a monument the unforgettable view of the Odessa port, the Potemkinsky ladder and, of course, the Black Sea opens! The Potemkinsky ladder brought to Odessa cinema immortality. On its steps one of the most famous episodes of world cinema was removed. The fragment from Sergey Eisenstein`s movie “the Battleship “Potemkin“ rises before eyes every time when you see these infinite wide steps which are going down directly to the sea. The ladder was created by the Italian architect Franz Boffo, and the last from 192 granite steps took the place in 1841. The lower steps are wider top that creates interesting optical illusion: when you rise, apparently, that all steps of identical width. Undoubtedly, it is the best of all to admire the Potemkinsky ladder, standing at the bottom from where you will not see the cracked parts of a covering and if were tired and you do not want to rise upward on foot, you can use the free elevator - the funicular.

Peshekhodnaya Deribasovskaya Street - the main shopping street of Odessa in which full - it is full of restaurants, bars and tourists (especially in the summer, during a high season). In more silent east end of the street you will find De Ribassou`s monument. It is a bronze statue of the admiral who built the Odessa port in honor of which the street is called. In the western end - the pleasant and perfectly updated Gardens surrounded with several restaurants. Here various knickknacks for tourists are on sale. You can be also photographed with the monkey or a snake. Undoubtedly, your attention will be drawn by the small bronze chair having the increased success among tourists soon. Sometimes the real turn queues up to it even. Still! All want to be photographed on the well-known “twelfth chair“ - illusive dream from Ilya Ilf and Evgeny Petrov`s cult novel. The foreigners not familiar with work of the Soviet classics, with cheerful bewilderment watch the commotion. The same who is aware of brilliant Ostap Bender`s adventures hurry to imprint the well-known chair and to rub it on good luck.

At the other side of the street smart “Passage“ is. This covered trade gallery - perfectly remained example of architectural style the neorenaissance, widespread in Odessa at the end of the 19th century. Its internal walls are decorated with gilding, unknown beings, lions and nymphs.

the Odessa national academic opera and ballet theater - the main pearl in an architectural crown of Odessa. The building was created in 1880 - x years architects who also created the well-known Vienna state opera, - Ferdinand Felner and Hermann Helmer. Several years the theater was closed on the reconstruction made quite carelessly and with a big pomp opened again in 2007. You can make excursion on theater or better still, descend on a performance.

Surely pass

on Primorsky Boulevard - it is the shady pedestrian zone especially attractive in hot day. In the boulevard you will see gas lamps - copies of ancient lamps of the 19th century. If you do not sit down on every second bench, you will reach the monumental palace soon with it is white - pink columns. This building of the Odessa city council. Originally in it the stock exchange was located, and then - the Soviet leaders of area. The gun located about the palace - the military trophy taken at British during the Crimean war.

the most popular monument of Odessa for photographings - a monument to Pushkin is On the square in front of City council. On a memorial board it is written:“ To A.S. Pushkin citizens of Odessa“.

In the western end of Primorsky Boulevard is stood by Vorontsov Palace. It was constructed in 1826 and the general - the city governor became the residence of the third. In registration of the palace classical style and the Arab strokes exotic for those times have something in common.

From the colonnade issued in the Greek style magnificent views on the fussy Odessa port open.

the Sad pedestrian bridge of the Soviet era behind Vorontsov Palace which officially was called Komsomol nicknamed

“Mother-in-law`s“. It is built in 1950 - x years as speak, according to the order of the mayor of that time who wanted that it was simpler to his mother-in-law to visit it, or - more popular version - that it had no pretext to stay overnight. On local custom newlyweds have to hang up on a bridge handrail the lock with an inscription and throw out a key - it guarantees long happy marriage.

Also Odessa is famous for majestic cathedrals. From which it is distinguished Sacredly - the Panteleymonovsky cathedral located near the station. It is necessary to notice five of its silvery domes sparkling in beams of the southern sun. At the end of the 19th century the cathedral was constructed by the Greek monks of the stone brought from Constantinople. If to trust a legend, every time when by order of the Soviet authorities painted over intricate frescos of a cathedral, they were wonderfully shown again.


all eyes!

the Underestimated Odessa architecture, unlike Kiev and Lviv, can be considered quarters. The city was practically not damaged during the Great Patriotic War and is full fine, though often decayed, of examples of refined architecture. Many of them reflect eclectic styles the neorenaissance and a modernist style. For example, Gogol Street. It is to the West from the Potemkinsky ladder where, obviously, the best city architects of the 19th century competed, creating the most perfect buildings. The attention is drawn at once by the house № 14 with fancy patterns, bright shades and unusual balconies. It is followed by the house № 6 where the balcony on the second floor is supported by Atlases. Nikolay Vasilyevich Gogol in whose honor the street is called, in 1850 - x years several months lived in the house № 11. The Passazh gallery, Opera and ballet theater, the main synagogue and recently restored building of the Museum of the western and east art treat other interesting buildings. Many Odessa houses were built of the limestone extracted in city catacombs.

Night life

the Most cheerful and fashionable place of the city - well-known Arkady - the cult Kurortny district abounding with bars, night clubs and restaurants. Noise and music do not cease here till the morning. Undoubtedly, at Arkady - the place, best in the city, that and to prove to be, and on others to look. And if you want to take a sip clean cool sea air, the well-known beach right there - two steps away from night clubs. In Arkady it is easy to get - from the station sweep by tram on Frantsuzsky Boulevard which, you remember, how in the song, “all in bloom“. In imperial time there lived cream of the Odessa aristocracy here, and many ancient mansions still kept the former gloss.

Colour of the Supply

Of course, walking across Odessa, it is necessary to glance on the well-known Supply - the largest and legendariest city market. Be ready that buy the whole mountain of fruit, vegetables, berries - from there it is impossible to go ungifted away in any way. But, the main thing on the Supply is not its generous gifts. The main thing is people, slightly rough, but permanently hospitable, sincere and cheerful, not lost still well-known Odessa humour and such picturesque dialect that at once it becomes clear - you in Odessa.

From the Russian-language Ukraine guide of Lonely Planet