Rus Articles Journal

Horse as medicine: riding and hippotherapy of

Excursion to a hippodrome, certainly, will make impression on any child, and for some children communication with horses can become the real medicine.

In horses is admired by everything - beauty, grace, force, speed, charm, and, above all - nobility and devotion. Horses do not suffer falseness - surprisingly, but they feel the person and his attitude towards them at distance.

Children entered an arena with some silent awe, a miracle anticipation. Even pinches, usual for first graders, and snickers abated. And in arena corners on a leash there were surprisingly beautiful, precisely shining in the slanting sunshine falling through high windows, horses. For the children who for the first time adjoined to horses so close - a real miracle.

always pulled

of the Person to this extraordinary noble animal. Communication with it, even short walk top, gives the mass of positive energy, a charge of cheerfulness and good mood. The adult understands it both heart, and reason, and the child reaches for him intuitively.

Hardly the kid who, having caught sight of a charming pony or his high and slender “elder brother“, would not delay the parent by a hand from all childish forces entreaty will be: “Well let`s drive!“

of All about seventy horses live here. Each of them has “room“ - a stall. Outside two sacks with oats hang on a door of a stall - it is a lunch and a dinner of the owner of apartments. In broad pass between two rows of stalls it is possible to see a box with oats, saddles, body cloths, a harness whether special brushes, etc.

are Known by you that this surprising herbivore on a pasture can eat in the summer from 25 to 100 kilograms of a grass and drink 30 - 60 liters of water a day?!

Children with surprise found out that horses differ from each other not only breed and growth, but also color and marks... Funny, but it turned out that the name of color of a horse not always coincides with that color which we see. For example, Ruslan - white, but its color is called - gray. If on Ruslan`s body black hairs, even rare met, he would be considered darkly - gray. Brown horse at whom a black mane, the tail and a bottom of legs, is called bay, and spotty - dappled, and they - a big rarity.

A among horses as well as among people, the phlegmatic persons, melancholiacs, sanguine persons and choleric persons meet.

If for the child temperature from 37,5 to 38,5 ° C - raised and, most likely, speaks about a viral infection, for a horse it is absolutely normal. Also we breathe differently: at rest the horse breathes approximately 8 - 16 time in a minute. But during a fast gallop the frequency of its breath increases in of 5 - 7 times. And pulse or frequency of warm blows during a quick gallop with 30 - 40 beats per minute increases up to 120 - 130. One more curious fact - in a skeleton of a horse is 212 bones. And in it there are no clavicle bones that allows an animal to make big capture of space forward extremities.

At many horses amusing names: Stapler, Velvet, Lexus. And is very majestic and poetical: Renaissance, Ruslan, Manhattan, Falcon. To thoroughbred horses, as well as dogs, name, combining the first letters in names of their parents: mothers and fathers. For example, magnificent Pininfarina`s parents were called: Obedient and Player.

of the Horse are very much loved by carrots, apples and refined sugar, but it is a dessert. Their main forage everything is oats. And here in Italy, Spain, Portugal and especially in the east of a horse eat generally barley.

At last, time for a trip astride came. And nobody was afraid! To feel how the earth under you shakes and constantly the center of gravity, very unusually changes... But it is so healthy! whether

it Is dangerous by
They say that optimum age for occupations by equestrian sport - six years.
Though equestrian sport, certainly, is potentially injury-causing, experts claim that as practice shows, at physical education classes children are traumatized more often than at occupations by riding. There is no top age limit to start occupations - it is possible to be fond of riding and on pension.

the Unusual doctor

the Horse - not only the good friend, the assistant, but also the doctor. Hippotherapy is known since the most ancient times, but in our country seriously began to be engaged in it only about twenty years ago. It is well-known that hippotherapy very much helps children with diseases oporno - the motive device, but it is not the only indication to more close acquaintance with unusual “doctor“.

Today experts say

that communication with horses is also useful for children with a hypertensive illness 1 and 2 stages, autism, aphasia, hydrocephaly, blood diseases, poliomyelitis, multiple sclerosis and with other diseases.

It is considered p that there are no absolute contraindications for hippotherapy. And relative contraindications are serious warmly - vascular diseases, scoliosis 3 - 4 degrees, and also dislocations, incomplete dislocations, instability of coxofemoral joints.

What treats a horse?

two directions of hippotherapy Exist: physical rehabilitation when specially picked up sets of exercises train certain muscles, and psychological rehabilitation, in other words, correction of the psychoemotional sphere.

Physical rehabilitation

Hippotherapy develops physical activity of the kid, promotes restoration of the broken functions, improves or restores the lost skills and helps to form new. In fact, riding is a special form of physiotherapy exercises where acts as an apparatus... horse, living being.


When riding provides simultaneous inclusion in work practically of all groups of muscles of a body of the sick child. There is it reflex as, moving together with a horse, the rider is forced to try to keep balance not to fall. Thus, the healthy, and affected with an illness body muscles are induced to activity also.

Psychological rehabilitation

Is considered

that children which behavior at school, a family deviates the standard norms - “difficult“ children - often feel like losers, are ready to loss. Such child feels deep despondency, it has attacks of bad mood.

the Deviant behavior can be attempt to draw attention, to prove to itself and surrounding own importance, or, on the contrary, to revenge for the failures. Work in a stable, care of horses, contents as equipment, participation in the general work gives to the child with violation of behavior the chance to join life of team and to have satisfaction from well performed work.

For children with a delay of mental development riding is too chance to find self-confidence.

In spite of the fact that often these children are clumsy, the understanding of difficult instructions at them is broken, they can and want to go by a horse.

the Children suffering from autism live in the world which is fenced off from all external and are not able to communicate with world around fully. Vigorous activity and repeated repetition of movements helps them to get rid of fears, to find hobbies for development of abilities and formation of intelligence. Riding - an excellent opportunity for this purpose.

still it is useful to

A to children with violation of sight and hearing. Ways of training at such children different: for deaf children effective use of a method of imitation, for blind people - accurate instructions and repeated repetition. It is also necessary for blind children that the instructor told and described what he sees around. Children with a hearing disorder and sight difficult are given independent activity, they feel unsuccessful. Riding gives them those experiences which they are often deprived: an emotional elation, joyful nervousness at achievement of the purpose.

I for any person - small and adult, healthy and not really - walk astride a horse will become an excellent way of finding of internal harmony.