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Ideal ficus for your interior of

about twenty Years ago the friend all tortured me when I get rid of a grandmother`s monster. She considered as a monster a huge ficus rubber-bearing. Now these house trees again in fashion.

Many years it is a plant decorated rural houses, city apartments, libraries and so namozolit all eyes that was recognized as a symbol of narrow-mindedness and it is in most cases sent to a dump.


Ya she is grateful to the grandmother for the fact that it kept a ficus, every week washed its huge leaves, polished with a velvet rag. My grandmother had an easy therefore, even without knowing anything about a plant hand, it created a beautiful tree with dense krone. About five years ago somehow the fashion on this house tree unexpectedly returned. The garden centers offer a wide choice of ficuses today - from tiny ampelous to huge lirovidny.

It is unconditional, an ancient ficus rubber-bearing - one of the best soliter as for big rooms, and modest drawing rooms. Besides a usual form with dark green large leaves it is possible to get the most different kultivara today. Doycheri`s grades - with kremovo - yellow drawing on leaves and rozovato - a red average vein, the Tricolour with marble drawing from kremovo - white, green and pink spots are extraordinary effective. Tinek`s grade with drawing from white and gray dabs on leaves is good. From novelties - Shreveriana whose huge leaves are painted in oranzhevo - yellow tone, Melanie - leaves darkly - green with a reddish shade, with a pink border on edge and a red average vein.

In big drawing rooms the grade Robusta is pertinent

: its very large it is dark - green leaves are slightly touched by wrinkles. But I like effective Black Prins. It has more roundish leaves with black outflow. After polishing they literally attract a look.

But not only the ficus rubber-bearing perfectly copes with a role of a soliter. A ficus lirovidny and Binnendiyk`s ficus perfectly fit into an interior. Of course, it is possible to grow up also other types - a ficus dlinnolistny or a ficus Bengalese (Indyk). But they are suitable rather for a winter garden with special conditions.

At a ficus lirovidny a leaf of very beautiful form, dense, brilliant, with effective relief veins. It is especially good kultivar Bambino: a bush compact, leaves with small dredging and brilliant pink veins are located densely. The ficus lirovidny very effectively looks in the rooms issued in east style. Binnendiyk`s ficus more is suitable for romantic style. Its krone and long narrow leaves remind our willow and in spite of the fact that leaves at a plant dense, leathery, the feeling of the movement of air is created. Most often on sale there are Ali`s grades to leaves up to 20 cm long and Amstel Quinn to wider leaves up to 30 cm long.

the Most popular ficus at Russians - a ficus of Benjamin which forms more compact gustooblistvenny plant with rather slow growth. This ficus perfectly looks as a single plant on a little table or a support. Is ideally suited for small rooms.

Benjamin`s Ficus grow up as a small tree or the exotic dwarf for composition in style a bonsai, its branches with small leaflets gracefully hang, creating magnificent decorative effect. Poecilophyllous grades are especially popular: Bushi King, Starlayt, Carly. Leaves both green, and spotty, and cream, and even white occur at the last in krone. At Monique`s grade edge of leaflets wavy. At a grade Redzhinald leaflets zolotisto - green with dark specks along the central vein. In winter time it “shines“ summer heat. Did not lose relevance and very popular grade Natasha forming a graceful dwarfish bush with small it is dark - green leaves.

the twisting trunk therefore it is better than others suits

At Viandi`s grade for a bonsai.

Among ficuses not only huge trees, graceful bushes, but also the real ampelous plants exist.

the Most popular ampelous ficus - a ficus dwarfish - an evergreen bush with the thin, climbing stalks. In culture the form with very small is presented, oval or asymmetric it is dark - leaves, green on very short scapes. This ficus tenevynosliv and very much vlagolyubiv. In a winter garden it quickly forms a dense green carpet. In room conditions this excellent ampelous plant. It is used for shelter of the soil in tubs with large soliter, in compositions of bottle gardens.

Along with the main form poecilophyllous grades of a ficus dwarfish - Sanni, Vayt Sanni, Variyegat exist. Minim`s grade - a crumb with leaflets - hearts no more than 1 cm in the diameter is attractive.

the Ficus which is taking roots - an undersized low shrub which quickly occupies the space thanks to the easily taking roots polegayushchy escapes. In suspended baskets most often use Variyegat`s grade with the leaflets bordered kremovo - a white uneven strip.

the General rules of maintenance of ficuses in the house are simple

. They do not take out direct sunshine. But it does not mean that all ficuses can grow far from natural lighting. Poecilophyllous grades, for example, will please with original and bright coloring only at good lighting.

are not loved by ficuses and sharp temperature drops, drafts (optimum temperature in the winter 16 - 21C). It is better to move them on a balcony or in a garden in the summer.

also dry air therefore they are put far away from the battery Is pernicious

for a ficus and often spray leaves water. Besides, “bathing“ under a warm shower, and for large plants - wiping by a soft sponge of each leaflet once a week will be required.

a ficus are carefully watered in the Summer by two times a week, in the winter - one. At the same time it is necessary to consider force of root system and activity of growth. Water from the pallet in 10 minutes after watering surely is merged.

Ficuses dump leaves most often from - behind cutting of change of conditions of cultivation, for example at sudden fall of temperature, change of illumination and humidity of air. If the ficus “stood“ in growth, so came it is time to replace a pot and the soil or to feed up a plant.