Rus Articles Journal

The allergy under control of

Statistics claims that the number of children - allergic persons annually grows. And there is no wonder, their percent among other things is directly proportional to number of the parents having an allergy. If one of them the allergic person, then predisposition to allergic diseases is inherited from the kid in 25% of cases and if both mother, and the father are ill, the risk increases twice.

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Allergic manifestations are caused by misoperation of immune system. All of us since the childhood know that immunity our friend, it protects from diseases. But in this case he becomes the enemy as begins to react to irritants which do not bring upon ordinary people any trouble. the Most known allergens - pollen of trees and herbs, household chemicals, house dust, hair of animals, food. However this list can be continued indefinitely.

Allergens on a table

the Popular belief that little children more have food allergy. Really, zheludochno - an intestinal path at remains absolutely unripe. Introduction of new food sometimes causes rashes on skin in the children predisposed to an allergy. Now it is accepted to call them atopic dermatitis, to our mothers and grandmothers they are better known under the name of “diathesis“.

Guarantee of preservation of health of the kid - strict observance of rules of introduction of a feeding up, and also the choice of the least allergenic products in the first years of life. Before half a year breastfeeding is preferably exclusive. Recommend to begin a feeding up with vegetable marrows, a cauliflower, green apple and a pear, bananas. At the same time be careful with bread and porridges. Wheat and rye contain gluten which often causes allergic reactions. And barley and oats have in the structure substances gordein and avenin, similar on impact on the allergic person`s organism with gluten.

By the way, introduction of a feeding up does not mean at all that the kid does not need maternal milk. Experts even more often declare that among the reasons of distribution of an allergy not only the bad ecological situation, but also reduction of terms of breastfeeding is in the lead. Cow`s milk which is responsible for 90% of cases of food allergy at children contains about 20 various proteins - potential allergens. Not without reason the World Health Organization recommends not to separate children from a breast before two years.

At early age it is important to p not to pass symptoms of food allergy. the Correct diet for the feeding mother and the kid, maintaining the food diary , and also creation of the hypoallergenic environment can quite protect the child from development of a disease. In case of observance of all rules and timely treatment, to 3 - 4 to years of display of food allergy can come to naught. However at children, inclined to an allergy, reaction to food allergens can remain is longer.

the World around the child scientists even more often call


Among the reasons of increase in number of allergic persons... excessive sterilization of rooms in which there are kids. Remember, decades ago children bravely pottered in the earth, crept on a floor and less often had an allergy. Modern mothers are afraid once again to let out the child on a floor, without having cleaned it before it to gloss. Thus, the kid has no chance to meet microbes which train him immunity. At the same time, excessive concentration of allergens in a nursery is also not welcomed. Therefore the care of purity in the house where there lives the child, always has to be carried out, but without fanaticism.

Soft toys, open book shelves, carpets and heavy curtains - the best-known dust collectors and messengers of allergens - dust pincers. Creation of hypoallergenic space begins with fight against them. As for pets and plants, they should not be derelicts at all, but it is not necessary to live in a nursery to them. In flowerpots such allergens as a mold and fungi can be got. And allocations of animals, and at all not wool as many think, and skin scales, saliva - the most frequent responsible for allergic reactions. Therefore you should not forbid the child to play with a cat in the neighboring room, but it is not recommended to allow its frequent stay in the nursery. By the way, not only four-footed pets, but also small fishes, reptiles and a forage for them can cause an allergy.


Among means of maintenance of purity always welcome damp cleaning without chemicals. The matter is that the traces of household chemicals which remained on surfaces can irritate skin of the kid. If not to do without cleaners, choose liquid options, it is better special nurseries. In fight against dust by the good assistant there can be a humidifier, especially in the winter, during a heating season when air in apartments is, as a rule, overdried. If you did not decide on a humidifier yet, the wet towels which are spread out on hot batteries will help.

And behind a window spring

Allergens live not only at home. They contain in a huge number on the street. Such picture is familiar to you? Outside April, all wait for spring, and the kid ached: he incessantly sneezes and he has a stuffy nose. To all can quite be fault pollinoz or reactions to pollen of plants. Yes, dusting of a number of trees begins before emergence of the first leaflets in April. For example, in 2010 in Moscow the hazel grove and an alder began to raise dust at the very beginning of April. In 2011 the spring was late and release of pollen of an alder, hazel grove and poplar began in 20 - x dates of April. In the central part of Russia the first the birch, an alder, a filbert (hazel grove) begin to emit pollen. Then, following the habitual schedule, other trees blossom, in the summer relay is adopted at first by cereals, and then and weeds. And, wind can bring pollen from far away, especially in droughty weather.

pollinoz occurs At children most often after three-year age. At its emergence be careful on walks. You do not leave with the child the house early morning hours - at this time plants produce most of all pollen. Rainy and cool days are optimum for walks. Upon return home it is necessary to wash clothes, and also to take a shower. It is necessary to dry clothes at home. Apartment windows during dusting should be held closed. And if for a blossoming season you can take away the child in other climatic zone where everything already faded or did not blossom yet, it will be just remarkable.

before a season of blossoming needs to discuss necessary therapy with the attending physician. Today there is a huge number of antihistaminic preparations. For example, drugs of the second generation do not cause drowsiness, do not worsen ability of the child to training, some possess rather powerful action. But only the doctor will pick up what will be the most effective in everyone concrete a case.

Besides, most often reaction arises on pollen of certain plants. Therefore it is important to reveal prichinno a significant plant as much as possible to secure the child during its blossoming.

do not forget

about of a cross allergy . At reaction to this or that pollen most often there is also an intolerance of certain food or herbs. Therefore refusal of the kid - the allergic person from some product can be caused not by a whim, and reaction to it.

the Cross allergy can be shown by

differently. Distinguish difficulty of swallowing or breath, a nose congestion, rash on a body from the most common symptoms, nausea and belly-aches.

the Comment of the expert

Irina Yakovlevna Tokareva , the doctor of higher category, the allergist - the immunologist of GKB № 29 of Bauman, the expert of the program “Netallergiya. ru“:

“If the child regularly has a cold, sneezing, eyes water, rashes on skin develop, there is an occasion to think of an allergy. Pay attention whether symptoms have a dependence on any external factors. If cold with plentiful transparent separated regularly arises in the same room and vanishes in other place, most likely, you faced an allergy. It is possible to distinguish allergic symptoms from catarrhal on lack of the increased body temperature, the weakness characteristic of a SARS. But only the expert on the basis of survey of the patient, and also results of analyses can confirm or disprove the diagnosis.

At treatment of any allergic disease both elimination of the irritating factor - allergen, and medicinal therapy is important

. If the child has an expressed reaction to animals, sometimes it is necessary to leave pets for the sake of health of the child as the started allergy often develops into more dangerous allergic diseases, such as bronchial asthma. Be vigilant - often the people having pets are carriers of allergens. Therefore there will be nothing surprising if in kindergarten the child can have an allergic reaction at close contact with other kid having houses a cat or a doggie. The abundance of carpets, soft toys increases keeping of a tick of house dust in air, it is necessary to get rid of all this at the slightest suspicions on an allergy.

Surely discuss reception of antihistaminic preparations with the attending physician. Drugs in a liquid form are preferable to children. Many preparations have age restrictions. There is a small list of modern effective and safe preparations which children can apply of a year.

Parents of allergic persons have to be very attentive

to a condition of the child as the list of allergens to which its organism reacts can extend“.

the strongest food allergens

  1. Citrus (oranges, tangerines, lemons, grapefruits).
  2. Nuts (filbert, almonds, peanut).
  3. Fish and fish products (fresh and salty fish, fish broths, canned food from fishes, caviar and other seafood).
  4. Fowl (a goose, a duck, chicken) and products from it.
  5. Chocolate and chocolate products.
  6. of Coffee.
  7. Smoked products.
  8. Vinegar, mustard, mayonnaise and other spices.
  9. Horse-radish, garden radish, radish.
  10. Tomatoes, eggplants, sweet pepper.
  11. Mushrooms.
  12. of Egg.
  13. cow`s milk.
  14. Strawberry, wild strawberry, melon, pineapple.
  15. Wheat, rye, barley, oats.
  16. Fancy pastry because contains cow`s milk.
  17. Medical

the Cross allergy

pollinozy reaction causes
  • In patients not only pollen, but also a number of foodstuff and plants. In the left column types of pollen, and in average and right - food and herbs on which there can be a cross allergy are specified.
  • Allergen Foodstuff on which there can be reactions to the allergen specified in the first column Herbs on which there can be reactions to the allergen specified in the first column
    Pollen of a birch, an alder or hazel grove Birch sap, plums, peaches, apricots, cherry, sweet cherry, olives, olives, apples, pears, a kiwi, nuts, a celery, parsley, honey, carrots, potatoes, tomatoes, cognac as a part of confectionery the Birch leaf, birch kidneys, alder cones, buckthorn bark, pine kidneys, lime color
    Pollen of cereal meadow herbs (a meadow grass, a fescue and so forth) Food cereals: krupyany porridges and macaroni, bread and bakery products, other products from cereals (oats, wheat, rye, barley) or products from their flour (schnitzels, cutlets, gravies, sauces, muesli) All on the basis of cereal herbs
    Pollen of slozhnotsvetny herbs (a wormwood, an ambrosia) Seeds of sunflower and sunflower oil (sunflower halvah, mayonnaise, mustard); the drinks made with use of a wormwood (Vermouths, balms); melon, water-melon; vegetable marrows, eggplants, pumpkin, cucumbers, cabbage, honey, chicory Preparations on the basis of a wormwood, camomiles, calendulas, mother - and - stepmothers, a devyasila, a train, a yarrow, a tansy, a dandelion, a dogrose
    Pollen of marevy herbs (orach) Beet, spinach