What is Maun? It is a little about the Japanese heraldry ofFrom where the logo of Mitsubishi automobile concern, three diamonds undertook, for example? It appears, it is the patrimonial coat of arms. But not absolutely coat of arms and not absolutely emblem. And it is a little from that and another. It is Japanese family Maun which carries out practically the same functions, as the European coat of arms of some ancient aristocratic family. the Japanese heraldry differs in
from the European. In Europe the coat of arms - first of all the sort sign passing into the next generation (sometimes as only “inheritance“) it is obligatory. It is a blood sign, first of all. And Japanese Maun, or - Maun - rather personal sign of one person though can be and is familiar to family and also to devolve. Both the aristocrat, and the peasant can have Maun. At the same time its drawing will be equally simple anyway. But Mona do not differ on the rank as the European coats of arms.
Mona are represented on property of the Japanese, and both movable, and immovable. For example, at Japanese became a habit to distinguish the signs the kimono. The shogun Yosimutsu Ashikaga in the 14th century became the pioneer. Late it turned into custom. People of various professions, such as taxi drivers, porters, sellers, workers of various plants, etc., wear a uniform with the image of the Mona. To have an own sign it is honourable and hardly anyone - nibud neglects such opportunity to be allocated. Even criminal groups of the Japanese mafia have yakuzas - there are the of Mona.
Japanese Maun differs from the European, often elaborate and too magnificent coats of arms of the most various flowers in quieter symbolics. On it is mute quite simple is represented it is black - white drawing. For example, geometrical sign. Or plant. Or just mountain. Various flowers are popular. Drawing is surely symmetric and usually put into a circle of 4 cm in the diameter.
There are only six main thematic symbols for creation of mon: plants, animal, natural phenomena, various objects, abstract drawings and hieroglyphs. The most popular - plants. To be exact - elements of plants: leaf, fruit, petals, etc. Images on the monk of an odnostilna, do not mark out individual taste and extremely simple. In total 350 basic drawings are created. At the expense of variations each of designs can be modified, having received, thereby, new signs. For example, to add several petals to already available, either lines, or strokes. The slightest addition - and here it is ready new Maun.
The chrysanthemum is assigned to the imperial house. Seldom or never Maun with a chrysanthemum complains as an award for fidelity of a dynasty and to the state. And only the imperial chrysanthemum can be color - yellow color. The others of Mona - it is black - white. It also is clear: the family members who are quite seriously considering themselves as descendants of gods the same personal signs, as mere mortals cannot have. The person from the imperial house has to point Maun to a vysokorodnost of its owner accurately.
Besides, imperial Maun serves also as the State Emblem. 16 - the petal chrysanthemum decorates the Japanese passports and banknotes. Some temples and monasteries can also use a chrysanthemum is an evidence of special protection of the emperor of Japan.
At Mona there is the history. It is considered that the first Mona in Japan arose in the XII century. And at first - only as signs of patrimonial property of the aristocracy. In the 14th century Samurais acquired the right for the signs too. From 17th century the of Mona had everything a little - malsk wealthy Japanese. And since the XVIII century - even ordinary peasants. Revolution of Meydzi of 1868 equaled all in the right to have own - Maun.
There are data that else in far 6th century. the emperor Suyko already got own mon what narrates the chronicle “Nikhon Syoki“ about. However that the governor decorated the flags with special symbolics there is nothing strange and new. Even more ancient history of the different countries knows such receptions of difference of high-dear people from simple as the personal, special symbolics.
Today in Japan practically everyone has Maun. The sign can devolve. Happens that the woman, marrying, adds Maun, got to her from mother, to Mona of the husband. So the new family Japanese coat of arms is born. Sometimes spouses have different signs - at everyone the. There is no obligatory rule. As it is optional to have in general Maun. Today it is more likely a tribute to historical traditions and a certain esthetic symbol.