Rus Articles Journal

Aroma - soul of a garden. The Beginning

During creation of flower beds is important to consider part 2

not only coloring of flowers, a form of leaves, height, blossoming duration. It is necessary to pay attention to aroma of plants also. We continue the story about a fragrant garden.

In May the euphorbia kiparisovidny blossoms, filling air with a wonderful smell. Many krestotsvetny have strong pleasant honey aroma. Becomes covered by a cloud of golden slightly fragrant flowers alissum rocky, a little later spiny dogfishes fill with pleasant strong aroma a garden: the spiny dogfish growing to 2 m the Tatar and undersized spiny dogfish seaside. These types look quite to the place in a landscape garden. The rhizome of a spiny dogfish Tatar has the same properties, as a horse-radish root, but unlike horse-radish a plant not aggressive. Leaves of a spiny dogfish seaside use in salads.

In May - June many carnations blossom. In France and England the carnation was a flower of the nobility, in Belgium, on the contrary, was considered as a common people flower, a home symbol. In Germany a carnation - a flower of constancy and fidelity. Germans gave a flower the name for similarity to spice - buds of a clove tree. From German this name passed into Poland, and from there into Russia.

Very fragrant flowers have

a carnation plumose and Turkish (bearded), and the smell of a carnation sandy can be felt at distance of several meters.

at the end of spring - the beginning of summer the honeysuckle kaprifol which flowers are fragrant in morning and evening hours blossoms. Aroma of a honeysuckle reminds aroma of lilies with vanilla notes. Recently in the southern areas in gardens the honeysuckle Japanese, having thinner, but also stronger smell widely extended. This plant blossoms is long, with small breaks during all vegetative period and fills with the aroma all garden not only in the morning and in the evening, but also throughout the day.

Among specific the most fragrant are white lilies - a lily snow-white and a lily royal which has stronger, pungent smell. The most fragrant grades of lilies belong to group of east hybrids. Aroma of these flowers is wonderful, beauty and a variety of coloring strike, however because there are they from Hugo - East Asia, it is more preferable to grow up east hybrids in the closed soil. At the end of May - the beginning of June lilies begin to blossom. There are lilies with the delicate gentle aroma reminding a vanilla smell, orange, a violet, but is also such which have a pungent, unpleasant smell (Shovits`s lily, a lily of Kesselringa).

the grades relating to dlinnotsvetkovy, tubular and Orleans lilies differ in

in Strong aroma. However they are insufficiently winter-hardy in northern latitudes, often suffer from returnable frosts and demand special shelter a film in April - May.

trans-species hybrids appeared in recent years: The joint-stock company - hybrids, LO - hybrids, FROM - hybrids, LOO - hybrids, etc., steadier against adverse conditions, but inherited from initial types beautiful forms of a flower and delicate refined aroma.

to

For our northern latitudes most are suitable Asian hybrids. They are winter-hardy, unpretentious, various on coloring. Unfortunately, the vast majority of grades of this group have no smell.

the day lily is Very close to

to lilies on blossoming terms. It begins to blossom in the middle of blossoming of lilies - the middle of July. In China the day lily is considered a flower of fun and a raising of spirit.

Day lilies are subdivided by

on fragrant and not having a smell. Many day lilies have only slightly fragrant flowers. Aroma of day lilies has a set of variations and shades, and at times an unexpected combination of tones of aroma - from a heavy magic smell of a honeysuckle and stupefying East - sweet musk to bright citrus aroma, from warm honey aroma of nectar to delicate, refined aroma of purity and freshness.

However many hybrid grades of day lilies have no smell now. Unfortunately, in modern selection work in connection with emergence of tetraploid aroma of a flower is not a priority sign, hybridization is directed mainly to improvement of phenotypical characteristics of a flower (the size, color, new forms, ryushisty edges, etc.) and aroma left on a background.

the Most fragrant day lilies belong to specific and old diploidic grades. There is a tendency that day lilies of yellow, orange flowers are more fragrant, than hybrids of dark coloring. A basis for hybridization of fragrant day lilies were specific - a day lily yellow (it is considered the most fragrant), and also a day lily limonno - yellow and Tunberg`s day lily. Small aroma is present at Dyumortye`s day lily and Middendorf`s day lily. All these specific day lilies became primogenitors of modern fragrant hybrids.

Day lilies as unique flower culture besides various variations of the sizes of a flower, a tsvetonos, a form, a palette of color scale have one more surprising feature - it is daily behavior of a flower, that is time of opening of a flower of a day lily within a day. They are characterized by night type of blossoming - the flower reveals in the evening, remaining opened all night long, and withers next afternoon. These specific day lilies - Tunberg`s day lily, a day lily limonno - yellow and their hybrids possess aroma which fills our evening and night gardens.

In the second half of summer the phlox panicled blossoms. About this type of a phlox the famous German flower grower Karl Foster spoke as of “the fragrant and blossoming lord of a summer garden“. Unostentatious, a little tart and spicy aroma cannot be confused with any another. These plants will transform a garden, creating bright, festive mood the fragrant multi-colored inflorescences. Using grades of different term of blossoming it is possible to admire long phloxes, inhaling their unique smell.

the Queen of a shady garden is called to a host. Hosts are appreciated not only beauty of leaves, many grades with beautiful and fragrant flowers - white appeared, lilac or lilac - Stendart, Sludge ice and Krim, Savannah, Fregrant the Bouquet, Guakamol, Kolor Pared, Freud Greene by Tomatos, Freud Bananas, Hanibellz, Austen Dickinson, Emily Dickinson Is twisted. Their fine delicate aroma reminds at the same time a lilac, a violet and a lily. Khosta podorozhnikovy is also famous for aroma of flowers. In northern areas it most often lacks time to blossom. But in the south it blossoms in August - the beginning of September, and seldom what garden does without this plant.

at the end of summer - an early autumn the chrysanthemum blossoms.“ Zlatotsvetkovy“ - so in translation from Latin this name sounds. As the garden plant a chrysanthemum began to be grown up in China at the beginning of our era, at first as vegetable culture and then and as decorative. In those days believed that the chrysanthemum, in addition, is capable to prolong life. Really this plant is capable to purify air like coniferous plants, it brings balance in an organism (that is useful first of all for nervous system and kidneys).

at the beginning of cultivation of a chrysanthemum its flowers had a yellow shade. Now the color scale of chrysanthemums has a wide range - white, pink, crimson, claret, violet. Are curative sirenevo - violet fragrant chrysanthemums. Inhalation of their aroma, and also the petals added to food treat hormonal violations, including infertility. The chrysanthemum can be grown up on the sun and in a penumbra.

Decorated as though with jewels, the autumn garden raznotsvety chrysanthemums sparkles. It is the farewell gift of fall, touch-up in a carnival of flowers and aromas bearing a shrill note of grief of parting till spring.