Aroma - soul of a garden. Part 1
Since ancient times, creating gardens, people aspired to that not only to surround themselves in the beautiful flowers, but also to derive pleasure, inhaling wonderful, and at times and curative aromas.by
in landscaping more appreciate Recently coloring, the flower form allowing to create effective compositions, at the same time many fragrant plants are unfairly forgotten. The garden has to smell sweet. Without fragrant plants it as though is deprived of the soul and is perceived only as the beautiful picture.
Smells have special, very strong impact on the person. In the sterile, deprived of smells atmosphere of service premises of people unconsciously feels discomfort, fatigue, irritability. Recently it became known that smells of plants increase air ionization, increasing concentration of easy ions that well affects the person, providing his energy potential. Therefore in some countries for increase of working capacity and creation of comfort indoors spray the corresponding natural essential oils. They connect harmful chemicals, destroy pathogenic microorganisms, doing air biologically active.Smells exert
impact directly on cells of a brain and on the central nervous system. They affect mood and health, excite or calm. Aromas increase cheerfulness, endurance to physical, intellectual and emotional activities. With their help symptoms of the collecting fatigue, overfatigue, irritability, a stress easily are removed. It is established that aromas of plants positively influence cardiovascular system, bronchial tubes, easy and other systems of an organism, serve for prevention of flu and cold.
the Word “aroma“ means a pleasant smell, a fragrance. Speaking about smells in a garden, first of all we mean aroma of flowers. The fashion to such gardens came from the East. Still in the ancient time at palaces of the Chinese emperors landed gardens which intended only for rest and pleasure exotic and fragrant plants.Experts allocate to
more than 500 widespread smells published in the flowers. Aromas conditionally subdivide into several groups: gentle (mint, a lavender, a sage, rosemary), spicy (a carnation, an azalea, a nasturtium, fennel), heavy (a lily, a jasmine, a narcissus), sweet (a clover, elder, a honeysuckle, a heliotrope), honey (a hawthorn, a barberry, a musky rose), fruit (a magnolia, a geranium), pink (a rose, a peony, some grades of a honeysuckle), found (a sweet pea, irises, a wistaria, a hyacinth, a lilac).
Aromas can change depending on a season, illumination of plants, air temperature. The best time for walks on a garden of aromas - evening: paints of a garden fade, visions are pushed the background, giving way to our sense of smell. Delicate refined aromas of one plants can sometimes be suppressed with others, stronger. Therefore before putting at itself in a garden of several strongly smelling plants, it is necessary to know and consider terms of their blossoming. Selecting fragrant plants, we can create at ourselves on a site the real “garden of smells“ which will please us from early spring to late fall.
Right after a descent of snow snowdrops, a bit later - a violet fragrant blossom. It is considered that aroma of violets installs optimism and gives strength to recovery. Then early narcissuses and hyacinths blossom. All hyacinths (both with simple, and with terry flowers) are allocated with strong delicate aroma with a fruit note. Unlike many fragrant plants which when landing should be “brought closer“ to feel a smell hyacinths extend the aroma everywhere. Therefore they are put single not numerous group in well lit place of a garden.
In May tulips blossom. Each flower has gentle delicate aroma which can be felt, having bent to it. Put in large numbers, tulips sate air with a delicate fresh perfume.
In the same time the latest narcissuses - modest poetic, magnificent terry Akropolis - snow-white with red sterile stamens (staminodiya) and other fragrant grades relating to these groups blossom.
the Blossoming lilac with its refined slightly bitterish smell promotes relaxation, its aroma is useful at anemia and other diseases of blood. The close relative of an ordinary lilac - a lilac Hungarian - possesses sharper and even slightly suffocating smell which can be unpleasant to much.
the Smell of the blossoming mock orange restores forces. Numerous species and grades of mock oranges blossom in different terms (usually for two weeks) therefore it is possible to pick up them so that to enjoy aroma throughout one and a half - two months.
Very often some gardeners - fans call a mock orange a jasmine though it has no botanical relation to a sort a jasmine. The homeland of jasmines - Arabia and East India.“ Love moonlight“ - so called a jasmine in India. Its aroma - refined, gentle, it is sweetish - cold, slightly heavy. Modern bioastrologers consider that it stimulates creativity and the birth of original ideas, strengthens self-respect, feeling of wellbeing, helps to adapt with an unfamiliar situation. The jasmine scent possesses the antistress, weakening action, eliminates fatigue, muscular tension, will mobilize reserve forces of an organism. In the territory of Russia some types of a jasmine in an open ground grow only in the Caucasus - our climate is too severe for them. However they well grow in greenhouses and in apartments; in a warm season the jasmine growing in a pot or the container can be taken out in a garden, enjoying its aroma all summer.
Gentle aroma of a lily of the valley tones up an organism, improves mood, increases working capacity. In the same time within nearly a month the phlox which is spread wide with gently - blue fragrant flowers blossoms. It well grows in a penumbra, lighting with the light flowers the darkened garden corners.
Worthy decoration of a fragrant garden are peonies. Their fresh aroma makes the stimulating impact, fills with forces, increases working capacity. And on the contrary, the smell of its dried-up petals weakens, promote a dream.
More than one and a half thousand years grow up peonies in China. For a long time at Chinese the peony symbolizes awakening of life. About a peony tell “hundred roses in one flower“. It means that the form of a flower reminds a rose flower, and aroma - a smell of ancient roses. Many treelike peonies have strong fresh sweetish aroma though separate grades do not smell or even have not really pleasant smell.grassy peonies which blossom on two - three weeks after treelike are considered as
as the Most fragrant. As well as roses, they differ in a huge variety of smells and their shades. At peonies it is possible to find aromas with impurity of flower, fruit, citrus, spicy notes. Aroma of a flower - one of the major high-quality signs, and sometimes close grades can be distinguished only on aroma. Only about 20% of grades have a smell. Peonies which aroma is heard at distance are considered fragrant. Slaboaromatny are peonies to which it is necessary to bend to smell. The most intensive aroma is observed at just blossomed flower in the morning. To the middle of day aroma weakens. At old flowers aroma loses intensity. Aroma can be tart and sweet, sharp and gentle, mint, musky, lemon, coffee and so on. There are grades of peonies with a smell of a carnation, lilacs, the blossoming linden. One of the first the peony the Pearl scattering with one-time - the violet flowers smelling of a rose blossoms. Many grades of grassy peonies have this aroma of a rose. Jasmine scent at a peony Spring, the Mirage. A smell of a lily of the valley at grades Le Xin, the Duchess pear de Nemour.by
In an interval between blossoming of treelike and grassy peonies observes blossoming of irises. The majority of grades have the shade of a smell - lemon, fruit, grassy and even the bearing a faint resemblance moss smell. Aroma of irises seems to someone mysterious, mystical, it reminds someone aromas of the East. In the beginning dwarfish irises with modulations of yellow, blue, violet colourings blossom. Some grades have the delicate aroma of a French perfume which is carried on many meters from the blossoming low curtains. Bearded irises have heavier sweet smell, different degree of intensity. Several blossoming groups of irises can fill with the aroma a small garden. Weak, velvety aroma (white plum) extends the iris blossoming at the end of June cereal, but to feel it, it is necessary to bend over a flower.