Frederick II. Than the person who was “bivat“ by A. Suvorov is great? Part 1“Not army for the state, and the state for army“, “Diplomacy without weapon - that music without tools“, “I was tired to govern slaves“. All these phrases belong to one of the most interesting monarchs of Europe. Though at us not that did not mention textbooks (it would be impossible to ignore such figure) it, but it appeared in quite negative light.
1. Russia was at war with it.
2. After death it was one of symbols of the state which left very bad memory.
3. Twice governors of Russia undertook to imitate it in the structure of the state. Twice it led to extreme discontent of the propertied classes and revolutions.
We will begin with the end.
3. “Imitators“: Russian emperors Peter III and Paul I.
2. The national hero, sample and ideal made this monarch in nazi Germany.
3. His name - Frederick II, the king of Prussia in 1740-1786
Why the speech about it now?
In - the first, incidentally. In - the second, in August the terrestrial way of the king came to the end. In - the third, in August three years in a row Russians carried out three fights with Friedrich. - without having lost the first, - having won two. And having deserved a peculiar recognition of the Prussian king.
But we will start anew!
A. Suvorov compared himself to Friedrich: “I am better than the Prussian king. I, the Grace of God, did not lose fights!“
Oh, paltered the field marshal! Yes, Suvorov did not lose fights. But also did not wage wars. And the Prussian king won not only fights and campaigns (what Suvorov happened to direct only at very mature age!) but wars. Forgive! It is not attempt to belittle really great Suvorov, but these people acted in absolutely different scale.
Suvorov`s talents are many-sided. He also spoke policy very reasonably. But in practice showed more tactical talents.
And Friedrich waged full-scale, all-European wars. Began others or provoked. And even “losing fights“, remained the commander`s standard for Europe! By right having become history Great Friedrich.
Several generations of governors of Prussia built the country which reached the maximum blossoming at Frederick II. As well as predecessors, it put on military power, keeping “under the gun“ in a peace time more than 2,5% of the population. In wars - to 3,7%! Incredibly, especially at poverty of Prussia. Let`s compare: army of France - 0,6 and 1,2% respectively...
His father held more, but it did not happen to it to wage serious wars. But the son received extremely militarized country. Also it appeared, the best army of Europe. Which did not fail to use.
Of course, Friedrich waged wars of conquest! But it was norm. They were conducted by all who could. Peter I not the conqueror? Friedrich did approximately the same for Prussia! Expanded, built. Developed education. And a versatility they are similar. However, Petrovsky influence concerned the country. It adopted more. And at Friedrich adopted others. Its military heritage lived also in 19 century. Cultural vividly and now. Friedrich directly participated in design of the San palace - Sushi. And now execute its pieces of music.
Considerable literary heritage. And political: guarantee of future greatness of Germany.
By the way, not Friedrich was at war with Russia, and on the contrary. The resolution on the introduction in war says: “Oslabya of the king Prussian to make it for Russia not terrible and not zabotny; having strengthened the Vienna yard return of Silesia, to make the union with it against Turks more important and effective“.
In fact, Russia sought to use a situation in the purposes. Prussia was supposed be not to destroyed at all: “Everything served agrees to the main aspiration, namely that Prussian before acquisition of new eminence not to allow the king, but there is more force it to bring into moderate limits and already for the local empire to make it in a word not dangerous“.
Threat is hypothetical, and wanted - Friedrich to besiege that, interfering with his strengthening. Also leaves that Prussia and Russia in many respects advocated the interests of allies. Direct interest of Russia - to help Austria to provide its reciprocal help. Interest of Prussia - again to assert the rights for Silesia. For the rest Russia advocated the interests of Austria and France; Prussia - England.
It is accepted to reproach Peter III for the world with Friedrich and loss got by considerable blood. But it was spilled not by Peter III! But it stopped bloodshed. Ekaterina not for nothing confirmed the world! And reproaching the husband with a worship for all Prussian, validly expressed Friedrich. Yes her father was the Prussian general!
And after Russia the world was signed by the others! Then all war kept on Russia which did not have in it direct interests?
Russia gave the won East Prussia. Perhaps in vain... Whether to us to judge? In Pyotr`s plans (to return itself Shlezvig!) the union with Friedrich would be very opportunely.
Not for nothing Friedrich was for Europe the commander`s sample! And its superiority was obvious to the opponents often not capable to win even at numerical superiority.
Friedrich who was copied as a standard is skillful to change. Battles of that time led to serious losses of both parties. And Friedrich, having few human resources, passed from search of battle to blocking strategy. To maneuvering, violation of communications and cutting of the opponent from bases. At sensitivity of that time to the centralized supply it allowed to win campaigns almost without battles. And again opponents imitated it! But Prussians with their discipline, capable to transitions, impossible for others, and here were ahead of enemies much.
Seven years` war did not give to Friedrich an essential increment of territories. Its rights for Silesia were confirmed. But considering a difference in forces and resources, Friedrich strategically played all.
And the father famous “the king - the soldier“, nearly deprived of his throne! Friedrich - Wilhelm militarized the country, and the prince was inclined not to military science, and to philosophy and art. The father forbade it occupations by French!
The conflict of “fathers and children“ reached Friedrich`s attempt to flee Prussia. Peter the Great is again remembered... Only not he ran, and his son. And all the same interesting parallel! Fathers sentenced both to death... But Friedrich differed from the tsarevitch Alexey. And having replaced the father, with interest used everything him put.