Febrifugal: rules of safe application
usually apply Febrifuges, even without thinking that they have contraindications and side effects, the dosages. But the violation of the rules of reception can lead to undesirable consequences. What features febrifugal should be considered to help the organism to cope with the illness and not to do much harm? How to choose febrifugal?
Febrifugal: the instruction for application
Fever, or a hyperthermia is a response of an organism on infectious - inflammatory process. With temperature increase causative agents of an infection breed more slowly, and the immune system becomes more active - more immunoglobulins and interferon are formed. Therefore it is necessary to force down temperature not always. Temperature is up to 38 ° C - protective also helps an organism to resist.
U febrifugal as any medicines, have side effects. Acetilsalicylic acid (aspirin) irritates a mucous membrane of a stomach, can cause allergic reaction (aspirinovy bronchial asthma), and at children quite often provokes a syndrome to Reja (very heavy violation which is followed by damage of a liver and brain). Sodium metamizol (analginum) can break formation of blood cells and provoke internal bleedings, heavy allergic reactions. Paracetamol is capable to affect a state and work of a liver, can have hepatotoxic effect. The ibuprofen and many other nonsteroid resolvents are known for risk of gastropatichesky action (nausea, vomiting, irritation of a mucous membrane of a stomach), besides, are capable to influence cellular composition of blood and function of kidneys negatively.It is important
! Cannot be abused febrifuges and to use them at an easy indisposition.
Accepting febrifugal, it is necessary to follow the recommended dosage and frequency of reception. The combined anti-cold preparations in the form of sparkling tablets and powders for preparation of hot drinks - well-tried and effective remedies in itself, but the dosage form in which they are issued promotes unfairly frequent reception. Many use them as the invigorating and warming means, instead of a usual cup of tea. >
In order that it is correct to p to use febrifugal preparations and not to put themselves at risk of overdose and side effects, it is necessary to represent accurately what occurs in an organism at temperature increase and as it is influenced by different types of febrifuges.
Temperature increase: how it occurs?Doctors allocate to
3 periods of development of a feverish syndrome:
- the accruing temperature increase
- achievement of the maximum values
all medical actions directed to fight against symptoms and consequences of fever will also depend On the period.deterioration in health of the patient (an indisposition, weakness), a headache, pallor of skin, a strong fever are characteristic
Of an initial stage of fever. Sweating decreases, and skin looks dry and cool (from - for a spasm of hypodermic vessels). At kids of the first years of life temperature increase quite often begins with tearfulness, nausea and vomiting.
in process of rise in temperature the condition of the patient sharply worsens, appears muscle pain, weight in the head, feeling of heat and the expressed weakness. Skin gains bright pink color, becomes hotter also damp to the touch. Work of nervous system is broken, appetite disappears, the sleep, but the main complaint of patients during this period - a severe headache and a general malaise can be interrupted.
the Third feverish period (decrease in temperature) can occur very quickly - critically, or gradually - lytically. Fast decrease in body temperature is undesirable since can be followed by falling of arterial pressure, decrease in a vascular tone and weakening of pulse. The patient at this moment complains of dizziness, weakness and slackness, plentifully sweats. At gradual decrease in temperature symptoms of fever disappear smoothly, without causing an overload of all organism. Most often in such situation of the patient feels small weakness, a perspiration and it is imperceptible for itself fills up.
When temperature should be reduced?
of the Definite answer to this question does not exist. For someone temperature increase on only 1 ° With is already followed by unpleasant feelings, and other person keeps activity and working capacity even at temperature increase to 38 ° Page. Therefore the issue of reception of febrifuges has to be resolved individually, taking into account all features of a condition of the patient and a course of disease. But there are also general recommendations:
- temperature is recommended to be reduced if it rises higher than 38 - 39 ° With; if the patient (the adult or the child) suffers from
- warmly - vascular diseases or chronic violations of nervous and respiratory system, temperature is reduced, without waiting when it rises to critical figures;
- even not too high temperature is reduced if the patient hard has fever;
- at the children inclined to answer temperature with spasms, also reduce temperature before it reaches serious figures. >
At temperature increase:no febrifugal work with
- without the sufficient drinking mode;
- is not recommended to reduce temperature by “national“ methods, especially so far as concerns treatment of children (an exception plentiful drink and rubdown by water of room temperature make); the combined febrifugal and cold remedies it is undesirable to children to use
- ; >
- for decrease in temperature at adults it is recommended to li to use preparations on the basis of paracetamol, an ibuprofen, acetilsalicylic acid and metamizol of sodium; are only used by
- for decrease in temperature at children till 12 years febrifugal on the basis of paracetamol or an ibuprofen and only in the dosage forms corresponding to age - it is impossible to use usual preparations, having just reduced a dosage! >
in li different febrifugal
one of 4 components is a part of all febrifugal: paracetamol, ibuprofen, acetilsalicylic acid or metamizol of sodium.
Paracetamol possesses the action expressed febrifugal and anesthetizing. It gradually and for rather long time reduces the increased body temperature, and also relieves the patient of head and muscular pain. At the same time paracetamol quite seldom causes complications from digestive, nervous and haematogenic systems. It is necessary to accept it no more than 4 times a day: to adults and children 12 years - on 500 mg or 1 g, kids from 3 months to 12 years - in the age dosage specified in the instruction to a preparation are more senior.It is important
! For decrease in temperature at children till 12 years are used only febrifugal on the basis of paracetamol or an ibuprofen and only in the dosage forms corresponding to age.the Ibuprofen begins to work with
quickly enough and provides long febrifugal effect. Besides, it has anesthetic and anti-inflammatory effect, and data that reception of an ibuprofen positively affects work of immune system appeared recently. Accept it no more
! Acetilsalicylic acid is applied only at patients 15 years, no more than 3 times a day on are more senior to
Acetilsalicylic acid as well as an ibuprofen, possesses the febrifugal, anti-inflammatory and anesthetizing action, but at the same time causes side effects much more often: violation of coagulability of blood, a spasm of airways, irritation mucous a stomach etc.is more expressed to
At metamizol of sodium the anesthetizing action and it is slightly less - febrifugal and anti-inflammatory. For decrease in temperature it is substance most often use in the form of intramuscular injections - when there is the emergency need “to bring down“ temperature. Without medical appointment it is not recommended to accept sodium metamizol since the risk of heavy allergic reactions and violations of blood formation is very high.