The diagnosis - squint of
Squint - violation of position of eyes at which one or both eyes alternately deviate at a look directly. The child having this illness is deprived of spatial prospect. Its inability to perceive the volume and depth of surrounding objects leads to violation of the correct orientation in space, and it, in turn, can become the delay reason in intellectual and physical development. It is much more difficult to cope with escalating visual loadings for it. So, character is corrupted, complexes develop.
Unfortunately, many parents mistakenly consider squint only as cosmetic defect whereas actually this serious disease demanding adequate and timely treatment.our eyes Are normal of
move is coordinated, and it means that the brain receives the image which differs from “double“ only in a point of view from each of them. The brain is able to merge these similar “pictures“ in one, and insignificant difference in them gives it the chance to construct a volume image. At squint everything is differently as it from - for uncoordinated muscle works, the setting eye in motion develops. As a result one of eyes deviates a joint point of fixing therefore the brain receives two images very different from each other and it cannot unite them in one three-dimensional image. As doctors speak in such cases, function of binocular sight is broken. It leads or to doubling (that happens less often), or to suppression of the image arriving from the mowing eye. If the brain begins and to ignore “the rejected picture“ from now on, cages of its visual centers will gradually forget to carry out the function, and sight in the mowing eye will begin slowly, but steadily to fall. Such state is called an ambliopiya, or “a lazy eye“. It accompanies squint in 85% of cases and leads to a bigger deviation of badly seeing eye.
the most different types of squint Exist, most often it happens meeting (eyes are directed to a nose bridge) or dispersing (eyes are directed to temples), i.e. horizontal. Also vertical squint meets. There are combined forms. It is also accepted to distinguish also paralytic squint of which restriction or lack of movements of an eye in one party, and sodruzhestvenny when mobility of an eye in all directions remains is characteristic. Eyes can mows constantly or periodically, for example, at emotional or physical overworks.doctors tell
Depending on age when the child has this disorder of sight, about primary or secondary squint. Squint which was revealed about one year is considered primary. In this case squint, as a rule, not an independent disease, but a symptom of more serious violations in work of nervous system. The visual device can be in a full order.
the General health of the newborn child generally depends on his heredity, the course of pregnancy at mother and the process of childbirth. Such problem as squint at babies, can be provoked by any pre-natal infection - whether it be a rubella, measles, scarlet fever, herpes, a cytomegalic inclusion disease, clamidiosis, etc.Sometimes the squint reason the child has
a usual flu transferred mother during pregnancy. Also squint rather often is a consequence of defects in development of the muscular device of eyes, cherepno - a brain trauma or defeat of the central nervous system.
Till 6 months at the kid can notice a periodic deviation of eyes which passes subsequently. If after half a year the child continues to eat with the bases to suspect at it true squint. And then consultations not only the ophthalmologist, but also the neuropathologist will be necessary. If the doctor insists on surgical intervention, postpone operation can be dangerous as violations of operation of the visual analyzer can lead to a delay of intellectual development of the child. The distorted information in an incomplete look comes to a brain.
Treatment of primary squint complex. If necessary appoint corrective points, sticking up of one or alternately both eyes to strictly certain time, hardware techniques and, as a rule, surgical intervention. Time of carrying out operation is chosen by the doctor in dependence of the general health of the child, the neurologic status and success of conservative actions.
Secondary squint develops at children usually in three years and it is connected with problems of the visual device. In some cases emergence of squint can provoke a fright, a stress, cherepno - a brain trauma and even a catarrhal disease. Very often squint arises at far-sighted kids. To
to the ophthalmologist, to survey visual system of the kid with use of the modern diagnostic equipment which allows to study its state of health comprehensively.Often diagnostic mistakes when carrying out planned surveys in district clinics turn out to be
consequence of the surveys executed according to the simplified scheme (i.e. without research of a condition of an eye bottom and a true refraction of an eye for what in eyes dig in drops for expansion of a pupil). This medical manipulation takes away about 45 minutes in addition to primary survey of the child and in district clinics where always big turns, doctors not always have an opportunity to devote to one patient 1,5 hours which are necessary for statement of the exact diagnosis.
At secondary squint modern ophthalmologic intervention can fix a problem by non-invasive methods, and at an ambliopiya to restore or to significantly increase visual acuity of a sore eye.the doctor appoints by
At secondary squint to the child medical points which carrying for successful treatment is obligatory as at the same time visual stress is removed that allows eyes to look directly.by
only the doctor can Resolve an issue of duration of their carrying. Sometimes parents remove from the child points with words that sight was normalized and... after a while squint comes back. Only the skilled ophthalmologist within a year after the beginning of complex treatment of the child can judge efficiency of treatment.Also the expert will appoint by
hardware techniques which without serious consequences improve sight. Conservative treatment is directed to increase of visual acuity and restoration of binocular communications between eyes. Hardware programs include ultrasonic, laser and a magnetotherapy, electrostimulation, vacuum massage and video computer auto-training. The purpose of such therapy - to teach to connect the visual center of a cerebral cortex two separate images in a uniform image, that is to teach the child to perceive world around two eyes, but not as it did it earlier. All hardware techniques are painless and fascinating. Children usually go to such classes with pleasure and perceive them as game, watch through lenses heroes of animated films, connect together two pictures, for example, put a chicken in egg etc. Often thanks to a ten-day course of exercises on devices which is conducted time in half a year doctors manage to restore the lost functions of both eyes.
the Reamed complex Unique, most effective today based on the principle of work of biological feedback allows to normalize work of the central departments of a brain which are responsible for sight in a game form. Results of treatment significantly increase in a combination of “Reamed“ to other types of therapy.
Unfortunately, only the large ophthalmologic centers have such modern devices for sight training. The majority of district clinics are equipped with outdated devices, and sometimes doctors are forced to recommend preventive sticking up of that eye which sees better as the main way of correction of squint. Whereas now it is only one of methods, but it cannot be the only thing in any way. The qualified specialist can give the forecast of treatment approximately in a year. In certain cases surgical intervention nevertheless will be required, but than earlier and conservative treatment was more intensively carried out, especially sparing will be operation. Anyway, operation - not the first method of treatment which the children`s ophthalmologist has to offer.
resort To surgical intervention only in that case when application of other ways cannot yield desirable result. Operation for squint gives good cosmetic effect, but does not restore a sight binokulyarnost, and for obtaining normal sight only of surgical intervention it is not enough. Therefore children with squint have to have special training for operation and complex hardware treatment after surgical intervention. It allows them to create new model of visual perception of world around, that is to learn to look two eyes.to Parents should remember
the Important supporting role at treatment of squint is played by the regular house exercises recommended by the ophthalmologist and also the child`s diet, control over its bearing and physical activity. Often problems of sight progress from - for problems of cervical department of a backbone therefore the child it is necessary to teach to hold correctly a back from the earliest age. It is not recommended to be engaged in injury-causing sports, it is desirable to include products, contents in a diet vitamin A, groups B and S.