Big spoon for the first feeding up. Part 1
the Kid grows up, and parents have a mass of questions concerning introduction to a diet of additional power supplies. Of course, in the first months of life the child eats mainly milk, whether it be breast milk or dairy mix. Milk - an ideal product for the small child, but additional sources of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins are required for it. Their receipt with women`s milk (mix) becomes insufficient.
What is a feeding up?
the Feeding up is an introduction to a food allowance of the child
Introduction of a feeding up - very important point in life of the kid. How it is correct it it will be organized, appetite of the child, his tastes, food addictions, skills of reception of food depends. It is important to parents to know signs of readiness of the child for introduction of a feeding up, to follow terms and rules of its introduction because non-compliance with rules can lead to failures in work of digestive organs.
What main signs of readiness of the child for introduction of a feeding up?
- Lack of allergic reactions, a liquid chair at the kid. In this case it is possible to speak about a sufficient maturity of digestive organs of the child for digestion of new products.
- the Child is positive to feeding process - opens a mouth at approach of a spoon, a hand discharges feeding when he is sated.
- the Child makes the purposeful movements by the head and hands.
- At the kid the reflex of “pushing out“ by language dies away, readiness for the chewing movements appears, he can swallow a lump of semi-dense food.
and depends on specific features of the child and, of course, on readiness of parents. Today the questions connected with terms of introduction of a feeding up are very actively discussed (first of all to the children who are on natural feeding).by
According to the Resolution of the World Assembly of Health care, the children who are on exclusively breastfeeding it is recommended to continue it without introduction to a diet of additional food ingredients to
Optimum age to start adaptation of the child to introduction to a food allowance of other products - 4 months. It is inexpedient to enter a feeding up earlier. Why? Only by 4 months there is “ripening“ of digestive enzymes, permeability of a mucous membrane of intestines decreases, the sufficient level of local immunity is formed, the child gains ability to swallow the semi-fluid and more dense food connected with fading of “a reflex of pushing out of a spoon“. There is also a physiological need of formation of the chewing device.
At earlier introduction of a feeding up the allergy can develop, occur digestion “failure“. And if the child is on breastfeeding, there can be a decrease in a lactation at mother. In this case the kid will suck less often a breast.
the Late feeding up (after 6 months) can cause the expressed deficiency of micronutrients (iron, zinc, etc.) . Need of fast introduction of a big number of products will lead to the raised load of an organism. At late introduction of a feeding up there is a delay of formation of skills of chewing and swallowing of dense food. > it is important to p to remember
- to children expediently to carry out introduction of a feeding up aged from 4 till 6 months of life of the child!
of Essential differences at introduction of a feeding up at the children who are on breastfeeding or on artificial no. Very often pediatricians recommend to children - bottle-fed babies earlier introduction of a feeding up. But it is necessary to consider that the modern adapted dairy mixes contain a necessary set of vitamins and mineral substances in the structure, and there is no need to enter a feeding up earlier. Therefore the scheme of introduction of a feeding up can be uniform.
How to enter a feeding up to the children who are on artificial feeding?Some types of a feeding up can be entered by
- earlier. For example, juice and fruit purees. But not earlier than
3 - xmonths. Instead of vegetable puree as necessary (to children with a bad increase of weight), the cereal feeding up can enter
- Cottage cheese can be entered in 6 months, meat - into
7 - monthlyage. Fermented milk products can be used by
- at earlier age
(8 - 10 months)but genuine milk not earlier than 12 months
- the Children who are on artificial feeding need an individual approach.
individually for each child: it is necessary to consider not only features of development of a gastrointestinal tract, eliminative organs, but also extent of development and feature of functioning of the central nervous system - that is it is necessary to look whether the child is ready to perception of new food.
Before introduction of a feeding up the child has to be surveyed and consulted by the doctor to define readiness of the kid for introduction of a feeding up. And if the child is ready, it is very important to observe and remember certain rules on introduction of dishes of a feeding up.
of the Rule of introduction of products and dishes of a feeding upAt first, during introduction of new products to a food allowance of the child, recommends to get
the so-called “food diary“. What will allow more carefully both parents, and the doctor to watch the kid.
- only to the healthy child it is necessary to Enter new dishes and products of a feeding up. If the kid is sick - postpone plans for acquaintance to a new dish.
- not to enter new dishes at change of living conditions (trips, moving etc.) during preventive inoculations (1 week to and 2 weeks after carrying out an inoculation). All dishes of a feeding up begin to enter
- with ½ a teaspoon, gradually bringing a portion to the necessary volume, attentively watching its shipping.
- Cannot enter two new products at the same time. Introduction of a new type of a feeding up perhaps after accustoming to previous. > New dishes of a feeding up it is better for li to enter
- in the morning to track reaction of the child. At emergence of signs of intolerance of this or that type of products (violations from outside zheludochno - an intestinal path, allergic reactions) introduction of a product need to be stopped. It is possible to try to enter it after a while. But if signs of intolerance appear again, it is necessary to replace this type of a product with similar or to exclude it from a diet absolutely.
- the Kid can refuse a new dish several times in a row. For perception of a new product his child it is necessary to offer up to 10 times sometimes. are given
- of the Dish of a feeding up before feeding by a breast (at children on breastfeeding) or mix (at children on artificial feeding) when the child is hungry also only from a spoon. After feeding by dishes of a feeding up it is possible to put the child to a breast or to offer mix (An exception only fruit juice and fruit purees make). have to be entered by
- of the Dish of a feeding up on hours - i.e. a breakfast, a lunch, an afternoon snack. have to be
- of the Dish of a feeding up at the beginning uniform and have a semi-fluid consistence. Such dish does not vyzyvt difficulty when swallowing. Then they should be done by more dense. It will gradually accustom the child to chewing. And with
of 9 - 10 monthscan practice “kusochkovy“ food.
- always should enter In the beginning a feeding up from one type of products (monocomponent) and only after accustoming to it gradually to pass to mix of two - three and more types of products of this group.
- of the Dish of a feeding up is given in a warm view from a spoon. With
6 - 7months (if the child sits), he has to sit at a special children`s table, and with of 7 - 9 monthsthe child should accustom to be drunk from a cup. >
- it is preferable to li to use products of industrial production. Their structure is guaranteed, they are safe, have a constant high nutrition value. They save mother`s time, simplify cooking process. But it is necessary to study attentively before the use of a product structure, rules of its preparation and storage. When using a feeding up of own preparation it is worth following all rules of hygiene accurately.