Rus Articles Journal

Big spoon for the first feeding up. Part 1

the Kid grows up, and parents have a mass of questions concerning introduction to a diet of additional power supplies. Of course, in the first months of life the child eats mainly milk, whether it be breast milk or dairy mix. Milk - an ideal product for the small child, but additional sources of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins are required for it. Their receipt with women`s milk (mix) becomes insufficient.

What is a feeding up?

the Feeding up is an introduction to a food allowance of the child 1 - go years of life of additional food which gradually forces out breast milk (dairy mix). The feeding up promotes transfer of the child to food of “adult type“.

Introduction of a feeding up - very important point in life of the kid. How it is correct it it will be organized, appetite of the child, his tastes, food addictions, skills of reception of food depends. It is important to parents to know signs of readiness of the child for introduction of a feeding up, to follow terms and rules of its introduction because non-compliance with rules can lead to failures in work of digestive organs.

What main signs of readiness of the child for introduction of a feeding up?

  1. Lack of allergic reactions, a liquid chair at the kid. In this case it is possible to speak about a sufficient maturity of digestive organs of the child for digestion of new products.
  2. the Child is positive to feeding process - opens a mouth at approach of a spoon, a hand discharges feeding when he is sated.
  3. the Child makes the purposeful movements by the head and hands.
  4. At the kid the reflex of “pushing out“ by language dies away, readiness for the chewing movements appears, he can swallow a lump of semi-dense food.
the Exact age of the beginning of introduction of a feeding up is still not established to

and depends on specific features of the child and, of course, on readiness of parents. Today the questions connected with terms of introduction of a feeding up are very actively discussed (first of all to the children who are on natural feeding).

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According to the Resolution of the World Assembly of Health care, the children who are on exclusively breastfeeding it is recommended to continue it without introduction to a diet of additional food ingredients to 6 - ti months and, therefore, to enter a feeding up from this age. But it has to be carried out only concerning the healthy children who were born with normal body weight (without hypotrophy or a delay of pre-natal development), at good nutrition of mother with use of the specialized enriched products or complex vitaminno - mineral preparations. And only then, on condition of good indicators physical and nervously - mental development of the child and a sufficient lactation in mother, the first feeding up can be entered not earlier than 6 months

Optimum age to start adaptation of the child to introduction to a food allowance of other products - 4 months. It is inexpedient to enter a feeding up earlier. Why? Only by 4 months there is “ripening“ of digestive enzymes, permeability of a mucous membrane of intestines decreases, the sufficient level of local immunity is formed, the child gains ability to swallow the semi-fluid and more dense food connected with fading of “a reflex of pushing out of a spoon“. There is also a physiological need of formation of the chewing device.

At earlier introduction of a feeding up the allergy can develop, occur digestion “failure“. And if the child is on breastfeeding, there can be a decrease in a lactation at mother. In this case the kid will suck less often a breast.

the Late feeding up (after 6 months) can cause the expressed deficiency of micronutrients (iron, zinc, etc.) . Need of fast introduction of a big number of products will lead to the raised load of an organism. At late introduction of a feeding up there is a delay of formation of skills of chewing and swallowing of dense food. it is important to p to remember

- to children expediently to carry out introduction of a feeding up aged from 4 till 6 months of life of the child!

of Essential differences at introduction of a feeding up at the children who are on breastfeeding or on artificial no. Very often pediatricians recommend to children - bottle-fed babies earlier introduction of a feeding up. But it is necessary to consider that the modern adapted dairy mixes contain a necessary set of vitamins and mineral substances in the structure, and there is no need to enter a feeding up earlier. Therefore the scheme of introduction of a feeding up can be uniform.

How to enter a feeding up to the children who are on artificial feeding?

Some types of a feeding up can be entered by Terms of introduction of a feeding up are established by

individually for each child: it is necessary to consider not only features of development of a gastrointestinal tract, eliminative organs, but also extent of development and feature of functioning of the central nervous system - that is it is necessary to look whether the child is ready to perception of new food.

Before introduction of a feeding up the child has to be surveyed and consulted by the doctor to define readiness of the kid for introduction of a feeding up. And if the child is ready, it is very important to observe and remember certain rules on introduction of dishes of a feeding up.

of the Rule of introduction of products and dishes of a feeding up

At first, during introduction of new products to a food allowance of the child, recommends to get

the so-called “food diary“. What will allow more carefully both parents, and the doctor to watch the kid.

Be continued.